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Van Wensem, J.; Calow, P.; Dollacker, A.; Maltby, L.; Olander, L.; Tuvendal, M.; Van Houtven, G. (2016)
Publisher: Wiley
Languages: English
Types: Article
The presumption is that ecosystem services (ES) approaches provide a better basis for environmental decision-making than other approaches because they make explicit the connection between human well-being and ecosystem structures and processes. However, the existing literature does not provide a precise description of ES approaches for environmental policy and decision-making, nor does it assess whether these applications will make a difference in terms of changing decisions and improving outcomes. We describe three criteria that can be used to identify whether and to what extent ES approaches are being applied: connect impacts all the way from ecosystem changes to human well-being; consider all relevant ES affected by the decision; consider and compare the changes in well-being of different stakeholders. As a demonstration, we then analyse retrospectively if and how the criteria were met in different decision-making contexts. For this assessment, we have developed an analysis format that describes the type of policy, the relevant scale(s), the decisions or questions, the decision-maker and the underlying documents. This format includes a general judgement of how far the three ES criteria have been applied. It shows that the criteria can be applied to many different decision-making processes, ranging from the supranational to the local scale and to different parts of decision-making processes. In conclusion we suggest these criteria could be used for assessments of the extent to which ES approaches have been and should be applied, what benefits and challenges arise, and whether using ES approaches made a difference in the decision-making process, decisions made, or outcomes of those decisions. Results from such studies could inform future use and development of ES approaches, draw attention to where the greatest benefits and challenges are, and help to target integration of ES approaches into policies, where they can be most effective. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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