Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Campanile, D.; Nambiar, C.G.; Bishop, P.; Widdowson, M.; Brown, R. (2007)
Publisher: Blackwell
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: QE, GB
The Konkan and Kerala Basins constitute a major depocentre for sediment from the onshore hinterland of Western India and as such provide a valuable record of the timing and magnitude of Cenozoic denudation along the continental margin. This paper presents an analysis of sedimentation in the Konkan-Kerala Basin, coupledwith a mass balance study, and numerical modelling of flexural responses to onshore denudational unloading and o¬°shore sediment loading in order to test competing conceptual models for the development of high-elevation passive margins. The Konkan-Kerala Basin contains an estimated 109,000 km3; of Cenozoic clastic sediment, a volume difficult to reconcile with the denudation of a downwarped rift flank onshore, and more consistent with denudation of an elevated rift flank. We infer from modelling of the isostatic response of the lithosphere to sediment loading offshore and denudation onshore that flexure is an important component in the development of the Western Indian Margin.There is evidence for two major pulses in sedimentation: an early phase in the Palaeocene, and a second beginning in the Pliocene. The Palaeocene increase in sedimentation can be interpreted in terms of a denudational response to the rifting between India and the Seychelles, whereas the mechanism responsible for the Pliocene pulse is more enigmatic.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • ALLEN, P.A. & ALLEN, J.R. (2005) Basin Analysis. Blackwell Science (UK).
    • AUDEN, J.B. (1949) Dykes in Western India - a Discussion of Their Relationship with the Deccan Traps. Transactions of the National Institute of Science, India, 3, 123-159.
    • BALAKRISHNAN, T.S. (2001) Tectonics of Western India Inferred from Gravity Patterns and Geophysical Exploration. In: Sahyadri, the Great Escarpment of the Indian Subcontinent. Patterns of Landscape Development in the Western Ghats (Ed. by Y. Gunnell & B. P. Radhakrishna), 271-278. Geological Society of India, Bangalore.
    • BECKINSALE, R.D., DRURY, S.A. & HOLT, R.W. (1980) 3,360-Myr Old Gneisses from the South Indian Craton. Nature, 283, 469-470.
    • BESSE, J. & COURTILLOT, V. (1988) Paleogeographic Maps of the Continents Bordering the Indian Ocean since the Early Jurassic. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth and Planets, 93, 11791-11808.
    • BESSE, J. & COURTILLOT, V. (1991) Revised and Synthetic Apparent Polar Wander Paths of the African, Eurasian, North American and Indian Plates, and True Polar Wander since 200 Ma. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth and Planets, 96, 4029-4050.
    • BRAUN, J. & VAN DER BEEK, P. (2004) Evolution of Passive Margin Escarpments: What Can We Learn from Low-Temperature Thermochronology? Journal Of Geophysical Research-Earth Surface, 109.
    • BROWN, R.W., RUST, D.J., SUMMERFIELD, M.A., GLEADOW, A.J.W. & DE WIT, M.C.J. (1990) An Early Cretaceous Phase of Accelerated Erosion on the South-Western Margin of Africa: Evidence from Apatite Fission Track Analysis and the Offshore Sedimentary Record. Nuclear Tracks and Radiation Measurement, 17, 339-350.
    • BUROV, E. & DIAMENT, M. (1996) Isostasy, Equivalent Elastic Thickness, and Inelastic Rheology of Continents and Oceans. Geology, 24, 419-422.
    • BUROV, E.B. & DIAMENT, M. (1995) The Effective Elastic Thickness (T-E) of Continental Lithosphere - What Does It Really Mean. Journal Of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 100, 3905-3927.
    • CHAND, S. & SUBRAHMANYAM, C. (2003) Rifting between India and Madagascar - Mechanism and Isostasy. Earth And Planetary Science Letters, 210, 317-332.
    • CHANDRASEKHARAM, D. (1985) Structure and Evolution of the Western Continental Margin of India Deduced from Gravity, Seismic, Geomagnetic and Geochronological Studies. Physics of The Earth and Planetary Interiors, 41, 186-198.
    • CHAUBEY, A.K., RAO, D.G., SRINIVAS, K., RAMPRASAD, T., RAMANA, M.V. & SUBRAHMANYAM, V. (2002) Analyses of Multichannel Seismic Reflection, Gravity and Magnetic Data Along a Regional Profile across the Central-Western Continental Margin of India. Marine Geology, 182, 303-323.
