LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Jones, Alexander (2015)
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Journal: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: endogenous, Neurology. Diseases of the nervous system, Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry, Neuroscience, entrainment, RC321-571, RC346-429, audiovisual, crossmodal, hazard function, Original Research Article, attention, expectancy, exogenous

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: genetic structures
Selective attention to a spatial location has shown enhance perception and facilitate behaviour for events at attended locations. However, selection relies not only on where but also when an event occurs. Recently, interest has turned to how intrinsic neural oscillations in the brain entrain to rhythms in our environment, and, stimuli appearing in or out of synch with a rhythm have shown to modulate perception and performance. Temporal expectations created by rhythms and spatial attention are two processes which have independently shown to affect stimulus processing but it remains largely unknown how, and if, they interact. In four separate tasks, this study investigated the effects of voluntary spatial attention and bottom-up temporal expectations created by rhythms in both unimodal and crossmodal conditions. In each task the participant used an informative cue, either colour or pitch, to direct their covert spatial attention to the left or right, and respond as quickly as possible to a target. The lateralized target (visual or auditory) was then presented at the attended or unattended side. Importantly, although not task relevant, the cue was a rhythm of either flashes or beeps. The target was presented in or out of sync (early or late) with the rhythmic cue. The results showed participants were faster responding to spatially attended compared to unattended targets in all tasks. Moreover, there was an effect of rhythmic cueing upon response times in both unimodal and crossmodal conditions. Responses were faster to targets presented in sync with the rhythm compared to when they appeared too early in both crossmodal tasks. That is, rhythmic stimuli in one modality influenced the temporal expectancy in the other modality, suggesting temporal expectancies created by rhythms are crossmodal. Interestingly, there was no interaction between top-down spatial attention and rhythmic cueing in any task suggesting these two processes largely influenced behaviour independently.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Arnal, L. H., and Giraud, A. L. (2012). Cortical oscillations and sensory predictions. Trends Cogn. Sci. 16, 390-398. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2012.05.003
    • Berger, A., Henik, A., and Rafal, R. (2005). Competition between endogenous and exogenous orienting of visual attention. J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. 134, 207-221. doi: 10.1037/0096-3445.134.2.207
    • Besle, J., Schevon, C. A., Mehta, A. D., Lakatos, P., Goodman, R. R., McKhann, G. M., et al. (2011). Tuning of the human neocortex to the temporal dynamics of attended events. J. Neurosci. 31, 3176-3185. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4518- 10.2011
    • Bolger, D., Trost, W., and Schön, D. (2013). Rhythm implicitly affects temporal orienting of attention across modalities. Acta Psychol. (Amst) 142, 238-244. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2012.11.012
    • Breska, A., and Deouell, L. Y. (2014). Automatic bias of temporal expectations following temporally regular input independently of high-level temporal expectation. J. Cogn. Neurosci. 26, 1555-1571. doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_00564
    • Buchtel, H. A., and Butter, C. M. (1988). Spatial attention shifts: implications for the role of polysensory mechanisms. Neuropsychologia 26, 499-509. doi: 10. 1016/0028-3932(88)90107-8
    • Busch, N. A., Dubois, J., and VanRullen, R. (2009). The phase of ongoing EEG oscillations predicts visual perception. J. Neurosci. 29, 7869-7876. doi: 10. 1523/JNEUROSCI.0113-09.2009
    • Buzsaki, G. (2006). Rhythms of the Brain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    • Calderone, D. J., Lakatos, P., Butler, P. D., and Castellanos, F. X. (2014). Entrainment of neural oscillations as a modifiable substrate of attention. Trends Cogn. Sci. 18, 300-309. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2014.02.005
    • Carrasco, M. (2014). “Spatial covert attention: perceptual modulation,” in The Oxford Handbook of Attention, eds K. Nobre and S. Kastner (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 183-230.
    • Correa, A., Lupianez, J., and Tudela, P. (2005). Attentional preparation based on temporal expectancy modulates processing at the perceptual level. Psychon. Bull. Rev. 12, 328-334. doi: 10.3758/bf03196380
    • Coull, J. T., and Nobre, A. C. (1998). Where and when to pay attention: the neural systems for directing attention to spatial locations and to time intervals as revealed by both PET and fMRI. J. Neurosci. 18, 7426-7435.
