LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Morris, Polly
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: HQ, DA
This dissertation examines sexual reputation in the county of\ud Somerset between 1733 and 1850. Its purpose is to explore plebeian\ud sexual culture by tracing changes in the way plebeian men and women\ud defined and defended their sexual reputations in an era of social,\ud economic and cultural transition. In this period Somerset evolved\ud from a prosperous and rapidly growing county with an economy based on\ud agriculture and manufactures to a more static and primarily agrarian\ud county; its major city, Bath, went from being a thriving resort to a\ud retirement town. At the same time, the breakdown of the Puritan\ud sexual consensus left a hiatus before the triumph of Victorianism\ud during which a multiplicity of sexual cultures thrived.\ud The defamation causes heard in the ecclesiastical courts of the\ud diocese of Bath and Wells constitute the basic source for the study of\ud plebeian sexual reputation. By the eighteenth century, these causes\ud were concerned solely with sexual insults and the courts' clients\ud were predominantly and increasingly married women drawn from the\ud ranks of artisans and small tradespeople in the county's market towns\ud and the city of Bath. The survival of this jurisdiction reflects a\ud continuing need on the part of plebeian litigants for a cheap and\ud public mode of settling disputes over honour. Though plebeian men continued\ud to use the church courts to restore their good names long after\ud upper class men had ceased to do so, their eventual abandonment of the\ud courts has necessitated the use of common law sources to construct\ud a picture of male reputation.\ud As the industrial and agricultural revolutions proceeded, and the\ud personnel of the church courts adopted a sexual ideology emphasising\ud privacy, decorum and the double standard, traditional plebeian sexual\ud mores were challenged. Definitions of male and female reputation\ud diverged and the egalitarianism of the early eighteenth century weakened.\ud By the mid-nineteenth century, the dominant sexual culture had\ud triumphed: the distinctive plebeian sexual culture had been absorbed\ud by the more homogeneous sexual culture of the Victorian era; litigants\ud had ceased to use the church courts; and, in 1854, the defamation\ud jurisdiction was abolished.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 7 Francis A. Knight, Heart of Mendip (London: J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., 1915), p. 411; John Haddon, Bath (London: B.T. Batsford Ltd., 1973), p. 111.
    • 8 Toulmin, Taunton, p. 560; Emanuel Green, 'On Some Somerset Chap-Books', Somerset Archaeology and Natural History 24 (1878): 59.
    • 12Jeffrey Weeks, Sex, Politics and Society; The Regulation of Sexuality since 1800 (London and New York: Longman, 1981), espec. Chapters 2 and 4.
    • 13 Miranda Chaytor, 'Household and Kinship: Ryton in the late 16th and early 17th centuries', History Workshop 10 (Autumn 1980): 26.
    • 14 Notable contributions are Sharpe, Defamation and Sexual Slander; Chaytor, 'Household and Kinship'; and M.J. Ingram, 'Ecclesiastical Justice in Wiltshire 1600-1640, With special reference to cases concerning sex and marriage' (D. Phil. dissertation, Oxford, 1976), especially Chapter 9, 'Defamation Causes'.
    • 15 G.R. Quaife, Wanton Wenches and Wayward Wives: Peasants and Illicit Sex in Early Seventeenth Century England (London: Croom Helm, 1979), pp. 72; 142. Burn, Richard. Ecclesiastical Law. 2 vols.
    • London: H. Woodf all and W. Strahan, 1763. And subsequent editions: 1767, 1775, 1781, 1788, 1797, 1809, 1824 and 1842. Floyer, Philip. The Proctor's Practice in lhe Ecclesiastical Couts, As it is Regulated by the Rules sf Practice now in_Force. London, 1744. Hunt, Henry. Memoirs of Henry Hunt. Esg. Written_by himself, in His Majesty's jail at Llchester._in the county of Somers. 3 vols. London: T.
    • Dolby, 1820-22. _________ 'To the Radical Reformers, Male and Female, of England, Ireland, and Scotland'.
    • 1820-22. ________• A Peep Into A Prison: Or. the Inide of lichester Bastile. 1821. lichester and District Occasional Papers, no.11. Guernsey: the Toucan Press, 1979. Ibbetson, Laporte and Hassell, 3., Mess. A Picturesque Guide to Bath, Bristol Hot-wells, The River Avon and the Adjacent Country.
