Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
BARTLETT, Jamie; FROIO, Caterina; LITTLER, Mark; MCDONNELL, Duncan (2013)
Publisher: Demos
Languages: English
Types: Research
New social and political movements from radically different political positions are emerging across Europe using social media, posing a new challenge to existing political parties and structures. The Pirate Party in Germany and the Occupy movement are examples of movements that have employed social media to grow rapidly and create a significant political and social impact – all in the last three years.\ud \ud Beppe Grillo, the Italian comedian and blogger, is one of the first political figures to have embraced this change. He has used social media to communicate, recruit and organise, growing the Moviment 5 Stelle from practically nothing to a major political force in Italy in the space of three years, with it expected to play a crucial role in the 2013 Italian elections. His anti-establishment message has resonated with many against a backdrop of declining trust in political institutions, falling political party membership and ever-lower voter turnout.\ud \ud This report presents the results of a survey of 1,865 Facebook fans of Beppe Grillo and the Movimento 5 Stelle. It includes data on who they are, what they think, and what motivates them to shift from virtual to real-world activism. It also compares them with other similar parties in Western Europe and their attitudes to those of the Italian population. This report is the seventh in a series of country specific briefings about the online support of populist parties across Europe.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • i s p r o j c t w a s s u p p o r t e d J Bartlett, J Birdwell and M Littler, The New Face of Digital Populism, London: Demos, 2011, www.demos.co.uk/publications/ thenewfaceofdigitalpopulism (accessed 16 Feb 2012).
    • T Postmes and S Brunsting, 'Collective action in the age of the internet: mass communication and online mobilization', Social Science Computer Review 20, issue 3, 2002; M Castells, 'The mobile civil society: social movements, political power and communication networks' in M Castells et al, Mobile Communication and Society: A global perspective, Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 2007.
    • 6 I Van Biezen, P Mair and T Poguntke, 'Going, going,...gone? The decline of party membership in contemporary Europe', European Journal of Political Research 51, 2012, pp 24-56.
    • 7 'Social media powers youth participation in politics', Science Daily, 26 Jun 2012, www.sciencedaily.com/releases/ 2012/06/120626121043.htm (accessed 14 Dec 2012).
    • 8 9 10 See B Grillo, 'Comunicato politico numero venticinque', blog, 9 Sep 2009, www.beppegrillo.it/2009/09/comunicato_politico_ numero_venticinque.html (accessed 14 Dec 2012).
    • 12 See 'Top Italia: Generale', BlogItalia, 30 Nov 2012, www.blogitalia.it/classifica/ (accessed 14 Dec 2012); and 'beppegrillo.it: il blog di beppe Grillo', Alexa, nd, www.alexa. com/siteinfo/beppegrillo.it (accessed 14 Dec 2012).
    • 13 European Commission, 'Public opinion in the European Union', Standard Eurobarometer 57, spring 2002, http://ec.europa.eu/ public_opinion/archives/eb/eb57/eb57_en.htm (accessed 14 Dec 2012).
    • 14 B Swenson, 'The human network: social media and the limits of politics', Baltic Journal of Law and Politics 1, no 1, 2012, pp 102-24.
    • 18 See 'Regolamento', Movimento Beppegrillo.it, 10 Dec 2009, www.beppegrillo.it/iniziative/movimentocinquestelle/ Regolamento-Movimento-5-Stelle.pdf (accessed 14 Dec 2012)..
    • 19 On the 2012 Italian local elections, see D McDonnell, 'None of Italy's 50 largest cities has a female mayor: even with its party system in turmoil, Italy remains a country for old men', blog, 19 May 2012, http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/europpblog/2012/05/19/italypolitics-turmoil/ (accessed 14 Dec 2012).
    • 20 On the movement's difficulties in breaking through in the South, see L Pinto and R Vignati, 'Il successo e i dilemmi del Movimento 5 stelle', Il Mulino 4, 2012.
    • 21 See 'Ladroni a casa nostra', 11 Apr 2012, Sondaggio PoliticoElettorale, http://sondaggipoliticoelettorali.it/asp/ visualizza_ sondaggio.asp?idsondaggio=5354 (accessed 14 Dec 2012).
    • 22 See 'Salvataggi e primarie', Sondaggio Politico-Elettorale, 13 Jun 2012, http://sondaggipoliticoelettorali.it/asp/visualizza_ sondaggio.asp?idsondaggio=5545 (accessed 14 Dec 2012).