    • CLIFT, P.D., SHIMIZU, N., LAYNE, G.D., BLUSZTAJN, J.S., GAEDICKE, C., SCHLUTER, H.U., CLARK, M.K. & AMJAD, S. (2001) Development of the Indus Fan and Its Significance for the Erosional History of the Western Himalaya and Karakoram. Geological Society Of America Bulletin, 113, 1039-1051.
    • COCKBURN, H.A.P., BROWN, R.W., SUMMERFIELD, M.A. & SEIDL, M.A. (2000) Quantifying Passive Margin Denudation and Landscape Development Using a Combined Fission-Track Thermochronology and Cosmogenic Isotope Analysis Approach. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 179, 429-435.
    • COURTILLOT, V., BESSE, J., VANDAMME, D., MONTIGNY, R., JAEGER, J.J. & CAPPETTA, H. (1986) Deccan Flood Basalts at the Cretaceous Tertiary Boundary. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 80, 361-374.
    • COX, K.G. (1980) A Model for Flood Basalt Vulcanism. Journal of Petrology, 21, 629-650.
    • DAS, A., KRISHNASWAMI, S., SARIN, M.M. & PANDE, K. (2005) Chemical Weathering in the Krishna Basin and Western Ghats of the Deccan Traps, India: Rates of Basalt Weathering and Their Controls. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 69, 2067-2084.
    • DESSERT, C., DUPRE, B., FRANCOIS, L.M., SCHOTT, J., GAILLARDET, J., CHAKRAPANI, G. & BAJPAI, S. (2001) Erosion of Deccan Traps Determined by River Geochemistry: Impact on the Global Climate and the Sr-87/Sr-86 Ratio of Seawater. Earth And Planetary Science Letters, 188, 459- 474.
    • DRURY, S.A., HOLT, R.W., VANCLASTEREN, P.C. & BECKINSALE, R.D. (1983) Sm-Nd and Rb-Sr Ages for Archean Rocks in Western Karnataka, South-India. Journal Of The Geological Society Of India, 24, 454-459.
    • GHOSH, B.N. & ZUTSHI, P.L. (1989) Indian West Coast Shelf Break Tectonic Features. Geological Survey of India Special Publication, 24, 309-318.
    • GILCHRIST, A.R. & SUMMERFIELD, M.A. (1990) Differential Denudation and Flexural Isostasy in Formation of Rifted Margin Upwarps. Nature, 346, 739-742.
    • GILCHRIST, A.R. & SUMMERFIELD, M.A. (1994) Tectonic Models of Passive Margin Evolution and Their Implications for Theories of Long-Term Landscape Development. In: Process Modles and Theoretical Geomorphology (Ed. by M. J. Kirkby), 55-84. John Wiley & Son Ltd., Chichester.
    • GILCHRIST, A.R., SUMMERFIELD, M.A. & COCKBURN, H.A.P. (1994) Landscape Dissection, Isostatic Uplift, and the Morphologic Development of Orogens. Geology, 22, 963-966.
    • GOMBOS, A.M., POWELL, W.G. & NORTON, I.O. (1995) The Tectonic Evolution of Western India and Its Impact on Hydrocarbon Occurrences - an Overview. Sedimentary Geology, 96, 119-129.
    • GOWD, T.N., RAO, S.V.S. & GAUR, V.K. (1992) Tectonic Stress-Field in the Indian Subcontinent. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 97, 11879-11888.
    • GUNNELL, Y. (1997) Relief and Climate in South Asia: The Influence of the Western Ghats on the Current Climate Pattern of Peninsular India. International Journal of Climatology, 17, 1169- 1182.
    • GUNNELL, Y. (1998) The Interaction between Geological Structure and Global Tectonics in Multistoreyed Landscape Development: A Denudation Chronology of the South Indian Shield. Basin Research, 10, 281-310.
    • GUNNELL, Y. & FLEITOUT, L. (1998) Shoulder Uplift of the Western Ghats Passive Margin, India: A Denudational Model. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 23, 391-404.
    • GUNNELL, Y. & FLEITOUT, L. (2000) Morphotectonic Evolution of the Western Ghats, India. In: Geomorphology and Global Tectonics (Ed. by M. A. Summerfield), 321-338. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester.
