Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Rochet, Nicolas; Spieser, Laure; Casini, Laurence; Hasbroucq, Thierry; Burle, Boris (2014)
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Journal: Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: RC0321, Cognitive control, BF, [SCCO.PSYC] Cognitive science/Psychology, Action awareness, Error detection, Article, [SCCO.NEUR] Cognitive science/Neuroscience
International audience; Appropriate reactions to erroneous actions are es-sential to keeping behavior adaptive. Erring, however, is notan all-or-none process: electromyographic (EMG) recordingsof the responding muscles have revealed that covert incorrectresponse activations (termed “partial errors”) occur on a pro-portion of overtly correct trials. The occurrence of such “par-tial errors” shows that incorrect response activations could becorrected online, before turning into overt errors. In the pres-ent study, we showed that, unlike overt errors, such “partialerrors” are poorly consciously detected by participants, whocould report only one third of their partial errors. Two param-eters of the partial errors were found to predict detection: thesurface of the incorrect EMG burst (larger for detected) andthe correction time (between the incorrect and correct EMGonsets; longer for detected). These two parameters providedindependent information. The correct(ive) responses associat-ed with detected partial errors were larger than the “pure-correct” ones, and this increase was likely a consequence,rather than a cause, of the detection. The respective impactsof the two parameters predicting detection (incorrect surfaceand correction time), along with the underlying physiologicalprocesses subtending partial-error detection, are discussed.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Abbruzzese, G., Ratto, S., Favale, M., & Abbruzzese, M. (1981). Proprioceptive modulation of somatosensory evoked potentials during active or passive finger movement in man. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 44, 942-949.
    • Allain, S., Burle, B., Hasbroucq, T., & Vidal, F. (2009). Sequential adjustments before and after partial errors. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 16, 356-362. doi:10.3758/PBR.16.2.356
    • Allain, S., Carbonnell, L., Burle, B., Hasbroucq, T., & Vidal, F. (2004a). Online executive control: An electromyographic study. Psychophysiology, 41, 113-116.
    • Allain, S., Hasbroucq, T., Burle, B., Grapperon, J., & Vidal, F. (2004b). Response monitoring without sensory feedback. Clinical Neurophysiology, 115, 2014-2020.
    • Angel, R. W., & Malenka, R. C. (1972). Velocity-dependent suppression of cutaneous sensitivity during movement. Experimental Neurology, 77, 266-274.
    • Burle, B., & Bonnet, M. (1999). What's an internal clock for? From temporal information processing to temporal processing of information. Behavioural Processes, 45, 59-72. doi:10.1016/S0376- 6357(99)00009-1
    • Burle, B., Possamaï, C.-A., Vidal, F., Bonnet, M., & Hasbroucq, T. (2002). Executive control in the Simon effect: An electromyographic and distributional analysis. Psychological Research, 66, 324-336. doi:10. 1007/s00426-002-0105-6
    • Burle, B., Roger, C., Allain, S., Vidal, F., & Hasbroucq, T. (2008). Error negativity does not reflect conflict: A reappraisal of conflict monitoring and anterior cingulate cortex activity. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20, 1637-1655. doi:10.1162/jocn.2008.20110
    • Carter, C. S., Braver, T. S., Barch, D. M., Botvinick, M. M., Noll, D., & Cohen, J. D. (1998). Anterior cingulate cortex, error detection, and the online monitoring of performance. Science, 280, 747-749. doi: 10.1126/science.280.5364.747
    • Coles, M. G. H., Scheffers, M. K., & Holroyd, C. B. (2001). Why is there an ERN/Ne on correct trials? Response representations, stimulusrelated components, and the theory of error-processing. Biological Psychology, 56, 173-189.
    • Dehaene, S., & Naccache, L. (2001). Towards a cognitive neuroscience of consciousness: Basic evidence and a workspace framework. Cognition, 79, 1-37. doi:10.1016/S0010-0277(00)00123-2
    • DeLong, E., DeLong, D., & Clarke-Pearson, D. (1988). Comparing the areas under two or more correlated receiver operating characteristic curves: A nonparametric approach. Biometrics, 44, 837-845.
