LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Ulbrich, U.; Leckebusch, G. C.; Pinto, Joaquim G (2009)
Publisher: Springer
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:
Based on the availability of hemispheric gridded data sets from observations, analysis and global climate models, objective cyclone identification methods were developed and applied to these data sets. Due to the large amount of investigation methods combined with the variety of different datasets, a multitude of results exist, not only for the recent climate period but also for the next century, assuming anthropogenic changed conditions. Different thresholds, different physical quantities, and considerations of different atmospheric vertical levels add to a picture that is difficult to combine into a common view of cyclones, their variability and trends, in the real world and in GCM studies. Thus, this paper will give a comprehensive review of the actual knowledge on climatologies of mid-latitude cyclones for the Northern and Southern Hemisphere for the present climate and for its possible changes under anthropogenic climate conditions.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Alpert P, Neeman BU, Shay-El Y (1990a) Climatological analysis of Mediterranean cyclones using ECMWF data. TellusA 42:65-77
    • Alpert P, Neeman BU, Shay-El Y (1990b) Intermonthly variability of cyclone tracks in the Mediterranean. J Clim 3:1474-1478
    • Ayrault F, Lalaurette F, Joly A, Loo C (1995) North Atlantic ultra high frequency variability. Tellus 47A:671-696
    • Bartholy J, Pongrácz R, Pattantyús-Ábrahám M (2006) European cyclone track analysis based on four geopotential fields of ECMWF ERA-40 datasets. Int J Climatol 26:1517-1527
    • Benestad RE, Chen D (2006) The use of a calculus-based cyclone identification method for generating storm statistics. Tellus 58A:473-486
    • Bengtsson L, Hodges KI, Roeckner E (2006) Storm tracks and climate change. J Clim 19:3518-3543
    • Blackmon ML, Wallace JM, Lee Y-H (1984a) Horizontal structure of 500-mb height fluctuations with short, medium and long time scales. J Atmos Sci 41:961-979
    • Blackmon ML, Wallace JM, Lee Y-H, Hsu H-H (1984b) Time variation of 500-mb height fluctuations with short, medium and long time scales. J Atmos Sci 41:981-991
    • Blender R, Schubert M (2000) Cyclone tracking in different spatial and temporal resolutions. Mon Wea Rev 128:377-384
    • Blender R, Fraedrich K, Lunkheit F (1997) Identification of cyclone-track regimes in the North Atlantic. Quart J R Met Soc 123:727-741
    • Burkhardt U, James IN (2006) The effect of Doppler correction on measures of storm track intensity. Clim Dyn 27:515-530
    • Carnell RE, Senior CA (1998) Changes in mid-latitude variability due to increasing greenhouse gases and sulphate aerosols. Clim Dyn 14:369-383
    • Chang EKM (2005a) Effects of secular changes in frequency of observations and observational errors on monthly mean MSLP summary statistics derived from ICOADS. J Clim 18:3623-3633
    • Chang EKM (2005b) The impact of wave packets propagating across Asia on Pacific cyclone development. Mon Wea Rev 133:1998-2015
    • Chen SJ, Zhang PZ (1996) Climatology of deep cyclones over Asia and the Northwest Pacific. Theor Appl Climatol 54:139-146
    • Christoph M, Ulbrich U, Haak U (1995) Faster determination of the intraseasonal variability of stormtracks using Murakami's recursive filter. Mon Wea Rev 123:578-581
    • Christoph M, Ulbrich U, Speth P (1997) Midwinter suppression of northern hemisphere storm track activity in the real atmosphere and in GCM experiments. J Atmos Sci 54:1589-1599
