Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Greenberg, Stephen John (2011)
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: HD0072
This thesis explores the role of land reform in the production of space and relations of power in rural South Africa after 1994, based on a case study of a cluster of restitution farms in Makhado municipality in Limpopo province in northern South Africa. It uses Henri Lefebvre’s theory of the production of space, which proposes that space is a dynamic social construction and that spatial and social – and hence power - relations are mutually constitutive. Land reform processes are considered using three components of the production of space identified by Lefebvre, namely the material, the conceptual and the lived. These components are applied to three core themes in land reform which emerged from the research: authority and land governance; property relations; and land use (production and settlement).\ud The investigation was based primarily on interviews with inhabitants in the research area affected by land reform, with individuals with some historical knowledge of the area, and with various individuals from government and other support organisations with some relation to land reform in the area. The methods included an element of participant observation and some archival research.\ud The research indicates that land reform had an uneven impact on the production of space and power relations in the area of study. Contradictions emanating from within the state in particular exacerbated this unevenness. The retention of the private property framework and the entrenchment of pre-existing forms of authority and relations of power – private landowners and traditional authorities – constituted limitations on the role land reform could play in altering rural spaces and power relations. However, land reform simultaneously facilitated openings for subterranean shifts through new practices, rooted in everyday activities at the micro-spatial level, which signalled potential broader shifts in spatial and power relations over time.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Abrams, P. (1988) Notes on the Difficulty of Studying the State. Journal of Historical Sociology, 1:1, 58-89.
    • Adorno, T. (1991) The culture industry: Selected essays on mass culture, London, Routledge.
    • African National Congress (2007) Resolution on Rural Development, Land Reform and Agrarian Change. Presentation to ANC 52nd National Conference. Polokwane. 16-20 December.
    • Agarwal, B. (2003) Gender and Land Rights Revisited: Exploring new Prospects via the State, Family and Market. Journal of Agrarian Studies, 3:1-2, 184-224.
    • Aglietta, M. (1987) A Theory of Capitalist Regulation: The US Experience, London, Verso.
    • Agriconcept (2000) Mavungeni 1: Beneficiary group (Vleyfontein Portion 1), second draft - preliminary report, first draft, business plan. (unpublished).
    • Alcorn, J. (2000) Keys to unleashing mapping's good magic. PLA Notes, 39, 10-13.
    • Aliber, M., Baipethi, M. & Jacobs, P. (2009a) Agricultural employment scenarios. In Hall, R. (ed.) Another Countryside. Policy Options for Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa. Cape Town, Institute for Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies.
    • Aliber, M. & Kleinbooi, K. (2009) Land budget update. Umhlaba Wethu, 7, 4.
    • Aliber, M., Maluleke, T., Manenzhe, T., Paradza, G. & Cousins, B. (2009b) Livelihoods after Land Reform - South Africa component, draft 7. (unpublished).
    • Aliber, M., Maluleke, T., Thagwana, M. & Manenzhe, T. (2007) Restitution, Agriculture and Livelihoods: National Debates and Case Studies from Limpopo. Bellville/Pretoria, Programme for Land and Agrarian Studies and Human Sciences Research Council.
    • Aliber, M., Reitzes, M. & Roefs, M. (2006) Assessing the Alignment of South Africa's Land Reform Policy to People's Aspirations and Expectations: A Policy-Oriented Report Based on a Survey in Three Provinces. Pretoria, Human Sciences Research Council.
    • Allen, J. (1999) Spatial Assemblages of Power: From Domination to Empowerment. In Massey, D., Allen, J. & Sarre, P. (eds.) Human Geography Today. Oxford, Polity Press.
    • Arce, A. & Long, N. (1992) The dynamics of knowledge interfaces between bureaucrats and peasants. In Long, N. & Long, A. (eds.) Battlefields of Knowledge: the Interlocking of Theory and Practice in Social Research and Development. London, Routledge.
    • Archer, D. & Cottingham, S. (1996) The REFLECT Mother Manual: Regenerated Freirean Literacy Through Empowering Community Techniques, London, ActionAid.
    • Arrighi, G. (1994) The Long Twentieth Century: Money, Power and the Origin of our Times, London, Verso.
    • Ball, P. (2004) Critical Mass: How one thing leads to another, London, Arrow Books.
