Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Hossain, Mohammad; Ahmed, Helal; Chowdhury, Waziul; Niessen, Louis; Alam, Dewan (2014)
Publisher: BioMed Central
Journal: BMC Psychiatry
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Treatment, Research Article, Systematic review, Mental disorders, wa_305, Prevalence, Comorbidity, Service delivery, Management, wm_140, wm_20, Depression, Bangladesh
Background\ud \ud Mental disorders constitute a major public health problem globally with higher burden in low and middle-income countries. In Bangladesh, systematically-collected data on mental disorders are scarce and this leaves the extent of the problem not so well defined. We reviewed the literature on mental health disorders in Bangladesh to summarize the available data and identify evidence gaps.\ud \ud Methods\ud \ud We identified relevant literature on mental disorders within Bangladesh published between 1975 and October, 2013 through a systematic and comprehensive search. Relevant information from the selected articles was extracted and presented in tables.\ud \ud Results\ud \ud We identified 32 articles which met our pre-defined eligibility criteria. The reported prevalence of mental disorders varied from 6.5 to 31.0% among adults and from 13.4 to 22.9% among children. Some awareness regarding mental health disorders exists at community level. There is a negative attitude towards treatment of those affected and treatment is not a priority in health care delivery. Mental health services are concentrated around tertiary care hospitals in big cities and absent in primary care.\ud \ud Conclusions\ud \ud The burden of mental disorders is high in Bangladesh, yet a largely unrecognized and under-researched area. To improve the mental health services in Bangladesh, further well-designed epidemiological and clinical research are needed.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Mathers C, Fat DM, Boerma JT: The global burden of disease: 2004 update. Geneva: WHO press; 2008.
    • 2. Bass JK, Bornemann TH, Burkey M, Chehil S, Chen L, Copeland JRM, Eaton WW, Ganju V, Hayward E, Hock RS, Kidwai R, Kolappa K, Lee PT, Minas H, Or F, Raviola GJ, Saraceno B, Patel V: A United Nations General Assembly Special Session for Mental, Neurological, and Substance Use Disorders: The Time Has Come. PLoS Med 2012, 9(1):e1001159. doi:10.1371/journal. pmed.1001159.
    • 3. Hock RS, Or F, Kolappa K, Burkey MD, Surkan PJ, Eaton WW: A new resolution for global mental health. Lancet 2012, 379(9824):1367-1368. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60243-8.
    • 4. Colton CW, Manderscheid RW: Congruencies in Increased Mortality Rates, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Causes of Death Among Public Mental Health Clients in Eight States. Prev Chronic Dis 2006, 3(2):A42 [http://www. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1563985/pdf/PCD32A42.pdf]
    • 5. Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG, The PRISMA Group: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement. PLoS Med 2009, 6(7):e1000097. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000097.
    • 6. Selim N, Satalkar P: Perceptions of mental illness in a Bangladesh village. BRAC University Journal 2008, 5(1):47-57.
    • 7. Wilce JM: The poetics of “madness”: Shifting codes and styles in the linguistic construction of identity in Matlab, Bangladesh. Cult Anthropol 2000, 15(1):3-34. doi:10.1525/can.2000.15.1.3.
    • 8. Wilce JM: Coping with the Language of Madness in Rural Bangladesh: Aesthetics and Language Ideologies. 1998, 1:13-26 [http://www.sscnet. ucla.edu/CLIC-GSA/journal/1998/wilce1998.pdf]
    • 9. Selim N: Cultural dimensions of depression in Bangladesh: A qualitative study in two villages of Matlab. J Health Popul Nutr 2010, 28(1):95-106 [http:// www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2975851/pdf/jhpn0028-0095.pdf]
    • 10. Noykhovich EY, Bulage PR, Hossain MD: Perceptions of Mental Illness among adolescents in Bagnibari Village. BRAC University Journal 2012, (Special Issue):11-20 [http://sph.bracu.ac.bd/images/Journal/ brac_university_journal_2012.pdf]
    • 11. Rabbani MG, Alam MF, Ahmed HU, Sarkar M, Islam MS, Anwar N, Zaman MM, Chowdhury S, Chowdhury MWA, Das SK, Hamid MA, Islam MT, Mohit MA, Jahan NA, Rahman AHM, Chowdhury S, Chowdhury KP, Wahab MA, Rahman F, Mandal MC, Hossain MD, Bhowmik AD, Bashar MK, Khan NM, Uddin MJ, Khan MZR: Prevalence of mental disorders, mental retardation, epilepsy and substance abuse in children. Bang J Psychiatry 2009, 23(1):1-54.