    • Deveson ACL, Browning KA, Hewson TD (2002) A classification of FASTEX cyclones using a height-attributable quasi-geostrophic vertical-motion diagnostic. Q J R Meteorol Soc 128:93-117
    • Eichler T, Higgins W (2006) Climatology and ENSO-related variability of North American extratropical cyclone activity. J Clim 19:2076-2093
    • Finnis J, Holland MM, Serreze MC, Cassano JJ (2007) Response of northern hemisphere extratropical cyclone activity and associated precipitation to climate change, as represented by the community climate system model. J Geophys Res 112. doi:10.1029/ 2006JG000286
    • Froude LSR, Bengtsson L, Hodges KI (2007a) The predictability of extratropical storm tracks and the sensitivity of their prediction to the observing system. Mon Wea Rev 135:315-333
    • Froude LSR, Bengtsson L, Hodges KI (2007b) The prediction of extratropical storm tracks by the ECMWF and NCEP ensemble prediction systems. Mon Wea Rev 135:2545-2567
    • Fyfe JC (2003) Extratropical southern hemisphere cyclones: harbingers of climate change? J Clim 16:2802-2805
    • Gaertner MA, Jacob D, Gil V, Domínguez M, Padorno E, Sánchez E, Castro M (2007) Tropical cyclones over the Mediterranean Sea in climate change simulations. Geophys Res Lett 34:L14711. doi:10.1029/2007GL029977
    • Gaffney SJ, Robertson AW, Smyth P, Camargo SJ, Ghil M (2007) Probabilistic clustering of extratropical cyclones using regression mixture models. Clim Dyn 29:423-440
    • Geng Q, Sugi M (2001) Variability of the North Atlantic cyclone activity in winter analysed from NCEP-NCAR reanalysis data. J Clim 14:3863-3873
    • Geng Q, Sugi M (2003) Possible change of extratropical cyclone activity due to enhanced greenhouse gases and sulfate aerosolsstudy with a high-resolution AGCM. J Clim 16:2262-2274
    • Graham NE, Diaz HF (2001) Evidence for intensification of North Pacific winter cyclones since 1848. Bull Am Met Soc 82:1869-1904
    • Gray SL, Dacre HF (2006) Classifying dynamical forcing mechanisms using a climatology of extratropical cyclones. Q J R Met Soc 132:1119-1137
    • Greeves CZ, Pope VD, Stratton RA, Martin GM (2007) Representation of northern hemisphere winter storm tracks in climate models. Clim Dyn 28:683-702
    • Gulev SK, Zolina O Grigoriev S (2001) Extratropical cyclone variability in the northern hemisphere winter from NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data. Clim Dyn 17:795-809
    • Gulev SK, Jung T, Ruprecht E (2002) Interannual and seasonal variability in the intensities of synoptic scale processes in the North Atlantic mid latitudes from the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data. J Clim 15:809-828
    • Haak U, Ulbrich U (1996) Verification of an objective cyclone climatology for the North Atlantic. Meteorol Z 5:24-30
    • Hanson CE, Palutikof JP, Davies TD (2004) Objective cyclone climatologies of the North Atlantic-a comparison between the ECMWF and NCEP Reanalyses. Clim Dyn 22:757-769
    • Harnik N, Chang EKM (2003) Storm track variations as seen in radiosonde observations and reanalysis data. J Clim 16:480- 495
    • Hodges KI (1994) A general method for tracking analysis and its application to meteorological data. Mon Wea Rev 122:2573-2586
    • Hodges KI (1995) Feature tracking on the unit sphere. Mon Wea Rev 123:3458-3465
    • Hodges KI, Hoskins BJ, Boyle J, Thorncroft C (2003) A comparison of recent reanalysis datasets using objective feature tracking: storm tracks and tropical easterly waves. Mon Wea Rev 131:2012-2037
    • Hoskins BJ, Hodges KI (2002) New perspectives on the northern hemisphere winter storm tracks. J Atmos Sci 59:1041-1061
