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Alokail, Majed S.; Sabico, Shaun; Al-Saleh, Yousef; Al-Daghri, Nasser M.; Alkharfy, Khalid M.; Vanhoutte, Paul M.; McTernan, P. G. (Philip G.) (2013)
Publisher: Biomed Central
Journal: Trials
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Microbiota, Medicine (miscellaneous), Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Study Protocol, RM, Pharmacology (medical), Endotoxin, Probiotics, R1
Background:\ud Low grade chronic inflammation is observed in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Endotoxin derived from gut bacteria may act as a potent inflammatory stimulant. Probiotics, which are believed to contain health promoting live microorganisms, may influence circulating endotoxin levels. Ingestion of live probiotic cultures may alter gut microbiota in a beneficial manner to reduce inflammation; no information is available whether or not they do so in patients with T2DM. Therefore, the aim of this study is to characterize the beneficial effects of probiotics on circulating endotoxin levels and other biomarkers related to systemic low-grade inflammation in patients with T2DM.\ud Methods:\ud One hundred and twenty consenting adult Saudi T2DM patients (naïve or newly diagnosed and without co-morbidities) will be enrolled in this clinical trial and randomized to receive daily placebo or probiotics (Ecologic®Barrier) for 26 weeks in a double-blind manner. Inflammatory and metabolic markers will be measured and fecal samples analyzed. Measurements/samples will be obtained at baseline and after 4, 8, 12/13 and 26 weeks of treatment.\ud Discussion:\ud It is expected that the probiotic product will induce beneficial changes in gut microbiota, reduce the systemic inflammatory state through altering systemic endotoxin levels and, as such, reduce the systemic inflammatory response observed in T2DM subjects.\ud \ud Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01765517

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