    • GUNNELL, Y. (2001a) Dynamics and Kinematics of Rifting and Uplift at the Western Continental Margin of India: Insights from Geophysical and Numerical Models. Geological Society of India, Bangalore, 47, 475-496.
    • GUNNELL, Y. (2001b) Fluvial Routing Systems and the Signatures of Onshore Denudation in the Offshore Sedimentary Record of Western India. Geological Society Of India, 47, 279-293.
    • GUNNELL, Y. & RADHAKRISHNA, B.P. (2001) Sahyadri, the Great Escarpment of the Indian Subcontinent. Patterns of Landscape Development in the Western Ghats. Geological Society of India, Bangalore.
    • GUNNELL, Y., GALLAGHER, K., CARTER, A., WIDDOWSON, M. & HURFORD, A.J. (2003) Denudation History of the Continental Margin of Western Peninsular India since the Early Mesozoic - Reconciling Apatite Fission-Track Data with Geomorphology. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 215, 187-201.
    • HETENYI, M. (1946) Beams on Elastic Foundation. The University of Michigan Press.
    • HOOPER, P.R. (1990) The Timing of Crustal Extension and the Eruption of Continental Flood Basalts. Nature, 345, 246-249.
    • JERRAM, D.A. & WIDDOWSON, M. (2005) The Anatomy of Continental Flood Basalt Provinces: Geological Constraints on the Processes and Products of Flood Volcanism. Lithos, 79, 385-405.
    • JOSEPH, S. & NAMBIAR, C.G. (1996) Alkaline Nature and Taphrogenetic Affinity of Felsic Volcanic Rocks of St Mary Islands, Off Mangalore Coast. Current Science, 70, 858-860.
    • KALASWAD, S., RODEN, M.K., MILLER, D.S. & MORISAWA, M. (1993) Evolution of the ContinentalMargin of Western India - New Evidence from Apatite Fission-Track Dating. Journal Of Geology, 101, 667-673.
    • KEAREY, P. & VINE, F.J. (1996) Global Tectonics. Blackwell Science, Oxford.
    • KESSARKAR, P.M., RAO, V.P., AHMAD, S.M. & BABU, G.A. (2003) Clay Minerals and Sr-Nd Isotopes of the Sediments Along the Western Margin of India and Their Implication for Sediment Provenance. Marine Geology, 202, 55-69.
    • KING, L.C. (1955) Pediplanation and Isostasy: An Example from South Africa. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 111, 353-359.
    • KING, L.C. (1967) The Morphology of the Earth (2nd Edn.). Olliver & Boyd, Edinburgh.
    • KOLLA, V. & COUMES, F. (1990) Extension of Structural and Tectonic Trends from the Indian Subcontinent into the Eastern Arabian Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 7, 188-196.
    • KOOI, H. & BEAUMONT, C. (1994) Escarpment Evolution on High Elevation Rifted Margins - Insights Derived from a Surface Processes Model That Combines Diffusion, Advection, and Reaction. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 99, 12191-12209.
    • KRISHNAN, M.S. (1960) Geology of India and Burma (4th Edn). Higginbothams Ltd. Madras.
    • MATHUR, R.B. & NAIR, K.R. (1993) Exploration of the Bombay Offshore Basin. Processess of the Second Seminar on Petroleum Basins of India. KDMIPE and ONGC, 2, 365-396.
    • MATMON, A., BIERMAN, P. & ENZEL, Y. (2002) Pattern and Tempo of Great Escarpment Erosion. Geology, 30, 1135-1138.
    • MCHARGUE, T.R. & WEBB, J.E. (1986) Internal Geometry, Seismic Facies, and Petroleum Potential of Canyons and Inner Fan Channels of the Indus Submarine Fan. Aapg Bulletin-American Association Of Petroleum Geologists, 70, 161-180.
    • MCKENZIE, D. & SCLATER, J.G. (1971) Evolution of Indian Ocean since Late Cretaceous. Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, 24, 437-&.
    • MCKENZIE, D. (1978) Some Remarks on Development of Sedimentary Basins. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 40, 25-32.