    • Hoskins BJ, Hodges KI (2005) A new perspective on southern hemisphere storm tracks. J Clim 18:4108-4129
    • Hilmer M, Jung T (2000) Evidence for a recent change in the link between the North Atlantic Oscillation and Arctic sea ice. Geophys Res Lett 27:989-992
    • James PM (2006) An assessment of European synoptic variability in Hadley centre global environmental models based on an objective classification of weather regimes. Clim Dyn 27:215-231
    • Jiang J, Perrie W (2007) The impacts of climate change on autumn North Atlantic midlatitude cyclones. J Clim 20:1174-1187
    • Jung T, Hilmer M, Ruprecht E, Kleppek S, Gulev SK, Zolina O (2003) Characteristics of the recent eastward shift of interannual NAO variability. J Clim 16:3371-3382
    • Jung T, Gulev SK, Rudeva I, Soloviov V (2006) Sensitivity of extratropical cyclone characteristics to horizontal resolution in the ECMWF model. Q J R Meteorol Soc 132:1839-1857
    • Key JR, Chan ACK (1999) Multidecadal global and regional trends in 1,000-mb and 500-mb cyclone frequencies. Geophys Res Lett 26:2053-2056
    • Knippertz P, Ulbrich U, Speth P (2000) Changing cyclones and surface wind speeds over North Atlantic and Europe in a transient GHG experiment. Clim Res 15:109-122
    • König W, Sausen R, Sielmann F (1993) Objective identification of cyclones in GCM simulations. J Clim 6:2217-2231
    • Lambert SJ (1988) A cyclone climatology of the Canadian climate centre general circulation Model. J Clim 1:109-115
    • Lambert SJ (1995) The effect of enhanced greenhouse warming on winter cyclone frequencies and strengths. J Clim 8:1447-1452
    • Lambert SJ (2004) Changes in winter cyclone frequencies and strengths in transient enhanced greenhouse warming simulations using two coupled climate models. Atmosphere-Ocean 42:173-181
    • Lambert SJ, Fyfe JC (2006) Changes in winter cyclone frequencies and strengths simulated in enhanced greenhouse warming experiments: results from the models participating in the IPCC diagnostic exercise. Clim Dyn 26:713-728
    • Lambert SJ, Sheng J, Boyle J (2002) Winter cyclone frequencies in thirteen models participating in the Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP1). Clim Dyn 19:1-16
    • Le Treut H, Kalnay E (1990) Comparison of observed and simulated cyclone frequency distribution as determined by an objective method. Atmosphera 3:57-71
    • Leckebusch GC, Ulbrich U (2004) On the relationship between cyclones and extreme windstorms over Europe under climate change. Glob Planet Change 44:181-193
    • Leckebusch GC, Koffi B, Ulbrich U, Pinto JG, Spangehl T, Zacharias S (2006) Analysis of frequency and intensity of winter storm events in Europe on synoptic and regional scales from a multimodel perspective. Clim Res 31:59-74
    • Leckebusch GC, Ulbrich U, Fröhlich EL, Pinto JG (2007) Property loss potentials for European mid-latitude storms in a changing climate. Geophys Res Lett 34:L05703. doi:10.1029/ 2006GL027663
    • Leslie LM, Leplastrier M, Buckley BW, Qi L (2005) Climatology of meteorological “bombs” in the New Zealand region. Meteorol Atmos Phys 89:207-214
    • Lim E-P, Simmonds I (2002) Explosive cyclone development in the southern hemisphere and a comparison with northern hemisphere events. Mon Wea Rev 130:2188-2209
    • Lim E-P, Simmonds I (2007) Southern hemisphere winter extratropical cyclone characteristics and vertical organization observed with the ERA-40 data in 1979-2001. J Clim 20:2675-2690
    • Lionello P, Dalan F, Elvini E (2002) Cyclones in the Mediterranean region: the present and the doubled CO2 climate scenarios. Clim Res 22:147-159
