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fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Bicknell, Jake E.; Chin, Christopher (2007)
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: QH75
Deforestation is one of the major global conservation issues. Solutions are being sought to tackle this ongoing\ud forest loss, including establishment of initiatives to provide new sources of income for local communities that\ud promote the sustainable use of forests in the interest of biodiversity conservation. One such project ‘Iwokrama’,\ud demonstrates how tropical forests and associated habitats can be sustainably used. In the central Guyana wetlands of the Rupununi, illegal fishing of arapaima Arapaima gigas, had led to a huge\ud reduction in its numbers. Iwokrama responded by initiating the Arapaima Management Plan in 2002. This\ud highlighted the need for another source of local income from fisheries, and a business that undertakes sustainable harvest\ud of fish for the aquarium trade was developed. Harvesting of a few selected fish species is carried-out by\ud members of the local community who are paid a daily wage. Fishing methods target individual species to avoid\ud incidental by-catch. Four species are primarily caught as they are numerous in the Rupununi and are of high trade\ud value. To ensure ecological and economical sustainability, catch per unit effort is monitored; where this begins to\ud drop for any given species, harvesting is suspended and the population is allowed to recover before harvesting\ud resumes. The project has developed into a self-sustaining business, managed by the community themselves. During\ud 2005, the project reached financial sustainability with current profits of over US$3,000 feeding back into local\ud community initiatives.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Bicknell J. (2004) Sustainable, community-based aquarium fishes in the North Rupununi, Guyana.
    • OFI Journal, 44, 22-24.
    • Bicknell J., Patterson M. & Tiwari T. (2005) One year on… Community-based aquarium fisheries, Guyana. OFI Journal, 48, 26-28.
    • Castello L. (2004) A method to count Pirarucu Arapaima gigas: fishers, assessment, and management. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 24, 379-389.
    • Chao N.L. & Prang G. (2002) A decade of Project Piaba: reflections and prospects. OFI Journal, 39, 24-27.
    • Fernandes D. (2006) “More eyes watching…” Community-based management of the Arapaima (Arapaima gigas) in central Guyana: "Survival of the Commons: mounting challenges and new realities".
    • 11th Conference of the Int. Assoc. for the Study of Common Property, Bali, Indonesia, June 19-23, 2006. http://dlc.dlib.indiana.edu/archive/00001894/ Gordon, I. & Ayiemba W. (2003) Harnessing butterfly biodiversity for improving livelihoods and forest conservation: The Kipepeo Project. Journal of Environmental Development, 12, 82-98.
    • Súarez Y.R., Petere M. Jr., & Catella A.C. (2001) Factors determining the structure of fish communities in Pantanal lagoons (MS Brazil).
    • Fisheries Management and Ecology, 8, 173-186.
    • Watkins G. G. (2005) The Iwokrama Centre and forest: Introduction to special papers. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 154, 1 - 5.
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