    • London, 1793. Law, James T. Forms of Ecclesiastical L.a. 2nd ed.
    • London: William Benning & Co., 1844. [More, Martha]. MendipAnna1s: or, A_Narrative of the Charitable Labours of Hannah And Martha More in their Neighbourhood. Being the Journal of Martha More. 2nd ed. Edited by Arthur Roberts. London: James Nisbet and Co., 1859. [Morris, Claver]. The Diary of a West Country Physician .D. 1684-1726. Edited by Edmund Hobhouse. Rochester: Stanhope Press, 1934. port of the Bath Society1 çt. 6 Pierrepont-Plac for the Investigation and Relief of Occasional Distress, Enpouragement of Industry, and Bi.ippression of Vagrants, Street-Beggars1 and Impostcrs...Bath: Richard Cruttwell, 1816. Skinner, John. Journal of a Somerset Rector: parachial Affairs of the Parish, of Camerton1 1822-1832. Edited by Howard Cooinbs and the Rev Arthur N. Bax. London: John Murray, 1930. Thornton, W.H. Reminiscences and Reflections of an Qid West-Country Clergyman. 2nd. series.
    • Torquay: Andrew Iredale, 1899. Woodforde, James. The Diary of & Country Parson.
    • 5 vols. Edited by John Beresford. London: Humphrey Milford, Oxford University Press, 1924 Bettey, J.H. Rural Life in Wessex 1500-1900.
    • Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire: Moonraker Press, 1977. Billingsley, John. General View of the Agriculture of the_County of Somerset, with Observations_ji the Means of Its Improvewent Drawn Up in the Year 1795. for tM Consideration of the Board of Agriculture and Internal Improvement. 2nd ed. Bath: R. Cruttwell, 1798. Bulley, John A. '"To Mendip for Coal" - A Study of the Somerset Coalfield Before1830'.
    • Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeo1oy and Natural History Society 97 (1952) :46-78. Dunning, R.W. 'Some Somerset Parishes in 1705'. SomersetArchaeology and Natural istory 112 (1967/8) :71-92.
    • -. A istory of Somerset. Mount Street, Bridgewater, Somerset: Somerset County Library, 1978. Earle, John. B &th Ajicient and Modern. London: Longman, Green, Longinan, Roberts, and Green, 1864. Egan, Pierce. Walks Through Bath, Describing ;very hing Worthy of Interest Connected with the Public Buildings, the Rooms, Crescents. TheatreL Concerts, Baths, its Literature, &c. Including Walcot and Widcombe and the Surrounding Vicinity... Bath: Meyler and Son, 1819. Farbrother, John E. Shepton Mallet: Notes on its History. Ancients Descriptive, and Natural. Shepton Mallet and London: 1860. Fox, Hubert. Ouakei Homespun. The Life of ThomaFox of Wellington Serge Naker and Banker 1747-1821. London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd., 1958. Gadd, David. Georgian Summer. Bath in the Eighteenth Century. Park Ridge, New Jersey: Noyes Press, 1972. Gold, Joel J. 'The Showdown on Chamberlain • Street: Wells, 1762'. jgeenth-Century Life 1 (March 1975) :52-55. Gough, J.W. The 'Unes of_ji.n jp. Revised ed. • with new preface. Newton Abbot: David & Charles, 1967. Green, Emanuel. 'On Some Somerset ChapBooks'. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History 24 (1878) :50-66. Haddon, John. Bath. London: B.T. Batsford Ltd., 1973. Beath, Francis George. Peasant Life in the West ofEngland. 4th ed. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, 1881. Humphreys, Arthur L. Someretshire Parishes.
    • A Handbook of Historical Reference tp all Places int County. 2 vo].s. London, 1905. Hunt, T.J. Aspects of Spmerset History.
    • Taunton: Somerset County Council, 1973. Hunt, William. 'he Somerset Diocese, Bath. and Wells. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1885. Knight, Francis A. The Sea-Board of Mendip.
    • London: J.M. Dent & Co., 1902. _________ eart of Mendip. London: J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., 1915. Latimer, John. The Annals of Bristol in the Ei gbteent1Centur y . Printed for the Author, 1893. Lawrence, Berta. Somerset Legends. Newton Abbot: David & Charles, 1973. Little, Bryan. The Building of Bath 41-1947.