    • 12. National Institute of Mental Health & Hospital (Bangladesh), WHO Bangladesh: Prevalence, Medical Care, Awareness and Attitude Towards Mental Illness in Bangladesh. In Edited by Karim ME, Zaman MM. 2007:1-27 [http://books. google.com.bd/books/about/Prevalence_Medical_Care_Awareness_and_At. html?id=cixINwAACAAJ&redir_esc=y]
    • 13. Chowdhury AK, Salim M, Sakeb N: Some aspects of psychiatric morbidity in the out-patient population of a general hospital. Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 1975, 1(1):51-59 [http://www.bmrc.org.bd/webAdmin/finalarticle/ AKM%20Nazimuddowla%20Chowdhury%20(51-59).pdf]
    • 14. Alam MN: Psychiatric morbidity in general practice. Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 1978, 4(1):38-42 [http://bmrc.org.bd/webAdmin/finalarticle/MN% 20Islam%20(Page%2038%20-42).pdf]
    • 15. Chowdhury AK, Alam MN, Ali SMK: Dasherkandi project studies. Demography, morbidity and mortality in a rural community of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 1981, 7(1):22-39.
    • 16. Islam MM, Ali M, Ferroni P, Underwood P, Alam MF: Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in an urban community in Bangladesh. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2003, 25(5):353-357. doi:10.1016/S0163-8343(03)00067-7.
    • 17. Karim E, Alam MF, Rahman AHM, Hussain AAM, Uddin MJ, Firoz AHM: Prevalence of Mental Illness in the Community. TAJ 2006, 19(1):18-23 [http://www.banglajol.info/index.php/TAJ/article/download/3163/2662]
    • 18. Monawar Hosain GM, Chatterjee N, Ara N, Islam T: Prevalence, pattern and determinants of mental disorders in rural Bangladesh. Public Health 2007, 121(1):18-24. doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2006.06.018.
    • 19. Ara N, Hossain GMM, Islam MT: Women mental health in rural part of Bangladesh. Bang J Psychiatry 2001, 15(2):5-10.
    • 20. Rabbani MG, Hossain M: Behaviour disorders in urban primary school children in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Public health 1999, 113(5):233-236 [http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0033350699001651/1-s2.0-S0033350699001651-main. pdf?_tid=950c98c8-d4f2-11e3-9375-00000aacb360&acdnat=1399362595_ 11b952cd3f1399d713240dd84746e5c8]
    • 21. Jahan NA, Hasan MK, Mohit MA: Prevalence Of Psychiatric Disorders Among Socially Disadvantaged Children. Bang J Psychiatry 2004, 18(2):27-40.
    • 22. Mullick MSI, Goodman R: Questionnaire screening for mental health problems in Bangladeshi children: a preliminary study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2001, 36(2):94-99. doi:10.1007/s001270050295.
    • 23. Mullick MSI, Goodman R: The prevalence of psychiatric disorders among 5-10 year olds in rural, urban and slum areas in Bangladesh: an exploratory study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2005, 40(8):663-671. doi:10.1007/s00127-005-0939-5.
    • 24. Khan NZ, Ferdous S, Islam R, Sultana A, Durkin M, McConachie H: Behaviour problems in young children in rural Bangladesh. J Trop Pediatr 2008, 55(3):177-182. doi:10.1093/tropej/fmn108.
    • 25. Moussavi S, Chatterji S, Verdes E, Tandon A, Patel V, Ustun B: Depression, chronic diseases, and decrements in health: results from the World Health Surveys. Lancet 2007, 370(9590):851-858. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61415-9.
    • 26. Asghar S, Hussain A, Ali SMK, Khan AKA, Magnusson A: Prevalence of depression and diabetes: A population based study from rural Bangladesh. Diabet Med 2007, 24(8):872-877. doi:10.1111/j.1464-5491.2007.02136.x.
