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Mack, Peter
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: CLL, HIS
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 5· Good counsel and the need for frankness ofspeech are major topics in Sir Thomas Elyot's The Boke named the Governour (London, 1531), printed eight times in the sixteenth century (especially in bk. 3, cha.ps. 28-30).' and in such best-sellers as Lord Berners's Golden Boke ofMarcus Aurelius (London, 1535), w~1ch was pnnted fifteen times; and William Baldwin's A Treatise ofMoral Philosophy (London, 1547), ~nnted seve~teen times. I discuss this topic in more detail in Elizabethan Rhetoric. See also John Guy, The Rhetonc of Counsel in Early Modern England," in Dale Hoak, ed., Tudor Political Culture (Cambridge, 1995), 292-310.
    • 6. T. ~·Hanley, ed., Proceedings in the Parliaments ofElizabeth I, 3 vols. (Leicester, England, 1981-95). On the mcompleteness of the record, see Hartley, Elizabeth's Parliaments; Queen, Lords, and Commons IJJ9-I60I (Manchester, 1992), 8-9. ' 7· Sec, ~or example, the anonymous journal for 14 and 15 May 1572 (Proceedings, 1:319-26), which gives the long tntroductory speech ofThomas Wilbraham and then a terser report of the arguments and replies of the debate.
    • 8. Ibid., 1:244.
    • 9· Whereas reports of Bacon's introductory speeches record elaborate oratory, his replies to petitions are always reported as summaries of points made followed by answers to each point•, see, 6or examp1e, 1'b1'd., 1:42-43, 77-79, 127-28, 171-72, 199, 244-45· proverbs, see Elizabeth McCutcheon, Sir Nicholas Bacon's Grtat House Sententiat, English Littrary Renaissance Supplements (Amherst, Mass., 1977).
    • 71. See text at nn. 55 and 56, above. For examples of proverbs used by Francis Knollys and Queen Elizabeth, see text at nn. 87 and u6, below.
    • 72. John Brinsley, Ludus Littrarius, ed. E. T. Campagnac (Liverpool, 1917), 143-44, 175-76, 182-84; M. T. Crane, Framing Authority (Princeton, N.J., 1993), esp. 3-4, 7-9, 44, 49-52.
    • 73· Cicero recommended the preparation of commonplaces, elaborate paragraphs on moral issues that could be inserted into a speech; De inventiont, 11.15·48-50. The commonplace, Hke the chreia, an elaboration of the meaning ofa smtentia, was among the forms ofcomposition described in one of the most popular textbooks ofsixteenth-century Europe, Aphthonius's Progymnasmata (London, 1575), sigs. M4v-06r.
    • 74· Proceedings, 1:442.
    • 75· Ibid., 3:109.
    • 106. Proatdings, 1:359.
    • 107. Graves, "Management," 24-30; Elton, Parliament, 358- 77; H artley, Elizabtth's Parliaments, 165-66.
    • 108. Procudings, 1:172, 418; Neale, Elizabtthan Houst ofCommons, 409-11; Elton , Parliament, 125- 26.
    • 109. Proceedings, 1:16o-62; Neale, Parliaments, 1:157-58, 221, 273, 419-20; Elton, Parliament, 123.
    • 110. T he notion of what Parliament could properly d iscuss was highly malleable. Tudor monarchs invited Parliament to discuss religion and the succession when it suited their purposes, but Elizabeth wanted such matters discussed only on her terms; Hartley, Elizabtth's Parliaments, 6o.
    • 111. David H arris Sacks, on "The Countervailing of Benefits," considers the "golden speech," especially the gestures (p. 289). Among the considerable literature on Elizabeth's orations are Alison Heisch, "Queen Elizabeth I: Parliamentary Rhetoric and the Exercise of Power," Signs 1 (1975): 31-55; Mary Thomas C rane, "Video etTaceo: Elizabeth I and the Rhetoric of Counsel," Studits in English Littraturt 28 (1988): 1- 15; Frances Teague, "Queen Elizabeth in Her Speeches," in S. P. Cerasano and Marion Wynne-D avies, eds., Gwriana's Face: WOmen, Public and Privatt in the English Renaissanu (H emel H empstead, England, 1992), 63-78; S. Frye, "The Myth of Elizabeth at T ilbury," Sixtunth Century ]ourna/ 23 (1992): 95-114; and Steven W May, "Recent Studies in Elizabeth I," English Literary Rmaissanct 23 (1993): 345-54. For modernized editions and translations, see Elizabtth I- Collecttd WOrks, ed. Leah S. Marcus, Janel Mueller, and Mary Beth Rose (Chicago, 2000).
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