    • Bayart, J.-F. (1993) The State in Africa: The Politics of the Belly, London and New York, Longman.
    • Bayat, A. (2010) Life as Politics: How Ordinary People Change the Middle East, Stanford, California, Stanford University Press.
    • Bayley, B. (2000) A Revolution in the Market: The Deregulation of South African Agriculture. Oxford, Oxford Policy Management.
    • Bekker, S. (2003) The Social Role of Agriculture in South Africa. Presentation to Roles of Agriculture International Conference. Rome. 20-22 October.
    • bell hooks (1990) Yearning: Race, Gender and Cultural Politics, Boston, MA, South End Press.
    • Bernstein, H. (1996) South Africa's Agrarian Question: Extreme and Exceptional? In Bernstein, H. (ed.) The Agrarian Question in South Africa. London, Frank Cass.
    • Bernstein, H. & Amin, N. (1995) The Political Economy of 'Deregulation' in South Africa: The Maize and Red Meat Industries. Presentation to Agrarian Questions: The Politics of Farming anno 1995. Wageningen Agricultural University, Netherlands. May 22-25.
    • Berry, S. (1993) No Condition is Permanent: The social dynamics of agrarian change in subSaharan Africa, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press.
    • Berry, S. (2006) Ancestral property: Land, politics and 'the deeds of the ancestors' in Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire. Presentation to The African Seminar. Johns Hopkins University. 28 April.
    • Berry, S. (2007) Peasants or citizens? Rural struggles over land, authority and inclusion in West Africa. Presentation to Locating agrarian publics: trans-national peasant movements and mobilization. Chapel Hill, North Carolina. 7-8 December.
    • Bhaskar, R. (1997) A Realist Theory of Science, New York, Verso.
    • Bleby, M. (2010) Policy confusion threatens food security - Ackerman. Business Day, 24 June. 1&2
    • Blundo, G. (2006) Dealing with the Local State: The Informal Privatization of Street-Level Bureaucracies in Senegal. Development and Change, 37:4, 799-819.
    • Bob, U. (1999) African Rural Women and Land Reform in South Africa: Case Studies from the Midlands Region of KwaZulu-Natal. PhD thesis. Department of Geology and Geography, Morgantown, West Virginia.
    • Boddington, S. (1978) Science and Social Action, London, Allison & Busby.
    • Bosch, D. (2003) Land conflict management in South Africa: lessons learned from a land rights approach. In Groppo, P. (ed.) Land Reform, 2003/2. Rome, FAO.
    • Bourdieu, P. (1994) Rethinking the State: Genesis and Structure of the Bureaucratic Field. Sociological Theory, 12:1, 1-18.
    • Breed, I. (2008) The dimensions of space in the urban environment: three methodological approaches for designers that encompass the dynamics of urban space. South African Journal of Art History, 23:1, 214-224.
    • Brehm, J. & Gates, S. (1997) Working, Shirking, and Sabotage: Bureaucratic Response to a Democratic Public, Michigan.
    • Brenner, N. & Elden, S. (eds.) (2009) Henri Lefebvre: State, Space, World. Selected Essays, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.
    • Bryceson, D. & Jamal, V. (1997) Farewell to Farms: Deagrarianisation and Employment in Africa, Hampshire, Ashgate.
    • Bundy, C. (1988) The Rise and Fall of the South African Peasantry, Johannesburg and London, David Philip & James Currey.
    • Centre for Development and Enterprise (1995) Post-apartheid population and income trends - a new analysis. Johannesburg, Centre for Development and Enterprise.
    • Centre for Development and Enterprise (2005) Land Reform in South Africa: A 21st Century Perspective. CDE Research Report, 14. Johannesburg, Centre for Development and Enterprise.
    • Centre for Development and Enterprise (2008) Farmers' Voices: Practical perspectives on land reform and agricultural development. CDE Round Table No.9. Johannesburg, Centre for Development and Enterprise.
    • Chambers, R. (1997) Whose Reality Counts? Putting the First Last, London, Intermediate Technology Publications.
    • Charman, A., de Swardt, C. & Simons, M. (1991) The Politics of Gender: Negotiating Liberation. Transformation, 15, 40-64.