    • Dutilh, G., Vandekerckhove, J., Forstmann, B. U., Keuleers, E., Brysbaert, M., & Wagenmakers, E.-J. (2012). Testing theories of post-error slowing. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 74, 454-465. doi:10.3758/s13414-011-0243-2
    • Endrass, T., Reuter, B., & Kathmann, N. (2007). ERP correlates of conscious error recognition: Aware and unaware errors in an antisaccade task. European Journal of Neuroscience, 26, 1714-1720.
    • Eriksen, C. W., Coles, M. G. H., Morris, L. R., & O'Hara, W. P. (1985). An electromyographic examination of response competition. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 23, 165-168.
    • Evarts, E. V. (1968). Relation of pyramidal tract activity to force exerted during voluntary movement. Journal of Neurophysiology, 31, 14-27.
    • Falkenstein, M., Hohnsbein, J., Hoormann, J., & Blanke, L. (1991). Effects of crossmodal divided attention on late ERP components: II. Error processing in choice reaction tasks. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 78, 447-455. doi:10.1016/0013-4694(91) 90062-9
    • Gehring, W. J., Goss, B., Coles, M. G. H., Meyer, D. E., & Donchin, E. (1993). A neural system for error detection and compensation. Psychological Science, 4, 385-390. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280. 1993.tb00586.x
    • Gescheider, G. (1976). Psychophysics, theory and method . Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
    • Gratton, G., Coles, M. G. H., & Donchin, E. (1992). Optimizing the use of information: Strategic control of activation of responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 121, 480-506. doi:10.1037/ 0096-3445.121.4.480
    • Green, D., & Swets, J. A. (1966). Signal detection theory and psychophysics . New York, NY: Wiley.
    • Haggard, P., & Magno, E. (1999). Localising awareness of action with transcranial magnetic stimultation. Experimental Brain Research, 127, 102-107.
    • Haggard, P., & Whitford, B. (2004). Supplementary motor area provides an efferent signal for sensory suppression. Cognitive Brain Research, 19, 52-58.
    • Hasbroucq, T., Possamaï, C.-A., Bonnet, M., & Vidal, F. (1999). Effect of the irrelevant location of the response signal on choice reaction time: An electromyographic study in humans. Psychophysiology, 36, 522-526. doi:10.1017/S0048577299001602
    • Kutner, M. H., Nachtsheim, C. J., & Neter, J. (2004). Applied linear regression models. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.
    • Laming, D. R. J. (1968). Information theory of choice-reaction times . New York, NY: Academic Press.
    • Laming, D. (1979). Choice reaction performance following an error. Acta Psychologica, 43, 199-224. doi:10.1016/0001-6918(79)90026-X
    • Masaki, H., & Segalowitz, S. (2004). Error negativity: A test of the response conflict versus error detection hypotheses. In M. Ullsperger & M. Falkenstein (Eds.), Errors, conflicts, and the brain: Current opinions on performance monitoring (pp. 76-83). Leipzig, Germany: MPI of Cognitive Neuroscience.
    • Murphy, P. R., Robertson, I. H., Allen, D., Hester, R., & O'Connell, R. G. (2012). An electrophysiological signal that precisely tracks the emergence of error awareness. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, 65. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2012.00065
    • Nieuwenhuis, S., Ridderinkhof, K. R., Blom, J., Band, G. P. H., & Kok, A. (2001). Error-related brain potentials are differentially related to awareness of response errors: Evidence from an antisaccade task. Psychophysiology, 38, 752-760.
    • Notebaert, W., Houtman, F., Van Opstal, F., Gevers, W., Fias, W., & Verguts, T. (2009). Post-error slowing: An orienting account. Cognition, 111, 275-279. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2009.02.002
    • O'Connell, R. G., Dockree, P. M., Bellgrove, M. A., Kelly, S. P., Hester, R., Garavan, H., & Foxe, J. J. (2007). The role of cingulate cortex in the detection of errors with and without awareness: A high-density electrical mapping study. European Journal of Neuroscience, 25, 2571-2579.
