Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Aklin, Michaël; Bayer, Patrick; Harish, S.P.; Urpelainen, Johannes (2013)
Publisher: Elsevier
Languages: English
Types: Article
We examine the relationship between socio-economic factors and public opinion on environmental policies in Brazil, drawing on a survey conducted in June 2012. There are few systematic studies of the determinants of environmental preferences in emerging economies, and Brazil is a particularly interesting case because of its democratic political system, rapid economic growth, and importance for the global environment. In general, we find that the Brazilian public is highly supportive of environmental protection. To explain variation in environmental preferences, we focus on the effects of income and education. Many previous studies suggest that both should have positive effects, but the empirical evidence is mixed. Indeed, we find that income has no effect on environmental preferences. However, education is a strong predictor of environmental preferences. While college education is not necessary for environmental awareness, there is a large difference between Brazilians with primary and secondary education. For policy, the findings imply that investment in secondary education can raise environmental awareness, regardless of income levels.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Aklin, Michae¨l, and Johannes Urpelainen. 2013. “Debating Clean Energy: Frames, Counter Frames, and Audiences.” Forthcoming, Global Environmental Change.
    • Aldy, Joseph E., Matthew J. Kotchen, and Anthony A. Leiserowitz. 2012. “Willingness to Pay and Political Support for a US National Clean Energy Standard.” Nature Climate Change 2 (8): 596-599.
    • Aldy, Joseph E., and Robert N. Stavins, eds. 2007. Architectures for Agreement: Addressing Global Climate Change in the Post-Kyoto World. New York: Cambridge University Press.
    • Anderson, Larry G. 2009. “Ethanol Fuel Use in Brazil: Air Quality Impacts.” Energy & Environmental Science 2: 1015-1037.
    • Araujo, Claudio, Catherine Araujo Bonjean, Jean-Louis Combes, Pascale Combes Motel, and Eustaquio J. Reis. 2009. “Property Rights and Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon.” Ecological Economics 68 (8-9): 2461-2468.
    • Arcury, Thomas A. 1990. “Environmental Attitude and Environmental Knowledge.” Human Organization 49 (4): 300-304.
    • Bechtel, Michael M., Thomas Bernauer, and Reto Meyer. 2011. “The Green Side of Protectionism: Environmental Concerns and Three Facets of Trade Policy Preferences.” Review of International Political Economy .
    • Bernauer, Thomas, and Vally Koubi. 2009. “Effects of Political Institutions on Air Quality.” Ecological Economics 68 (5): 1355-1365.
    • Bloom, David E. 1995. “International Public Opinion on the Environment.” Science 269 (5222): 354-358.
    • Brereton, Finbarr, J. Peter Clinch, and Susana Ferreira. 2008. “Happiness, Geography, and the Environment.” Ecological Economics 65 (2): 386-396.
    • Brown, Valerie A., John A. Harris, and Jacqueline Y. Russell. 2010. Tackling Wicked Problems. London: Earthscan.
    • Cavendish, William. 2000. “Empirical Regularities in the Poverty-Environment Relationship of Rural Households: Evidence from Zimbabwe.” World Development 28 (11): 1979-2003.
    • Cotgrove, Stephen, and Andrew Duff. 1981. “Environmentalism, Values, and Social Change.” British Journal of Sociology 32 (1): pp. 92-110.
    • Dasgupta, S., B. Laplante, H. Wang, and D. Wheeler. 2002. “Confronting the Environmental Kuznets Curve.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 16 (1): 147-168.
    • Dasgupta, Susmita, Kirk Hamilton, Kiran D. Pandey, and David Wheeler. 2006. “Environment During Growth: Accounting for Governance and Vulnerability.” World Development 34 (9): 1597-1611.
    • Diekmann, Andreas, and Axel Franzen. 1999. “The Wealth of Nations and Environmental Concern.” Environment and Behavior 31 (4): 540-549.
    • Downs, Anthony. 1957. An Economic Theory of Democracy. New York: Harper.
    • Dunlap, Riley E., and Angela G. Mertig. 1995. “Global Concern for the Environment: Is Affluence a Prerequisite?” Journal of Social Issues 51 (4): 121-137.
    • Dunlap, Riley E., Kent D. Van Liere, Angela G. Mertig, and Robert Emmet Jones. 2000. “New Trends in Measuring Environmental Attitudes: Measuring Endorsement of the New Ecological Paradigm: A Revised NEP Scale.” Journal of Social Issues 56 (3): 425-442.
    • Erikson, Robert S., Gerald C. Wright, and John P. McIver. 1994. Statehouse Democracy: Public Opinion and Policy in the American States. New York: Cambridge University Press.
    • Franzen, Axel. 2003. “Environmental Attitudes in International Comparison: An Analysis of the ISSP Surveys 1993 and 2000.” Social Science Quarterly 84 (2): 297-308.
    • Franzen, Axel, and Reto Meyer. 2010. “Environmental Attitudes in Cross-National Perspective: A Multilevel Analysis of the ISSP 1993 and 2000.” European Sociological Review 26 (2): 219-234.