    • Chimhowu, A. & Woodhouse, P. (2006) Customary vs private property rights? Dynamics and trajectories of vernacular land markets in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Agrarian Change, 6:3, 346-371.
    • Claassens, A. (2001) 'It is not easy to challenge a chief': Lessons from Rakgwadi. PLAAS Research Report, No.15. Bellville, PLAAS.
    • Claassens, A. (2005) The Communal Land Rights Act and women: does the Act entrench discrimination and the distortion of the customary? Programme for Land and Agrarian Studies Occasional Paper, 28. Bellville, PLAAS.
    • Claassens, A. (2008a) Customary law and zones of chiefly sovereignty: the impact of government policy on whose voices prevail in the making and challenging of customary law. In Claassens, A. & Cousins, B. (eds.) Land, Power and Custom: Controversies generated by South Africa's Communal Land Rights Act. Cape Town, UCT Press.
    • Claassens, A. (2008b) Power, accountability and apartheid borders: The impact of recent laws on struggles over land rights. In Claassens, A. & Cousins, B. (eds.) Land, Power and Custom: Controversies generated by South Africa's Communal Land Rights Act. Cape Town, UCT Press.
    • Claassens, A. & Cousins, B. (eds.) (2008) Land, Power and Custom: Controversies generated by South Africa's Communal Land Rights Act, Cape Town, UCT Press.
    • Cobbett, M. (1987) The Land Question in South Africa: A Preliminary Assessment. South African Journal of Economics, 55:1, 63-77.
    • Colquhoun, S. (2010) This Land is Your Land. Empowerment Worth Knowing. 2010/11, 142-146
    • Comaroff, J. (1998) Reflections on the Colonial State in SA and Elsewhere. Social Identities, 4:3, 321-361.
    • Cooper, D. (1988) Ownership and Control of Agriculture in South Africa. In Suckling, J. & White, L. (eds.) After Aparthied: Renewal of the South African Economy. Trenton, Africa World Press.
    • Cooper, D. (1991) Agriculture in the bantustans: Towards development policies. In De Klerk, M. (ed.) A Harvest of Discontent: The Land Question in South Africa. Cape Town, IDASA.
    • Cotula, L. (ed.) (2007) Changes in 'customary' land tenure systems on Africa, London, IIED.
    • Cousins, B. (2002) Reforming Communal Land Tenure in South Africa - why land titling is not the answer. (unpublished).
    • Cousins, B. (2007) Agrarian reform and the 'two economies': transforming South Africa's countryside. In Ntsebeza, L. & Hall, R. (eds.) The Land Question in South Africa: The Challenge of Transformation and Redistribution. Cape Town, HSRC Press.
    • Cousins, B. (2008a) Democracy and land questions in Southern Africa. Presentation to Journal of Agrarian Change workshop on 'Agrarian Questions: Lineages and Prospects'. London. May.
    • Cousins, B. (2008b) Contextualising the controversies: dilemmas of communal tenure reform in post-apartheid South Africa. In Claassens, A. & Cousins, B. (eds.) Land, Power and Custom: Controversies generated by South Africa's Communal Land Rights Act. Cape Town, UCT Press.
    • Cousins, B. (2008c) Characterising 'communal' tenure: nested systems and flexible boundaries. In Claassens, A. & Cousins, B. (eds.) Land, Power and Custom: Controversies generated by South Africa's Communal Land Rights Act. Cape Town, UCT Press.
    • Cousins, B. (2010a) Intractible complexity vs. brutal simplification: the politics of land in contemporary South Africa. Presentation to Johannesburg Workshop on Theory and Criticism. Wits University, Johannesburg. 24 July.
    • Cousins, B. (2010b) Agrarian structure and accumulation from below: Re-thinking the role of 'smallholder farmers' in addressing structural poverty in rural South Africa. Presentation to 'Overcoming inequality and structural poverty in South Africa: towards inclusive growth and development' conference. Johannesburg. 20-22 September.
    • Cousins, B. (2011) Land as Property, Land as Territory: Contested boundaries in Msinga, KwaZulu-Natal. Cape Town, Institute for Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies (unpublished).
