Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Morgan-Brown, M; Ormerod, M; Newton, R; Manley, D
Publisher: College of Occupational Therapists
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: built_and_human_env
Objectives: This study evaluated the sitting room environment of two nursing homes\ud in Ireland, using interactive occupation and social engagement as outcome measures\ud and defining these rooms as occupational spaces.\ud Method: Snapshot observational recordings were made in the main sitting rooms\ud during the periods of time when the rooms were in most active use. Narrative\ud information was also recorded.\ud Results: Residents were more likely to occupy their time in the main sitting room\ud passively, rather than in interactive occupation and social engagement. The nursing\ud home residents with dementia spent approximately 70% of their daily time in the\ud main sitting room areas in states of occupational disengagement.\ud Discussion: Additional insight is provided through pragmatic narrative descriptions\ud of the functioning of the main sitting room environment in terms of interactive\ud occupation and social engagement.\ud Relevance: The research study demonstrates a methodology for evaluating the\ud sitting room areas of a care environment, using interactive occupation and social\ud engagement as outcome measures,which can be used for descriptive and comparative\ud insights into the performance of care environments.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Bowie P, Mountain G (1993) Using direct observation to record the behaviour of long-stay patients with dementia. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 8(10), 857-64.
    • Calkins MP (2009) Evidence-based long term care design. NeuroRehabilitation, 25(3), 145-54.
    • Cantley C, Woodhouse J, Smith M (2005) Listen to us: involving people with dementia in planning and developing services. Newcastle upon Tyne: Dementia North and Northumbria University.
    • Cohen-Mansfield J, Marx MS, Thein K, Dakheel-Ai M (2010) The impact of past and present preferences on stimulus engagement in nursing home residents with dementia. Aging and Mental Health, 14(10), 67-73.
    • Dewing J (2002) From ritual to relationship: a person-centred approach to consent in qualitative research with older people who have dementia. Dementia, 1(2), 157-71.
    • Folstein MF, Folstein SE, McHugh PR (1975) 'Mini-mental-state'. A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12(3), 189-98.
    • Gilster SD, Accorinti KL, Dalessandro JL (2002) Providing a continuum of care for persons with Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer's Care Quarterly, 3(2), 103-15.
    • Gitlin LN, Liebman J, Winter L (2003) Are environmental interventions effective in the management of Alzheimer's disease and related disorders? A synthesis of the evidence. Alzheimer's Care Quarterly, 4(2), 85-107.
    • Green S, Cooper BA (2000) Occupation as a quality of life constituent: a nursing home perspective. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 63(1), 17-24.
    • Hasselkus BR (1998) Occupation and well-being in dementia: the experience of day-staff. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 52(6), 423-34.
    • Holthe T, Thorsen K, Josephsson S (2007) Occupational patterns of people with dementia in residential care: an ethnographic study. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 14(2), 96-107.
    • Kolanowski AM, Litaker M, Buettner L (2005) Efficacy of theory-based activities for behavioral symptoms of dementia. Nursing Research, 54(4), 219-28.
    • Litwin H, Shiovitz-Ezra S (2006) The association between activity and wellbeing in later life: what really matters? Ageing and Society, 26(2), 225-42.
    • Marshall MJ, Hutchinson SA (2001) A critique of research on the use of activities with persons with Alzheimer's disease: a systematic literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 35(4), 488-96.
    • Morgan DG, Stewart NJ (1997) The importance of the social environment in dementia care. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 19(6), 740-61.
    • Nolan M, Grant G, Nolan J (1995) Busy doing nothing: activity and interaction levels amongst differing populations of elderly patients. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 22(3), 528-38.
    • Norbergh KG, Asplund K, Rassmussen BH, Nordahl G, Sandman PO (2001) How patients with dementia spend their time in a psycho-geriatric unit. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 15(3), 215-21.
    • O'Malley L, Croucher K (2005) Housing and dementia care - a scoping review of the literature. Health and Social Care in the Community, 13(6), 570-77.
    • O'Shea E (2007) Implementing policy for dementia care in Ireland: the time for action is now. Dublin: Alzheimer Society of Ireland.
    • Perrin T (1997a) The positive response schedule for severe dementia. Aging and Mental Health, 1(2), 184-91.
    • Perrin T (1997b) Occupational need in severe dementia: a descriptive study. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 25(5), 934-41.
    • Perrin T (2000) Doing and being in dementia: a return journey? Alzheimer's Care Quarterly, 1(2), 29-37.
    • Phinney A, Chaudhury H, O'Connor DL (2007) Doing as much as I can do: the meaning of activity for people with dementia. Aging and Mental Health, 11(4), 384-93.
    • Robertson L, Fitzgerald R (2010) The conceptualisation of residential home environments: implications for occupational therapy. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 73(4), 170-77.
    • Schreiner AS, Yamamoto E, Shiontani H (2005) Positive affect among nursing home residents with Alzheimer's dementia: the effect of recreational activity. Aging and Mental Health, 9(2), 129-34.
    • Shields S, Norton L (2006) In pursuit of the sunbeam. USA: Action Pact Press.
    • Slaughter S, Calkins M, Eliasziw M, Reimer M (2006) Measuring physical and social environments in nursing homes for people with middle-to late-stage dementia. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 54(9), 1436-41.
    • Smallwood J, Irvine E, Coulter F, Connery H (2001) Psychometric evaluation of a short observational tool for small-scale research projects in dementia. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 16(3), 288-92.
    • Tombaugh TN, McIntyre NJ (1992) The mini-mental state examination: a comprehensive review. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 40(9), 922-35.
    • Van Haitsma K, Lawton MP, Kleban MH, Klapper J, Corn J (1997) Methodological aspects of the study of streams of behavior in elders with dementing illness. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, 11(4), 228-38.
    • Voelkl JE, Fries BE, Galecki AT (1995) Predictors of nursing home residents' participation in activity programs. The Gerontologist, 35(1), 44-51.
    • Whiteford G (2000) Occupational deprivation: global challenge in the new millennium. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 63(5), 200-04.
    • Wimo A, Ljunggren G, Winblad B (1997) Costs of dementia and dementia care: a review. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 12(8), 841-56.
    • Wimo A, Jonsson L, Winblad B (2006) An estimate of the worldwide prevalence and direct costs of dementia in 2003. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 21(3), 175-81.
    • Winblad B, Wimo A, Mobius HJ, Fox JM, Fratiglioni L (1999) Severe dementia: a common condition entailing high costs at individual and societal levels. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14(11), 911-14.
    • Wood W, Harris S, Snider M, Patchel SA (2005) Activity situations on an Alzheimer's disease special care unit and resident environmental interactions, time use, and affect. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 20(2), 105-18.
    • Wood W, Womack J, Hooper B (2009) Dying of boredom: an exploratory case study of time use, apparent affect, and routine activity situations on two Alzheimer's special care units. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 63(3), 337-50.
    • Woods B (1999) Promoting well-being and independence for people with dementia. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14(2), 97-109.
    • Zimmerman S, Sloane PD, Williams CS, Reed PS, Preisser JS, Eckert JK, Boustani M, Dobbs D (2005) Dementia care and quality of life in assisted living and nursing homes. The Gerontologist, 45(1), 133-46.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article