    • MILES, P.R. & ROEST, W.R. (1993) Earliest Sea Floor Spreading Magnetic Anomalies in the North Arabian Sea and the Ocean-Continent Transition. Geophysical Journal International, 115, 1025-1031.
    • MOLNAR, P. (2004) Late Cenozoic Increase in Accumulation Rates of Terrestrial Sediment: How Might Climate Change Have Affected Erosion Rates? Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences., 32, 67-89.
    • NAINI, B.R. & TALWANI, M. (1982) Structural Framework and the Evolutionary History of the Continental Margin of Western India. In: Studies in Continental Margin Geology (Ed. by J. S. Watkins & C. L. Drake), 34, 167-191. Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol. Mem.
    • NAIR, K.M., PADMALAL, D. & KUMARAN, K.P.N. (2006) Quaternary Geology of South Kerala Sedimentary Basin - an Outline. Journal Of The Geological Society Of India, 67, 165-179.
    • NAQVI, S.M. & ROGERS, J.J.W. (1987) Precambrian Geology of India. Oxford Monographs on Geology and Geophysics. In: Oxford Monographs on Geology and Geophysics (Ed. by, No. 6. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
    • NORTON, I.O. & SCLATER, J.G. (1979) Model for the Evolution of the Indian-Ocean and the Breakup of Gondwanaland. Journal Of Geophysical Research, 84, 6803-6830.
    • OLLIER, C.D. (1982) Geomorphology and Tectonics of the Dorrigo Plateau, Nsw. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 29, 431-435.
    • OLLIER, C.D. (1985) Morphotectonics of Passive Continental Margins: Introduction. Zeitschrift Fur Geomorphologie Supplement-band, 54, 1-9.
    • OLLIER, C.D. & PAIN, C.F. (1997) Equating the Basal Unconformity with the Palaeoplain: A Model for Passive Margins. Geomorphology, 19, 1-15.
    • PANDE, K., SHETH, H.C. & BHUTANI, R. (2001) Ar-40-Ar-39 Age of the St. Mary's Islands Volcanics, Southern India: Record of India-Madagascar Break-up on the Indian Subcontinent. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 193, 39-46.
    • PASCOE, E.H. (1964) A Manual of the Geology of India and Burma. Government of India Press, Calcutta.
    • PAZZAGLIA, F.J. & GARDNER, T.W. (1994) Late Cenozoic Flexural Deformation of the Middle U.S. Atlantic Passive Margin. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 12143-12157.
    • PAZZAGLIA, F.J. & BRANDON, M.T. (1996) Macrogeomorphic Evolution of the Post-Triassic Appalachian Mountains Determined by Deconvolution of the Offshore Basin Sedimentary Record. Basin Research, 8, 255-278.
    • PERSANO, C., STUART, F.M. & BISHOP, P. (2002) Low-T Thermochronology Constraints on the Development of the Australian Great Escarpment. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 66, A593-A593.
    • PERSANO, C., STUART, F.M., BISHOP, P. & DEMPSTER, T.J. (2005) Deciphering Continental Breakup in Eastern Australia Using Low-Temperature Thermochronometers. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 110.
    • PLUMMER, P.S. & BELLE, E.R. (1995) Mesozoic Tectonostratigraphic Evolution of the Seychelles Microcontinent. Sedimentary Geology, 96, 73-91.
    • PRASAD, M.B.K. & RAMANATRAN, A.L. (2005) Solute Sources and Processes in the Achankovil River Basin, Western Ghats, Southern India. Hydrological Sciences Journal-Journal Des Sciences Hydrologiques, 50, 341-354.
    • RADHAKRISHNA, B.P. (1967) The Western Ghats of the Indian Peninsula. Proc. seminars on geomorphological studies in India, Nov, 1965, 5-13.
    • RADHAKRISHNA, B.P. (1993) Neogene Uplift and Geomorphic Rejuvenation of the Indian Peninsula. Current Science, 64, 787-792.
    • RAJU, D.S.N., BHANDARI, A. & RAMESH, P. (1999) Relative Sea Level Fluctuations During Cretaceous and Cenozoic in India. Bulletin ONGC, 36, 185-202.
    • RAO, P.R. & SRIVASTAVA, D.C. (1984) Regional Seismic Facies Analysis of Western Offshore India. Bulletin of ONGC, 21, 83-96.
