Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Mara, D.D.; Broome, J. (2008)
Publisher: Institution of Civil Engineers
Languages: English
Types: Article
Around 2.8 billion people, mostly in developing countries,\ud currently lack adequate sanitation. Approximately half live\ud in urban areas, where the most appropriate sanitation\ud solution is commonly simplified sewerage. This paper\ud presents the rigorous hydraulic design basis of simplified\ud sewerage and compares this design approach with that\ud used in the UK for conventional sewerage. It reviews\ud simplified sewerage construction and how this achieves\ud major cost savings and also avoids the problems commonly\ud experienced with manholes.\ud
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION/UNICEF. Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment Report 2000. WHO, Geneva, 2000.
    • 2. WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION/UNICEF. Meeting the MDG Drinking Water and Sanitation Target: The Urban and Rural Challenge of the Decade. WHO, Geneva, 2006.
    • 3. DE ANDRADE NETO C. O. Uma soluc¸a˜o eficaz e de baixo custo para o esgotamento sanita´ rio urbano. Engenharia Sanita´ria, 1985, 24, No. 2, 239-241.
    • 4. MELO J. C. The Experience of Condominial Water and Sewerage Systems in Brazil: Case Studies from Bras´ılia, Salvador and Parauapebas. Water and Sanitation Program Latin America, Lima, 2005.
    • 5. SINNATAMBY G. S. The Design of Shallow Sewer Systems. United Nations Centre for Human Settlements, Nairobi, 1986.
    • 6. ASSOCIAC¸ A˜ O BRASILEIRA DE NORMAS TE´CNICAS. Projeto de Redes Coletoras de Esgoto Sanita´ rio. ABNT, Rio de Janeiro, 1986.
    • 7. SARMENTO V. DE B. A. Low-cost Sanitation Improvements in Poor Communities: Conditions for Physical Sustainability. PhD thesis, University of Leeds, 2001.
    • 8. NEDER K. D. and NAZARETH P. Condominial Sewer Systems for the Federal District of Brazil, Part 3: Methodology for the Application of Condominial Sewer Systems in the Federal District of Brazil. Companhia de Saneamento Ambiental do Distrito Federal, Bras´ılia, 1998.
    • 9. See http://duncanmarasanitation.blogspot.com/2008/01/ simplifiedcondominial-sewerage-2.html.
    • 10. MACHADO NETO J. C. O. and TSUTIYA M. T. Tensa˜ o trativa: um crite´rio econoˆ mico de esgoto. Revista DAE, 1985, 45, No. 140, 73-87.
    • 11. BAKALIAN A., WRIGHT A., OTIS R. and AZEVEDO-NETTO J. Simplified Sewerage: Design Guidelines. World Bank, Washington, DC, 1994.
    • 12. MARA D. Simplified sewerage: simplified design. In Lowcost Sewerage (MARA D., (ed.)). Wiley, Chichester, 1996, pp. 169-174.
    • 13. MARA D. D., SLEIGH P. A. and TAYLER K. PC-based Simplified Sewerage Design. School of Civil Engineering, University of Leeds, 2001.
    • 14. BROOME J. A simple aid for designing sewers. Journal of the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Engineering, 1996, 10, No. 6, 411-412.
    • 15. GIDLEY J. S. Ericson, Nebraska Flat Grade Sewers. National Small Flows Clearinghouse, West Virginia University, Morgantown, 1987, Case Study No. 11.
    • 16. ACKERS J. C., BUTLER D. and MAY R. W. P. Design of Sewers to Control Sediment Problems. Construction Industry Research and Information Association, London, 1996, Report No. 141.
    • 17. WATER RESEARCH CENTRE. Sewers for Adoption: A Design and Construction Guide for Developers, 6th edn. WRc, Swindon, 2006.
    • 18. BRITISH STANDARDS INSTITUTION. Drains and Sewer Systems Outside Buildings-Part 4: Hydraulic Design and Environmental Considerations. BSI, London, 2005, BS EN 752-4: 1998.
    • 19. LILLYWHITE M. S. T. and WEBSTER C. J. D. Investigations of drain blockages and their implications on design. Journal of the Institution of Public Health Engineers, 1979, 7, No. 4, 170-175.
    • 20. TAYLER K. Urban sanitation-lessons from experience. Waterlines, 2008, 27, No. 1, 30-47.
    • 21. KHATIB ALAM S. M. and PARKINSON J. Appropriate Design Standards and Construction Specifications for Tertiary Sewerage Systems. Faisalabad Area Upgrading Project, Faisalabad, 2002.
    • 22. WATSON G. Good Sewers Cheap? Agency-Customer Interactions in Low-cost Urban Sanitation in Brazil. World Bank, Washington, DC, 1995.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article