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Stone, Anna (2016)
Publisher: SAGE
Languages: English
Types: Article

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: humanities
Previous research has shown that lay believers in psychic abilities are more\ud prone to intuitive thinking, less inclined to rational thinking, and have an external locus of\ud control, compared to non-believers. Psychic practitioners, however, may have different\ud characteristics. Psychic practitioners (N=31; mean age = 42.7 years, s.d.=13.1), lay believers\ud (N=33; mean age = 33.0 years, s.d.=10.3), and non-believers (N=31; mean age = 34.4 years,\ud s.d.=15.4) completed questionnaires measuring thinking styles, locus of control, and psychic\ud belief. Comparisons of lay believers with non-believers confirmed previous observations;\ud believers had a higher propensity for intuitive thinking, lower propensity for rational thinking,\ud and more external locus of control. In contrast, practitioners were equivalent to non-believers\ud in rational thinking and had the highest internal locus of control. This highlights the\ud importance of considering level of involvement with psychic practice in understanding the\ud thinking styles of believers. Results suggested that practitioners may have rationalised their\ud beliefs and constructed a coherent model of psychic phenomena that satisfies a propensity for\ud rational thinking within a community of belief.
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    • Howell, D.C. (2007) Statistical Methods for Psychology (6th Ed), p203. Belmont, CA, USA: Thomson Wadsworth.
    • Irwin, H.J. (1985) A study of the measurement and correlates of paranormal belief. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 79, 301-326.
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    • McGarry, J. J., & Newberry, B. H. (1981) Beliefs in paranormal phenomena and locus of control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 41, 725-736.
    • Pennycook, G., Cheyne, J. A., Seli, P., Koehler, D. J. & Fugelsang, J. A. (2012) Analytic cognitive style predicts religious and paranormal belief. Cognition, 123, 335-346.
    • Petty, R. E., BriƱol, P., Loersch, C., & McCaslin, M. J. (2009) The Need for Cognition. In M.R. Leary & R.H. Hoyle (Eds) Handbook of Individual Differences in Social behaviour (Chapter 21). New York/London: The Guildford Press. pp. 318-329.
    • Rotter, J. B. (1966). Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychological Monographs: General & Applied, 80, 1-28.
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