    • Lionello P, Boldrin U, Giorgi F (2008) Future changes in cyclone climatology over Europe as inferred from a regional climate simulation. Clim Dyn 30:657-671
    • Löptien U, Zolina O, Gulev SK, Latif M, Soloviov V (2008) Cyclone life cycle characteristics over the northern hemisphere in coupled GCMs. Clim Dyn 31:507-532
    • Luksch U, Raible CC, Blender R, Fraedrich K (2005) Decadal cyclone variability in the North Atlantic. Meteorol Z 14:747-753
    • Maheras P, Flocas H, Patrikas I, Anagnostopoulou C (2001) A 40- year objective climatology of surface cyclones in the Mediterranean region: spatial and temporal distribution. Int J Climatol 21:109-130
    • Mailier PJ, Stephenson DB, Ferro CAT, Hodges KI (2006) Serial clustering of extratropical cyclones. Mon Wea Rev 134:2224-2240
    • Mak M, Deng Y (2007) Diagnostic and dynamical analysis of two outstanding aspects of storm tracks. Dyn Atm Ocean 43:80-99
    • McCabe GJ, Clark MP, Serreze MC (2001) Trends in northern hemisphere surface cyclone frequency and intensity. J Clim 14:2763-2768
    • Meehl GA, Stocker TF, Collins WD, Friedlingstein P, Gaye AT, Gregory JM, Kitoh A, Knutti R, Murphy JM, Noda A, Raper SCB, Watterson IG, Weaver AJ, Zhao Z-C (2007) Global climate projections. In: Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen Z, Marquis M, Averyt KB, Tignor M, Miller HL (eds) Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Contribution of working group I to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
    • Murray RJ, Simmonds I (1991) A numerical scheme for tracking cyclone centres from digital data. Part I: development and operation of the scheme. Aust Meteorol Mag 39:155-166
    • Musculus M, Jacob D (2005) Tracking cyclones in regional model data: the future of Mediterranean storms. Adv Geosciences 2:13-19
    • Newton CW (2004) Associations between twice-yearly oscillations of the North pacific cyclone track and upper-tropospheric circulations over the eastern hemisphere. Mon Wea Rev 132:348-367
    • Notaro M, Wang WC, Gong W (2006) Model and observational analysis of the northeast US regional climate and its relationship to the PNA and NAO patterns during early winter. Mon Wea Rev 134:3479-3505
    • Orlanski I (2005) A new look at the Pacific storm track variability: sensitivity to tropical SSTs and upstream seeding. J Atmos Sci 62:1367-1390
    • Paciorek JC, Risbey JS, Ventura V, Rosen RD (2002) Multiple indices of northern hemisphere cyclonic activity, winters 1949-99. J Clim 15:1573-1590
    • Pezza AB, Ambrizzi T (2003) Variability of southern hemisphere cyclone and anticyclone behaviour: further analysis. J Clim 16:1075-1083
    • Pezza AB, Simmonds I, Renwick JA (2007) Southern hemisphere cyclones and anticyclones: recent trends and links with decadal variability in the Pacific Ocean. Int J Climatol 27:1403-1419
    • Picornell MA, Jansà A, Genovés A, Campins J (2001) Automated database of mesocyclones from the Hirlam (INM)-0,5° analyses in the Western Mediterranean. Int J Climatol 21:335-354
    • Pinto JG, Spangehl T, Ulbrich U, Speth P (2005) Sensitivities of a cyclone detection and tracking algorithm: individual tracks and climatology. Meteorol Z 14:823-838
    • Pinto JG, Spangehl T, Ulbrich U, Speth P (2006) Assessment of winter cyclone activity in a transient ECHAM4-OPYC3 GHG experiment. Meteorol Z 15:279-291
    • Pinto JG, Brücher T, Fink AH, Krüger A (2007a) Extraordinary snow accumulations over parts of central Europe during the winter of 2005/06 and weather-related hazards. Weather 62:16-21
    • Pinto JG, Fröhlich EL, Leckebusch GC, Ulbrich U (2007b) Changes in storm loss potentials over Europe under modified climate conditions in an ensemble of simulations of ECHAM5/MPIOM1. Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci 7:165-175