    • 24 See Casaleggio's letter to the Corriere della Sera: G Casaleggio, 'Ho scritto io le regole del Movimento 5 Stelle', Corriere della Sera, 30 May 2012, www.corriere.it/politica/12_maggio_30/ casaleggio-regole-mov-5-stelle_9e8eca9c-aa1a-11e1-8196- b3ccb09a7f99.shtml (accessed 14 Dec 2012).
    • 25 'MoVimento 5 stelle, ma quale democrazia? Le regionali mettono in crisi le liste di Grillo', Yes, political!, 28 Dec 2009, http://yespolitical.com/2009/12/28/movimento-5-stelle-maquale-democrazia-le-regionali-mettono-in-crisi-le-liste-di-grillo/ (accessed 14 Dec 2012).
    • 26 See B Grillo, 'Il talk show ti uccide, digli di smettere', blog, 31 Oct 2012, www.beppegrillo.it/2012/10/il_talk_show_ti_ uccide.html (accessed 14 Dec 2012).
    • 27 B Grillo, 'Grillo for dummies', blog, 6 Nov 2012, www.beppegrillo.it/2012/11/grillo_for_dummies.html (accessed 14 Dec 2012).
    • 28 'Newsmaker - comic Grillo shakes up Italian politics with shock win', Reuters, 21 May 2012, www.reuters.com/article/2012/05/ 21/italy-politics-grillo-idUSL5E8GLCQ520120521 (accessed 10 Sep 2012).
    • 29 See 'Programma: stato e cittadini energia informazione economia trasporti salute istruzione', Movimento Beppegrillo.it, nd, www.beppegrillo.it/iniziative/movimentocinquestelle/ Programma-Movimento-5-Stelle.pdf (accessed 14 Dec 2012).
    • 31 See, for example, the lack of grassroots activity in Berlusconi's party, the PDL, discussed in D McDonnell, 'Silvio Berlusconi's personal parties: from Forza Italia to the Popolo della Libertà', Political Studies 61, 2013, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/ 10.1111/j.1467-9248.2012.01007.x/pdf
    • 32 L Ceccarini, I Diamanti and M Lazar, 'End of an era: the disintegration of the Italian party system' in A Bosco and D McDonnell (eds), Italian Politics: From Berlusconi to Monti, New York: Berghahn, 2012.
    • 33 F Bordignon and L Ceccarini, '5 Stelle, un autobus in movimento', Il Mulino 5, 2012, pp 812-13.
    • 36 See N Maggini, 'Il bacino del Movimento 5 Stelle: l'economia divide, il libertarismo e l'ambientalismo uniscono', Centro Italiano Studi Elettorali, 4 Jul 2012, http://cise.luiss.it/cise/ 2012/07/04/il-bacino-del-movimento-5-stelle-leconomiadivide-il-libertarismo-e-lambientalismo-uniscono/ (accessed 14 Dec 2012).
    • 45 See A Bosco and D McDonnell, 'Introduction: The Monti Government and the downgrade of Italian parties', in A Bosco and D McDonnell (eds), Italian Politics: From Berlusconi to Monti, New York: Berghahn, 2012.
    • 47 See the survey by ISPO and Corriere della Sera (conducted on 1-2 February 2012) 'Fiducia nei partiti, dopo il caso Lusi giù all'8% e il 56% degli elettori vuole cambiamenti radicali', Sondaggio Politico-Elettorale, 6 Feb 2012, http://sondaggipoliticoelettorali.it/asp/visualizza_ sondaggio.asp?idsondaggio=5193 (accessed 14 Dec 2012).
    • 54 The Demos survey asked respondents: 'To what extent do you trust the following: [institution]'. The Eurobarometer survey asked respondents: 'For each of the following institutions, please tell me if you tend to trust it or tend not to trust it. [institution]'. In each case respondents selected either 'tend to trust' or 'tend not to trust'. The percentages cited for 'Political parties', and 'The press' are derived from QA10 in European Commission, 'Public Opinion in the European Union', tables of results, Standard Eurobarometer 76, TNS Opinion & Social, autumn 2011, http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb76/eb76_ tablesresults_en.pdf (accessed 14 Dec 2012). The percentages cited for 'Government' and 'European Union' are taken from QA13.1 and QA13.3 in European Commission, 'Public Opinion in the European Union', tables, Standard Eurobarometer 75, spring 2011, http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb75/ eb75_anx_full_fr.pdf (accessed 14 Dec 2012). The percentages cited for all other institutions are derived from European Commission, 'Public Opinion in the European Union', tables of results, Standard Eurobarometer 74, autumn 2010, http://ec.europa.eu/ public_opinion/archives/eb/eb74/eb74_anx_full_fr.pdf (accessed 14 Dec 2012), as they do not appear in the later survey.
    • 55 J Hardwig, 'The Role of Trust in Knowledge', Journal of Philosophy 88, no 22, 1991; P Knight, 'Outrageous conspiracy theories: popular and official responses to 9/11 in Germany and the United States', New German Critique 35, no 1, 2008, pp 165-93; J Birdwell, 'Trust and local government', Demos, 2009, www.demos.co.uk/projects/trustandlocalgovernment (accessed 14 Dec 2012).
  • No related research data.
  • Discovered through pilot similarity algorithms. Send us your feedback.

    Title Year Similarity

    Beppe Grillo and the M5S : A political experiment


Share - Bookmark

Cite this article