    • 27. Karim ME, Firoz AHM, Alam MF: Assessment of Depression in Parkinson's disease, Psoriasis, Stroke, and Cancer patients. Bang J Psychiatry 2001, 15(2):11-18.
    • 28. Chowdhury NN, Jahan NA, Sobhan MA, Islam H, Islam T, Salam MA, Morshed NM, Chowdhuri NS, Mullick MSI: Psychiatric Morbidity in Hospitalized Cancer Patients. Bang J Psychiatry 2007, 21(1):50-56.
    • 29. Ali M, Firoz AHM, Qusar MMAS, Ahsan SM, Mohsin AS: Psychiatric disorders among patients attending outpatient departments of different disciplines. Bang J Psychiatry 2007, 21(1):39-49.
    • 30. Roy T, Lloyd CE, Parvin M, Mohiuddin KGB, Rahman M: Prevalence of co-morbid depression in out-patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Bangladesh. BMC Psychiatry 2012, 12(1):123. doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-123.
    • 31. Hussain A, Rahim MA, Azad Khan AK, Ali SMK, Vaaler S: Type 2 diabetes in rural and urban population: diverse prevalence and associated risk factors in Bangladesh. Diabet Med 2005, 22(7):931-936. doi:10.1111/j.1464-5491.2005.01558.x.
    • 32. Bhowmik B, Munir SB, Hossain IA, Siddiquee T, Diep LM, Mahmood S, Mahtab H, Khan AK, Hussain A: Prevalence of type 2 diabetes and impaired glucose regulation with associated cardiometabolic risk factors and depression in an urbanizing rural community in bangladesh: a population-based cross-sectional study. Diabetes Metab J 2012, 36(6):422-432. doi:10.4093/dmj.2012.36.6.422.
    • 33. Rahman M, Rahman MA, Flora MS, Rakibuz-Zaman M: Depression and associated factors in diabetic patients attending an urban hospital of Bangladesh. IJCRIMPH 2011, 3(1):65-76 [http://iomcworld.com/ijcrimph/ ijcrimph-v03-n01-07.htm]
    • 34. Giasuddin NA, Chowdhury NF, Hashimoto N, Fujisawa D, Waheed S: Pathways to psychiatric care in Bangladesh. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2012, 47(1):129-136. doi:10.1007/s00127-010-0315-y.
    • 35. Islam H, Noman SZ, Shaheed AYM, Chowdhury NN: Referral Pattern of Patients to a Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic of Dhaka City. Bang J Psychiatry 2008, 22(1):22-28.
    • 36. Islam MT, Uddin MMJ, Ahmed HU, Rabbani MG: Treatment Practices by Traditional Healers in Treatment of Psychiatric Patients - A community centre study. Bang J Psychiatry 2009, 23(2):30-35.
    • 37. Fahmida A, Wahab MA, Rahman MM: Pattern of psychiatric morbidity among the patients admitted in a private psychiatric clinic. BJMS 2009, 8(1-2):23-28 [http://www.banglajol.info/index.php/BJMS/article/viewFile/3186/2681]
    • 38. Rahman AHMM, Khan MZR, Sarkar M, Firoz AHM, Karim ME, Alam MF, Hamid MA: Study of Morbidity and Referral System Psychiatric Private Practice. Bang J Psychiatry 2006, 20(2):43-49.
    • 39. Chowdhury SH, Muztaba S, Hasan A: Referral pattern of psychiatric patients to pabna mental hospital. Ban J Psychiatry 1995, 7(1):9-12.
    • 40. Ahmed HU, Mullick MSI, Alam MF, Nahar JS, Chowdhury NF, Hamid MA, Rabbani MG: Management of Psychotic Depression in Bangladesh. JSPN 2011, SS46-SS50 [https://www.jspn.or.jp/journal/symposium/pdf/jspn106/ ss046-050_bgsdng11.pdf]
    • 41. Mohit MA, Maruf MM, Ahmed H, Alam MT: Depression and Physical Illnesses: an Update. BMJ 2011, 40(1):53-58 [http://www.banglajol.info/ index.php/BMJ/article/viewFile/9966/7403]
    • 42. Jahan NA: Women's Mental Health- their problems, their disorders. Bang J Psychiatry 2001, 15(2):79-83.