    • Cravo, A. M., Rohenkohl, G., Wyart, V., and Nobre, A. C. (2013). Temporal expectation enhances contrast sensitivity by phase entrainment of low-frequency oscillations in visual cortex. J. Neurosci. 33, 4002-4010. doi: 10.1523/jneurosci. 4675-12.2013
    • Davranche, K., Nazarian, B., Vidal, F., and Coull, J. (2011). Orienting attention in time activates left intraparietal sulcus for both perceptual and motor task goals. J. Cogn. Neurosci. 23, 3318-3330. doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_00030
    • Doherty, J. R., Rao, A., Mesulam, M. M., and Nobre, A. C. (2005). Synergistic effect of combined temporal and spatial expectations on visual attention. J. Neurosci. 25, 8259-8266. doi: 10.1523/jneurosci.1821-05.2005
    • Hugdahl, K., and Nordby, H. (1994). Electrophysiological correlates to cued attentional shifts in the visual and auditory modalities. Behav. Neural Biol. 62, 21-32. doi: 10.1016/s0163-1047(05)80055-x
    • Jaramillo, S., and Zador, A. M. (2011). The auditory cortex mediates the perceptual effects of acoustic temporal expectation. Nat. Neurosci. 14, 246-251. doi: 10. 1038/nn.2688
    • Jones, M. R. (2010). “Attending to sound patterns and the role of entrainment,” in Attention and Time, eds A. C. Nobre and J. T. Coull (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 137-330.
    • Jones, M. R., Johnston, H. M., and Puente, J. (2006). Effects of auditory structure on anticipatory and reactive attending. Cogn. Psychol. 53, 59-96. doi: 10.1016/j. cogpsych.2006.01.003
    • Jones, M. R., Moynihan, H., MacKenzie, N., and Puente, J. (2002). Temporal aspects of stimulusdriven attending in dynamic arrays. Psychol. Sci. 13, 313-319. doi: 10. 1111/1467-9280.00458
    • Kayser, C., Petkov, C. I., and Logothetis, N. K. (2008). Visual modulation of neurons in auditory cortex. Cereb. Cortex 18, 1560-1574. doi: 10. 1093/cercor/bhm187
    • Lakatos, P., Chen, C. M., O'Connell, M. N., Mills, A., and Schroeder, C. E. (2007). Neuronal oscillations and multisensory interaction in primary auditory cortex. Neuron 53, 279-292. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2006.12.011
    • Lakatos, P., Karmos, G., Mehta, A., Ulbert, I., and Schroeder, C. (2008). Entrainment of neuronal oscillations as a mechanism of attentional selection. Science 320, 110-113. doi: 10.1126/science.1154735
    • Lakatos, P., Musacchia, G., O'Connel, M. N., Falchier, A. Y., Javitt, D. C., and Schroeder, C. E. (2013). The spectrotemporal filter mechanism of auditory selective attention. Neuron 77, 750-761. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2012. 11.034
    • Lampar, A., and Lange, K. (2011). Effects of temporal trial-by-trial cuing on early and late stages of auditory processing: evidence from event-related potentials. Atten. Percept. Psychophys. 73, 1916-1933. doi: 10.3758/s13414-011-0149-z
    • Lange, K., Krämer, U. M., and Röder, B. (2006). Attending points in time and space. Exp. Brain Res. 173, 130-140. doi: 10.1007/s00221-006-0372-3
    • Lange, K., and Röder, B. (2006). Orienting attention to points in time improves stimulus processing both within and across modalities. J. Cogn. Neurosci. 18, 715-729. doi: 10.1162/jocn.2006.18.5.715
    • Lawrence, M. A., and Klein, R. M. (2013). Isolating exogenous and endogenous modes of temporal attention. J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. 142, 560-572. doi: 10. 1037/a0029023
    • Lima, B., Singer, W., and Neuenschwander, S. (2011). Gamma responses correlate with temporal expectation in monkey primary visual cortex. J. Neurosci. 31, 15919-15931. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0957-11.2011
    • Luce, R. D. (1986). Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    • Mangun, G. R., and Hillyard, S. A. (1990). Allocation of visual attention to spatial locations: tradeoff functions for event-related brain potentials and detection performance. Percept. Psychophys. 47, 532-550. doi: 10.3758/bf03203106
    • Mathewson, K. E., Fabiani, M., Gratton, G., Beck, D. M., and Lleras, A. (2010). Rescuing stimuli from invisibility: inducing a momentary release from visual masking with pre-target entrainment. Cognition 115, 186-191. doi: 10.1016/j. cognition.2009.11.010
    • Miller, J. E., Carlson, L. A., and McAuley, J. D. (2013). When what you hear influences when you see: listening to an auditory rhythm influences the temporal allocation of visual attention. Psychol. Sci. 24, 11-18. doi: 10. 1177/0956797612446707
    • Naccache, L., Blandin, E., and Dehaene, S. (2002). Unconscious masked priming depends on temporal attention. Psychol. Sci. 13, 416-424. doi: 10.1111/1467- 9280.00474
    • Nobre, A. C. (2010). “How can temporal expectations bias perception and action,” in Attention and Time, eds A. C. Nobre and J. T. Coull (Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press), 137-330.