    • R Development Core Team. (2012). R: A language and environment for statistical computing [Computer software manual]. Vienna, Austria. Retrieved from www.R-project.org (ISBN 3-900051-07-0)
    • Rabbitt, P. M. A. (1966). Errors and error correction in choice reaction tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71, 264-272.
    • Rabbitt, P. M. A. (2002). Consciousness is slower than you think. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 55A, 1081-1092.
    • Rabbitt, P. M. A., & Vyas, S. M. (1981). Processing a display even after you made a response to it: How perceptual errors can be corrected. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 33A, 223-239.
    • Ratcliff, R., & McKoon, G. (2008). The diffusion decision model: Theory and data for two-choice decision tasks. Neural Computation, 20, 873-922. doi:10.1162/neco.2008.12-06-420
    • Robin, X., Turck, N., Hainard, A., Tiberti, N., Lisacek, F., Sanchez, J.-C., & Müller, M. (2011). pROC: An open-source package for R and S+ to analyze and compare ROC curves. BMC Bioinformatics, 12, 77.
    • Roger, C., Bénar, C. G., Vidal, F., Hasbroucq, T., & Burle, B. (2010). Rostral cingulate zone and correct response monitoring: ICA and source localisation evidences for the unicity of correct- and errornegativities. NeuroImage, 51, 391-403.
    • Scheffers, M. K., Coles, M. G. H., Bernstein, P., Gehring, W. J., & Donchin, E. (1996). Event-related brain potentials and errorrelated processing: An analysis of incorrect responses to go and no-go stimuli. Psychophysiology, 33, 42-53.
    • Simon, J. R. (1990). The effects of an irrelevant directional cue on human information processing. In R. W. Proctor & T. G. Reeve (Eds.), Stimulus-response compatibility: An integrated perspective (pp. 31-86). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: North-Holland.
    • Smid, H. G. O. M., Mulder, G., & Mulder, L. J. M. (1990). Selective response activation can begin before stimulus recognition is complete: A psychophysiological and error analysis of continuous flow. Acta Psychologica, 74, 169-210. doi:10.1016/0001-6918(90) 90005-Z
    • Steinhauser, M., & Yeung, N. (2010). Decision processes in human performance monitoring. Journal of Neuroscience, 30, 15643- 15653. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1899-10.2010
    • Stevens, M., Lammertyn, J., Verbruggen, F., & Vandierendonck, A. (2006). Tscope: A C library for programming cognitive experiments on the MS Windows platform. Behavior Research Methods, 38, 280-286. doi:10.3758/BF03192779
    • van Boxtel, G. J. M., Geraats, L. H. D., van den Berg-Lessen, M. M. C., & Brunia, C. H. M. (1993). Detection of EMG onset in ERP research. Psychophysiology, 30, 405-412.
    • van den Wildenberg, W. P. M., Wylie, S. A., Forstmann, B. U., Burle, B., Hasbroucq, T., & Ridderinkhof, K. R. (2010). To head or to heed? Beyond the surface of selective action inhibition: A review. Frontiers in Human Neurosciences, 4, 222. doi:10.3389/fnhum. 2010.00222
    • van Gaal, S., Lamme, V. A. F., & Ridderinkhof, K. R. (2010). Unconsciously triggered conflict adaptation. PLoS ONE, 5, e11508. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011508
    • Venables, W. N., & Ripley, B. D. (2002). Modern applied statistics with S (4th ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
    • Vidal, F., Hasbroucq, T., Grapperon, J., & Bonnet, M. (2000). Is the “error negativity” specific to errors? Biological Psychology, 51, 109-128.
    • Vrieze, S. I. (2012). Model selection and psychological theory: A discussion of the differences between the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian information criterion (BIC). Psychological Methods, 17, 228-243. doi:10.1037/a0027127
    • Wolpert, D. M. (1997). Computational approaches to motor control. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 1, 209-216.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.