    • Pinto JG, Ulbrich U, Leckebusch GC, Spangehl T, Reyers M, Zacharias S (2007c) Changes in storm track and cyclone activity in three SRES ensemble experiments with the ECHAM5/MPIOM1 GCM. Clim Dyn 29:195-210
    • Pinto JG, Zacharias S, Fink AH, Leckebusch GC, Ulbrich U (2008) Environmental factors contributing to the development of extreme cyclones and their relationship with NAO. Clim Dyn, published online. doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0396-4
    • Raible CC (2007) On the relation between extremes of midlatitude cyclones and the atmospheric circulation using ERA40. Geophys Res Lett 34:L07703. doi:10.1029/2006GL029084
    • Raible CC, Blender R (2004) North hemisphere midlatitude cyclone variability in GCM-simulations in different ocean representations. Clim Dyn 22:239-248
    • Raible CC, Yoshimori M, Stocker TF, Casty C (2007) Extreme midlatitude cyclones and their implications to precipitation and wind speed extremes in simulations of the maunder minimum versus present day conditions. Clim Dyn 28:409-423
    • Raible CC, Della-Marta P, Schwierz C, Wernli H, Blender R (2008) Northern hemisphere extratropical cyclones: a comparison of detection and tracking methods and different reanalyses. Mon Wea Rev 136:880-897
    • Rice J (1982) The Derivation of Computer-based Synoptic Climatology of Southern Hemisphere Extratropical Cyclones. Honours Thesis. Department of Meteorology. University of Melbourne
    • Robinson DP, Black RX, McDaniel BA (2006) A Siberian precursor to midwinter intraseasonal variability in the North Pacific storm track. Geophys Res Lett 33:L15811. doi:10.1029/2006GL026458
    • Roeckner E, Brokopf R, Esch M, Giorgetta M, Hagemann S, Kornblueh L, Manzini E, Schlese U, Schulzweida U (2006) Sensitivity of simulated climate to horizontal and vertical resolution in the ECHAM5 atmosphere model. J Clim 19:3771-3791
    • Rudeva I, Gulev SK (2007) Climatology of cyclone size characteristics and their changes during the cyclone life cycle. Mon Wea Rev 135:2568-2587
    • Schinke H (1993) On the occurrence of deep cyclones over Europe and the North Atlantic in the period 1930-1991. Contrib Atmos Phys 66:223-237
    • Schneidereit A, Blender R, Fraedrich K, Lunkheit F (2007) Iceland climate and North Atlantic cyclones in ERA40 reanalyses. Meteorol Z 16:17-23
    • Serreze MC (1995) Climatological aspects of cyclone development and decay in the Arctic. Atmos-Ocean 33:1-23
    • Serreze MC, Carse F, Barry RG, Rogers JC (1997) Icelandic Low cyclone activity: climatological features, linkages with the NAO and relationships with recent changes elsewhere in the Northern Hemisphere circulation. J Clim 10:453-464
    • Sickmöller M, Blender R, Fraedrich K (2000) Observed winter cyclone tracks in the northern hemisphere in re-analysed ECMWF data. Q J R Meteorol Soc 126:591-620
    • Simmonds I (2000) Size changes over the life of sea level cyclones in the NCEP reanalysis. Mon Wea Rev 128:4118-4125
    • Simmonds I, Keay K (2000) Variability of Southern Hemisphere Extratropical Cyclone Behaviour, 1958-97. J Clim 13:550-561
    • Simmonds I, Keay K (2002) Surface fluxes of momentum and mechanical energy over the North Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans. Meteorol Atmos Phys 80:1-18
    • Simmonds I, Murray RJ, Leighton RM (1999) A refinement of cyclone tracking methods with data from FROST. Aust Met Mag - Spec Ed:35-49
    • Simmonds I, Keay K, Lim EP (2003) Synoptic activity in the seas around Antarctica. Mon Wea Rev 131:272-288