    • An Architectur.J and Social Stuy. London: Collins, 1947. ________ Bath Portrait. The Story of Bath, its Life and its Buildings. Bristol: Burleigh Press, 1961. Locke, Richard. Supplement to Col1i.aaPi1! History of Somerset. Taunton: The Wessex Press, 1939. McCallum, Donald M. 'A Demographic Study of the Parishes of Bruton and Pitcombe in the County of Somerset'. Q1nerset Archaeology nd Natural History 121 (1976/7):77-87. Mainwaring, Rowland. Annals of Bath, from the Ie.ar 1800 to the Passing of the new rnunjçjpal art. Bath: Mary Meyler and Son, 1838. Mann, Julia de L. The Cloth Industry in t West of England from 1640 to1880. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971. Marshall, William. The Rural Economy of the West of En1anth inc1udIfl. yQnshire and Thrts of SomrsetshreL Dorsetshire, azd Coriiwall. 2 vols. London, 1796. Marshall, William M. George Ho pper 1640-1727.
    • BishQp of Bath and Wells. Milborne Port, Sherborne: Dorset Publishing Co., 1976. Master, The Rev. George S. Collections for a Parochial Hist pry of Wraxall. Bristol: Somersetshire Archaeology and Natural History Society, Northern Branch, 1900. Maton, William George. Observations Relative Chiefly to the Natural History, Picturesque Scenery and Antiquities, of the Western Counties of England1 Made in tb Years 1794 and 1796. 2 vols. Salisbury: J. Easton, 1797. Neale, R.S. 'The Industries of the City of Bath in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century'. Proceedings of the Someishii.
    • Archaeo1y and NaturaL H$tQ,ry Society 108 (1963/4) :132-144.
    • 'Society, belief and the building of Bath, 1700-1793'. In Rural Change and irban Growth 1500-1800: Essays in Englis1 Re9iona]. History infionour of W.G. Hoskins, pp.253-80. Edited by C.W. Chalklin and M.A. Havinden. London: Longman, 1974. -. Bath 1680-1850, A Sacial History or A yalley of Pleasure taSinK of Iniqui. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981. Notes and Queries for Sornerset..and Dorset. 1-29 (1890-1973). Oliver, George. Collections Illustratin g th history of the Catholic religion in the counties of Cornwall, Devon, DorsetL Somerset, Wiltshire1 ai G).pucester.
    • London: C. Dolman, 1857. Palmer, Kingsley. The Folklore of Somerset.
    • London: B.T. Batsford Ltd., 1976. Peach, RSE.M. BathOLd and New. A Handy Guj and a History. London: Messrs. Simpkin, Marshall & Co., Ltd., 1891. Phelps, W. rhe History and Antiguities of Somersetshire. 2 vols. London, 1836-9. Ponting, K.G. A HitoJv Cloth Industry. London: Macdonald, 1957. ____ The Woollen Industry of South-we England. Bath: Adams & Dart, 1971. Poole, C.H. The Customs, Siperstions, and Legends of the County of Somerset. 2nd.
    • ed. Mount Durand, St. Peter Port, Guernsey via Britain: The Toucan Press, 1970. Powys, Liewelyn. Somerset and Dorset Essays.
    • London: Macdonald, 1957. Savage, James. story of the Hundred of Larhampton. Bristol: William Strong, 1830. $haw, The Rev. Stebbing. 'Tour of the West of England, in 1788' in volume 4 of William Mayor, The British Tourists. 2nd ed. 6 vols. London, 1800. Shorter, A.H.; Ravenhill, W.L.D.; and Gregory, K.J. 9]1thwest England. London: Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd., 1969. Snell, F.J. ABook of Exmoor. London: Methuen & Co., 1903.
    • _, ed. Memorials of Old Somerset. London: Bemrose & Sons Limited, 1906. [Tunstall, James]. amb1es about Bath and its Neighbourh. 6th ed., based on the original work, revised and re-edited by R.E. Peach. London: Simpkin, Marshall, and Co., 1876. Page, William, ed. The Victoria Hitory of tb Counties of England: Somerset, vol. 2.
    • London: Constable & Co., 1911. Warner, The Rev. Richard. Excurions from ath. Bath: R. Cruttwell, 1801. ________ The History of Bath. Bath: R.