    • RAO, S.V., DASGUPTA, D.K., BHUSHAN, K.S., SRINIVAS, M.S. & GHOSH, D.R. (2002) Sedimentary Processes and Structural Framework of Konkan Basin - Western Offshore, India. Geological Survey of India Special Publication, 76, 43-52.
    • RAO, V.P. & RAO, B.R. (1995) Provenance and Distribution of Clay Minerals in the Sediments of the Western Continental Shelf and Slope of India. Continental Shelf Research, 15, 1757-1771.
    • RAO, V.P. & WAGLE, B.G. (1997) Geomorphology and Surficial Geology of the Western Continental Shelf and Slope of India: A Review. Current Science, 73, 330-350.
    • REEVES, C. & DE WIT, M. (2000) Making Ends Meet in Gondwana: Retracing the Transforms of the Indian Ocean and Reconnecting Continental Shear Zones. Terra Nova, 12, 272-280.
    • RUST, D.J. & SUMMERFIELD, M.A. (1990) Isopach and Borehole Data as Indicators of Rifted Margin Evolution in Southwestern Africa. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 7, 277-287.
    • SCHLICH, R. (1982) The Indian-Ocean - Aseismic Ridges, Spreading Centers, and Oceanic Basins. Ocean Basins and Margins, 6, 51-147.
    • SEIDL, M.A., WEISSEL, J.K. & PRATSON, L.F. (1996) The Kinematics and Pattern of Escarpment Retreat across the Rifted Continental Margin of Se Australia. Basin Research, 8, 301-316.
    • SINGH, N.K. & LAL, N.K. (1993) Geology and Petroleum Prospects of Konkan-Kerala Basin. In: Proc. Second Seminar on Petroliferous Basins of India, (Ed. by S. K. Biswas), 2, 461-469. Indian petroleum Publishers, Dehra Dun, India.
    • SINGH, R.P., RAWAT, S. & CHANDRA, K. (1999) Hydrocarbon Potential in Indian Deep Waters. Exploration Geophysics, 30, 83-95.
    • STEPHEN, J., SINGH, S.B. & YEDEKAR, D.B. (2004) Evidence of Low Lithospheric Strength for the South Indian Shield. Deep continental studies in India, 14, 22-24.
    • STOREY, B.C. (1995) The Role of Mantle Plumes in Continental Breakup: Case Histories from Gondwanaland. Nature, 377, 301.
    • STUWE, K. (2001) Geodynamics of the Lithosphere. Springer.
    • SUBRAHMANYAM, V., KRISHNA, K.S., MURTHY, G.P.S., RAO, D.G., RAMANA, M.V. & RAO, M.G. (1994) Structural Interpretation of the Konkan Basin, Southwestern Continental Margin of India, Based on Magnetic and Bathymetric Data. Geo-Marine Letters, 14, 1432-1457.
    • SUBRAHMANYAM, V., RAO, D.G., RAMANA, M.V., KRISHNA, K.S. & RAO, M.G. (1995) Structure and Tectonics of the Southwestern Continental Margin of India. Tectonophysics, 249, 267-282.
    • SUMMERFIELD, M.A. (1991) Global Geomorphology. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
    • THAKUR, N.K. & NAGARAJAN, N. (1992) Geotectonic Remobilization of the Lower Crustal Segment of Southern Peninsular India. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 73, 153-162.
    • TIWARI, V.M. & MISHRA, D.C. (1999) Estimation of Effective Elastic Thickness from Gravity and Topography Data under the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Earth And Planetary Science Letters, 171, 289-299.
    • TUCKER, G.E. & SLINGERLAND, R.L. (1994) Erosional Dynamics, Flexural Isostasy, and Long-Lived Escarpments - a Numerical Modeling Study. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 99, 12229-12243.
    • TURCOTTE, D.L. & SCHUBERT, G. (2002) Geodynamics (2nd Edn). Cambridge University Press.
    • VAIDYANADHAN, R. (1977) Recent Advances in Geomorphic Studies of Peninsular India: A Review. Indian Journal of Earth Science, S. Ray vol., 13-35.
    • WATTS, A.B. (1978) Analysis of Isostasy in the Worlds Oceans.1. Hawaiian-Emperor Seamount Chain. Journal Of Geophysical Research, 83, 5989-6004.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Download from

Cite this article