    • 43. Islam R, Howard R: Foreign report: Psychiatry in Bangladesh. Psychiatric Bulletin 1993, 17(8):492-494 [http://pb.rcpsych.org/content/17/8/492.full.pdf]
    • 44. Rahman MZ, Sarkar M, Rabhani GM, Alam F, Wahab A, Firoz AHM: Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services in Bangladesh. Bang J Psychiatry 2008, 22(1):59-66.
    • 45. Karim MRF, Shaheed F, Paul S: Psychiatry in Bangladesh. In Bulletin of the Board of International Affairs of the Royal College of Psychiatrists. Edited by Henderson J, Jackson R, Jenkins R, Loza N, Martindale B, Saxena S, Skuse D. Int Psychiatry 2006, 3(3): 16-18. [http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/pdf/ip_jul06.pdf]
    • 46. Math SB, Srinivasaraju R: Indian Psychiatric epidemiological studies: learning from the past. Indian J Psychiatry 2010, 52(Suppl 1):S95-S103. doi:10.4103/0019-5545.69220.
    • 47. Mirza I, Jenkins R: Risk factors, prevalence, and treatment of anxiety and depressive disorders in Pakistan: systematic review. BMJ 2004, 328(7443):794. doi:10.1136/bmj.328.7443.794.
    • 48. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Mental Health and Chronic Diseases. In National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion- Division of Population Health, Volume Issue Brief No. 2012:1-6 [http://www.cdc.gov/nationalhealthyworksite/docs/Issue-Brief-No-2-MentalHealth-and-Chronic-Disease.pdf]
    • 49. Prince M, Patel V, Saxena S, Maj M, Maselko J, Phillips MR, Rahman A: No health without mental health. Lancet 2007, 370(9590):859-877. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61238-0.
    • 50. Anderson RJ, Freedland KE, Clouse RE, Lustman PJ: The prevalence of comorbid depression in adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care 2001, 24(6):1069-1078. doi:10.2337/diacare.24.6.1069.
    • 51. Lustman PJ, Anderson RJ, Freedland KE, De Groot M, Carney RM, Clouse RE: Depression and poor glycemic control: a meta-analytic review of the literature. Diabetes Care 2000, 23(7):934-942. doi:10.2337/diacare.23.7.934.
    • 52. Zahid N, Asghar S, Claussen B, Hussain A: Depression and diabetes in a rural community in Pakistan. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2008, 79(1):124-127. doi:10.1016/j.diabres.2007.07.006.
    • 53. Gadit AAM, Mugford G: Prevalence of depression among households in three capital cities of Pakistan: need to revise the mental health policy. PLoS One 2007, 2(2):e209. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000209.
    • 54. Raval A, Dhanaraj E, Bhansali A, Grover S, Tiwari P: Prevalence & determinants of depression in type 2 diabetes patients in a tertiary care centre. Indian J Med Res 2010, 132(2):195-200 [http://www.ijmr.org.in/temp/ IndianJMedRes1322195-2664831_072408.pdf]
    • 55. Firoz AHM, Karim MDE, Alam MF, Rahman AHMM, Zaman MM, Rabbani MG: Awareness, Care and Acceptance of Mental Patients: A Nationwide Multicentric Community Survey in Bangladesh. Journal of NIMH 2009, 1(1):9-30.
    • 56. Alam DS, Robinson H, Kanungo A, Hossain MD, Hassan M: Health Systems Preparedness for responding to the growing burden of noncommunicable disease-a case study of Bangladesh. In Health Policy & Health Finance knowledge Hub. The Nossal Institute for Global Health. The University of Melbourne, Volume Working Paper Series Number 25. 2013:1-25 [http://ni.unimelb.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/720656/WP25.pdf]
    • 57. World Health Organization, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Bangladesh: WHO-AIMS Report on Mental Health System in Bangladesh. In A report of the assessment of the mental health system in Bangladesh using the World Health Organization - Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS). 2007:1-20 [http://www.who.int/mental_health/ bangladesh_who_aims_report.pdf]
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article