    • Cruttwell, 1801.
    • ]. Peter Paul Pallet. Bath Characters: or Sketches from Life. London: G. Wilkie & J. Robinson, 1807. Watson, W.G. Willis. A Chronological Historyf Somerset. Somerset Folk Series, fibs. 21 and 22. London: Folk Press, Ltd., 1925. Weaver, Frederic William, ed. Somerset Incumbents. From the Hugo MSS. 30,279-8Q, in the British Nusej. Bristol, 1889. Wedlake, A.L. A History of Watchet. 2nd. ed.
    • Dulverton: The Exirioor Press, 1973. Williams, J. Anthony, ed. post-Reformation Catholicism in Bath, 2 vo]s. Catholic Record Society Publications (Record Series), vols. 65-66. Catholic Record Society, 1975-6. Williams, Michael. 'The 1801 Crop Returns for Somerset'. Somerset Archaeology an Natural History 113 (1969) :69-85. ________• The Draining of the Somerset Levels.
    • Cambridge: University Press, 1970. Wrington Village Records. Studies of the history of aSomerset Village. Compiled by members of a University of Bristol extramural class, 1965-6, Tutor Mrs. F.A.
    • Neale. Bristol: University of Bristol, 1969. Wroughton, John, ed. Bathin the Age of Reform L1830-1841i'. Bath: Morgan Books, 1972. Hill, Rosalind. 'The Theory and Practice of Excommunication in Medieval England'.
    • History 42 (1957) :1-11. Hockaday, F.S. 'The Consistory Court of the Diocese of Gloucester'. Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society 46 (1924) :195-287. Houlbrooke, Ralph. Church Courts and the People During the English Re1ormatioii15201570.
    • Oxford: University Press, 1979. Le Neve, John. Fasti Ecclesiae An2licanae 1541- 11.57. V. Bath and Wells Diocese. Compiled by Joyce M. Horn and Derrick Sherwin Bailey. University of London: Institute of Historical Research, 1979. Marchant, Ronald A. Purita_n the Church courts in the Diocese o York 1560-1642.
    • London: Longinans, 1960. Corfield, P,J, The1Ippa Ct of Eng]jsi Tow 1700-1800. Oxford: University Press, 1982. Crompton, Louis. 'Homosexuals and the Death Penalty in Colonial America'. Journal of fipmosexuality 1 (1976) :277-93. ________• 'Jeremy Bentham's Essay on "Paederasty": An Introduction'. 1lournaJ. of Homosexuality 3 (1978) :383-7. Fielding, Henry. 2 vols. London: J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd.; New York: El'.
    • Dutton & Co., 1930. Finberg, H.P.R., ed. The Agrari pn History of .rig1and an wa1e. IV: 15OO-164. Edited by Joan Thirsk. CambrIdge, 1967. Flandrin, Jean-Louis. Famiies in Former T&mes; lcinship3 Household and Sexuality. Translated by Richard Southern. Cambridge: University Press, 1976. Foucault, Michel. The Historyof SexuJity.,, Volume I: An Introduction. New York: Vintage Books, 1980. Gilbert, Arthur N. 'The Africajji. CourtsMartial: A Study of Buggery and the Royal Navy'. Journal of Homosexa1ity 1 (1974) :111-122. Harrison, Brian. Drink and the Victorians; the ewperance Question in England 1815-1872.
    • London: Faber and Faber, 1971. Hill, Christopher. 'Sex, Marriage, and the Family in England'. Economic History Review, 2nd series, 31 (1978) :450-63. Quaife, G.R. 'The Consenting Spinster in a Peasant Society: Aspects of Premarital Sex in PuritanM Somerset 1645-1660'. Journal Q,fSs).eial Bistory 11 (1977) :228-44. Davis, G.P. 'Social and Economic Change in a Somerset Village, Newton St. Loe, 1801-1871'.
    • M.Sc. thesis, University of Bath, 1975. Trumbach, Randolph. 'Whores and Bastards. Women and Illicit Sex in 18th-Century London'.
    • Unpublished paper, 1979. Winnett, A.R. 'The Indissolubility of Marriage in Reformation and Post-Reformation Anglican Teaching and Practice'. Ph.D. dissertation, University of London, 1953.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article