    • Sinclair MR (1994) An objective cyclone climatology for the southern hemisphere. Mon Wea Rev 122:2239-2256
    • Sinclair MR (1995) A climatology of cyclogenesis for the southern hemisphere. Mon Wea Rev 123:1601-1619
    • Sinclair MR (1997) Objective identification of cyclones and their circulation intensity, and climatology. Weather Forecasting 12:595-612
    • Trenberth KE (1991) Storm tracks in the southern hemisphere. J Atmos Sci 48:2159-2178
    • Trenberth KE, Jones PD, Ambenje P, Bojariu R, Easterling D, Klein Tank A, Parker D, Rahimzadeh F, Renwick JA, Rusticucci M, Soden B, Zhai P (2007) Global climate projections. In: Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen Z, Marquis M, Averyt KB, Tignor M, Miller HL (eds) Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Contribution of working group I to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
    • Trigo IF (2006) Climatology and interannual variability of stormtracks in the Euro-Atlantic sector: a comparison between ERA-40 and NCEP/NCAR reanalyses. Clim Dyn 26:127-143
    • Trigo IF, Davies TD, Bigg GR (1999) Objective climatology of cyclones in the Mediterranean region. J Clim 12:1685-1696
    • Ulbrich U, Christoph M (1999) A shift of the NAO and increasing storm track activity over Europe due to anthropogenic greenhouse gas forcing. Clim Dyn 15:551-559
    • Ulbrich U, Fink AH, Klawa M, Pinto JG (2001) Three extreme storms over Europe in December 1999. Weather 56:70-80
    • Ulbrich U, Brücher T, Fink AH, Leckebusch GC, Krüger A, Pinto JG (2003) The central European floods in August 2002. Part II: synoptic causes and considerations with respect to climate change. Weather 58:434-442
    • Ulbrich U, Pinto JG Kupfer H, Leckebusch GC, Spangehl T, Reyers M (2008) Northern Hemisphere storm tracks in an ensemble of IPCC climate change simulations. J Clim 21:1669-1679
    • Van Bebber WJ (1891) Die Zugstraßen der barometrischen Minima nach den Bahnenkarten der Deutsche Seewarte für den Zeitraum 1875-1890. Meteorol Z 8:361-366
    • Wallace JM, Gutzler DS (1981) Teleconnections in the geopotential height field during the Northern Hemisphere winter. Mon Wea Rev 109:784-812
    • Wallace JM, Lim G, Blackmon ML (1988) Relationship between cyclone tracks, anticyclone tracks and barocline wave guides. J Atmos Sci 45:439-462
    • Walter K, Graf H-F (2005) The North Atlantic variability structure, storm tracks, and precipitation depending on the polar vortex strength. Atmos Chem Phys 5:239-248
    • Wang XLL, Swail VR, Zwiers FW (2006a) Climatology and changes of extratropical cyclone activity: comparison of ERA40 with NCEP-NCAR reanalysis for 1958-2001. J Clim 19:3145-3166
    • Wang XLL, Swail VR, Zwiers FW (2006b) Observed changes in cyclone activity in Canada and their relationships to major circulation regimes. J Clim 19:895-906
    • Watterson IG (2006) The intensity of precipitation during extratropical cyclones in global warming simulations: a link to cyclone intensity? Tellus 58A:82-97
    • Wernli H, Schwierz C (2006) Surface cyclones in the ERA-40 dataset, part I, novel identification method and flobal climatology. J Atmos Sci 63:2486-2507
    • Zhang XD, Walsh JE, Zhang J, Bhatt US, Ikeda M (2004) Climatology and interannual variability of arctic cyclone activity 1948-2002. J Clim 17:2300-2317
    • Zhu XJ, Sun JLK, Liu ZY, Liu QY, Martin HE (2007) A synoptic analysis of the interannual variability of winter cyclone activity in the Aleutian low region. J Clim 20:1523-1538
    • Zolina O, Gulev SK (2002) Improving the accuracy of mapping cyclone numbers and frequencies. Mon Wea Rev 130:748-759
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article