    • Nobre, A. C., and Rohenkohl, G. (2014). “Time for the fourth dimension in attention,” in The Oxford Handbook of Attention, eds K. Nobre and S. Kastner (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 676-724.
    • Nobre, A. C., Rohenkohl, G., and Stokes, M. G. (2011). “Nervous anticipation -Top down biasing across space and time,” in Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention. 2nd Edn. ed M. I. Posner (New York: Guilford Publications), 159-186.
    • Posner, M. I. (1978). Chronometric Explorations of Mind. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
    • Posner, M. I. (1980). Orienting of attention. Q. J. Exp. Psychol. 32, 3-25. doi: 10. 1080/00335558008248231
    • Posner, M. I., Snyder, C. R., and Davidson, B. J. (1980). Attention and the detection of signals. J. Exp. Psychol. 109, 160-174. doi: 10.1037/0096-3445.109. 2.160
    • Praamstra, P., Kourtis, D., Kwok, H. F., and Oostenveld, R. (2006). Neurophysiology of implicit timing in serial choice reaction time performance. J. Neurosci. 26, 5448-5455. doi: 10.1523/jneurosci.0440-06.2006
    • Raichle, M. E. (2010). Two views of brain function. Trends Cogn. Sci. 14, 180-190. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2010.01.008
    • Rohenkohl, G., Coull, J. T., and Nobre, A. C. (2011). Behavioural dissociation between exogenous and endogenous temporal orienting of attention. PLoS One 6:e14620. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0014620
    • Rohenkohl, G., Cravo, A. M., Wyart, V., and Nobre, A. C. (2012). Temporal expectation improves the quality of sensory information. J. Neurosci. 32, 8424- 8428. doi: 10.1523/jneurosci.0804-12.2012
    • Rohenkohl, G., Gould, I. C., Pessoa, J., and Nobre, A. C. (2014). Combining spatial and temporal expectations to improve visual perception. J. Vis. 14:8. doi: 10. 1167/14.4.8
    • Sanabria, D., Capizzi, M., and Correa, A. (2011). Rhythms that speed you up. J. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform. 37, 236-244. doi: 10.1037/a0019956
    • Santangelo, V., and Spence, C. (2008). Is the exogenous orienting of spatial attention truly automatic? Evidence from unimodal and multisensory studies. Conscious. Cogn. 17, 989-1015. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2008.02.006
    • Scharf, B., Quigley, S., Aoki, C., Peachey, N., and Reeves, A. (1987). Focused auditory attention and frequency selectivity. Percept. Psychophys. 42, 215-223. doi: 10.3758/bf03203073
    • Spence, C. (2010). Crossmodal spatial attention. Ann. N Y Acad. Sci. 1191, 182-200. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2010.05440.x
    • Spence, C. J., and Driver, J. (1994). Covert spatial orienting in audition: exogenous and endogenous mechanisms. J. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform. 20, 555- 574. doi: 10.1037//0096-1523.20.3.555
    • Spence, C., and Driver, J. (1996). Audiovisual links in endogenous covert spatial attention. J. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform. 22, 1005-1030. doi: 10. 1037//0096-1523.22.4.1005
    • Spence, C., and Driver, J. (2004). Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention. England: Oxford University Press.
    • Tang, X., Li, C., Li, Q., Gao, Y., Yang, W., Yang, J., et al. (2013). Modulation of auditory stimulus processing by visual spatial or temporal cue: an event-related potentials study. Neurosci. Lett. 553, 40-45. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2013.07.022
    • Thut, G., and Miniussi, C. (2009). New insights into rhythmic brain activity from TMS-EEG studies. Trends Cogn. Sci. 13, 182-189. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2009.01.004
    • Vroomen, J., and de Gelder, B. (2000). Sound enhances visual perception: crossmodal effects of auditory organization of vision. J. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform. 26, 1583-1590. doi: 10.1037//0096-1523.26.5.1583
    • Wright, R. D., and Ward, L. M. (1994). Shifts of visual attention: an historical and methodological overview. Can. J. Exp. Psychol. 48, 151-166. doi: 10.1037/1196- 1961.48.2.151
    • Yeshurun, Y., and Carrasco, M. (1998). Attention improves or impairs visual performance by enhancing spatial resolution. Nature 396, 72-75. doi: 10.1038/23936
    • Zanto, T. P., Pan, P., Liu, H., Bollinger, J., Nobre, A. C., and Gazzaley, A. (2011). Age-related changes in orienting attention in time. J. Neurosci. 31, 12461-12470. doi: 10.1523/jneurosci.1149-11.2011
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.