    • Galeotti, Marzio, Alessandro Lanza, and Francesco Pauli. 2006. “Reassessing the Environmental Kuznets Curve for CO2 Emissions: A Robustness Exercise.” Ecological Economics 57 (1): 152- 163.
    • Grossman, Gene M., and Alan B. Krueger. 1995. “Economic Growth and the Environment.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 110 (2): 353-377.
    • Himmelfarb, Samuel, and Carl Lickteig. 1982. “Social Desirability and the Randomized Response Technique.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 43 (4): 710-717.
    • Hochstetler, Kathryn, and Margaret E. Keck. 2007. Greening Brazil: Environmentalism in State and Society. Durham: Duke University Press.
    • Hotte, Louis, and Stanley L. Winer. 2012. “Environmental Regulation and Trade Openness in the Presence of Private Mitigation.” Journal of Development Economics 97 (1): 46-57.
    • Ignatow, Gabriel. 2005. “Economic dependency and environmental attitudes in Turkey.” Environmental Politics 14 (5): 648-666.
    • Inglehart, Ronald. 1995. “Public Support for Environmental Protection: Objective Problems and Subjective Values in 43 Societies.” PS: Political Science and Politics 28 (1): 57-72.
    • Inglehart, Ronald. 1997. Modernization and Postmoderinzation: Cultural, Economic, and Political Change in 43 Societies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    • Johnson, Ken. 2001. “Brazil and the Politics of the Climate Change Negotiations.” Journal of Environment and Development 10 (2): 178-206.
    • Kahan, Dan M., Ellen Peters, Maggie Wittlin, Paul Slovic, Lisa Larrimore Quellette, Donald Braman, and Gregory Mandel. 2012. “The Polarizing Impact of Science Literacy and Numeracy on Perceived Climate Change Risks.” Nature Climate Change doi:10.1038/nclimate1547.
    • Kemmelmeier, Markus, Grzegorz Kro´ l, and Young Hun Kim. 2002. “Values, Economics, and Proenvironmental Attitudes in 22 Societies.” Cross-Cultural Research 36 (3): 256-285.
    • Knight, Kyle W., and Benjamin L. Messer. 2012. “Environmental Concern in Cross-National Perspective: The Effects of Affluence, Environmental Degradation, and World Society.” Social Science Quarterly 93 (2): 521-537.
    • Lax, Jeffrey R., and Justin H. Phillips. 2009. “Gay Rights in the States: Public Opinion and Policy Responsiveness.” American Political Science Review 103 (3): 367-386.
    • Liere, Kent D. Van, and Riley E. Dunlap. 1980. “The Social Bases of Environmental Concern: A Review of Hypotheses, Explanations and Empirical Evidence.” Public Opinion Quarterly 44 (2): 181-197.
    • Liu, Jing, Zhiyun Ouyang, and Hong Miao. 2010. “Environmental attitudes of stakeholders and their perceptions regarding protected area-community conflicts: A case study in China.” Journal of Environmental Management 91 (11): 2254 - 2262.
    • Martinelli, Luiz A., and Solange Filoso. 2008. “Expansion of Sugarcane Ethanol Production in Brazil: Environmental and Social Challenges.” Ecological Applications 18 (4): 885-898.
    • Meadows, Donella H., Jorgen Randers, and Dennis L. Meadows. 2004. Limits to Growth: The 30-Year Update. White River Jct.: Chelsea Green.
    • Page, Benjamin I., and Robert Y. Shapiro. 1983. “Effects of Public Opinion on Policy.” American Political Science Review 77 (1): 175-190.
    • Rabe, Barry, and Christopher Borick. 2009. “Public Opinion and Climate Change: Analysis of the Virginia Climate Survey.” Virginia Environmental Law Journal 27 (3): 177-203.
    • Roberts, J. Timmons, and Bradley C. Parks. 2007. A Climate of Injustice: Global Inequality, NorthSouth Politics, and Climate Policy. Cambridge: MIT Press.
    • Rothman, Dale S. 1998. “Environmental Kuznets Curves-Real Progress or Passing the Buck? A Case for Consumption-Based Approaches.” Ecological Economics 25 (2): 177-194.
    • Samuels, David. 2006. “Sources of Mass Partisanship in Brazil.” Latin American Politics and Society 48 (2): 1-27.
    • Shukla, J., C. Nobre, and P. Sellers. 1990. “Amazon Deforestation and Climate Change.” Science 247 (4948): 1322-1325.
    • Simon, Herbert A. 1997. Models of Bounded Rationality. Vol. 3 Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    • Stern, Paul C., Thomas Dietz, and Linda Kalof. 1993. “Value Orientations, Gender, and Environmental Concern.” Environment and Behavior 25 (5): 322-348.
    • Tranter, Bruce. 1997. “Environmentalism and education in Australia.” Environmental Politics 6 (2): 123-143.
    • Zelezny, Lynnette C., Poh-Pheng Chua, and Christina Aldrich. 2000. “New Ways of Thinking about Environmentalism: Elaborating on Gender Differences in Environmentalism.” Journal of Social Issues 56 (3): 443-457.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Download from

Cite this article