    • Cousins, B., Cousins, T., Hornby, D., Kingwill, R., Royston, L. & Smit, W. (2005) Will formalising property rights reduce poverty in South Africa's 'second economy'? Questioning the mythologies of Hernando de Soto. PLAAS Policy Brief, 18. Bellville, Programme for Land and Agrarian Studies.
    • Cousins, B. & Scoones, I. (2010) Contested paradigms of 'viability' in redistributive land reform: perspectives from southern Africa. Journal of Peasant Studies, 37:1, 31-66.
    • Crais, C. (2006) Custom and the Politics of Sovereignty in South Africa. Journal of Social History, 39:3, 721-740.
    • Cross, C. (2000) Spatial implications of population migration for South Africa's development and infrastructure programmes. http://www.idp.org.za/NSDP/documents/cross%20spatial%20implications%20final.pdf accessed 16 November 2010
    • Cross, C. (2009) Migration Trends and Human Settlements: Some Implications for Service Centres. Pretoria, HSRC.
    • Cross, C., Harwin, S., Schwabe, C., Morris, N. & Kekana, A. (2000) Rural and Urban Densification in South Africa: A Preliminary Review of Policy Implications for Migration and Infrastructure.
    • http://www.gautengleg.gov.za/legislature_documents/public%20relations/SPATIAL%2 0DEVELOPMENT%28NSPC%29/documents/cross_ruraldens.pdf accessed 15 November 2010
    • Cross, C. & Hornby, D. (2002) Opportunities and Obstacles to Women's Land Access in South Africa. Research Report for the Promoting Women's Access to Land Programme. Johannesburg, National Land Committee.
    • Cross, C., Mngadi, T. & Mbhele, T. (1998) Constructing migration: infrastructure, poverty and development in KwaZulu-Natal. Development Southern Africa, 15:4, 635-659.
    • Crown Land (Zoutpansberg) Commission (1908) Report of the Crown Land (Zoutpansberg) Commission, 1907-1908. Pretoria, Land Department.
    • de Certeau, M. (1984) The Practice of Everyday Life, Berkeley, University of California Press.
    • de Soto, H. (2000) The mystery of capital, London, Bantam.
    • Debord, G. (1994) Society of the Spectacle, London, Rebel Press.
    • Delius, P. (1996) A Lion Amongst the Cattle: Reconstruction and Resistance in the Northern Transvaal, Randburg, Ravan Press.
    • Delius, P. (2008) Contested terrain: Land rights and chiefly power in historical perspective. In Claassens, A. & Cousins, B. (eds.) Land, Power and Custom: Controversies generated by South Africa's Communal Land Rights Act. Cape Town, UCT Press.
    • Department of Agriculture (2009) Abstract of Agricultural Statistics. Pretoria, Department of Agriculture.
    • Department of Co-operative Governance and Municipal Affairs (2009) State of Local Government in South Africa: Overview Report. Pretoria, Department of Co-operative Governance and Municipal Affairs.
    • Derman, B., Lahiff, E. & Sjaastad, E. (2006) Strategic Questions about Strategic Partners: Challenges and Pitfalls in South Africa's New Model of Land Restitution. Presentation to Land, Memory, Reconstruction and Justice Conference. Cape Town. 13-15 September.
    • Dierwechter, Y. (2004) Dreams, bricks, and bodies: mapping 'neglected spatialities' in African Cape Town. Environment and Planning A, 36:6, 959-981.
    • Dirsuweit, T. (2009) New Urbanism, Public Space and Spatial Justice in Johannesburg: The case of 44 Stanley Ave. Annales de géographie, 665/666.
    • Dollery, B. (1994) Economic growth and redistribution in South Africa. Development Southern Africa, 11:2, 199-204.
    • du Toit, A. (2003) Hunger in the Valley of Fruitfulness: globalisation, 'social exclusion' and chronic poverty in Ceres, South Africa. Presentation to Staying Poor: Chronic Poverty and Development Poverty. University of Manchester. 7-9 April.
    • du Toit, A. & Ally, F. (2001) The Externalisation and Casualisation of Farm Labour in Western Cape Horticulture: A survey of patterns in the agricultural labour market in key Western Cape districts, and their implications for employment justice. Stellenbosch, Centre for Rural Legal Studies.
    • Engels, F. (1940) Dialectics of Nature, New York, International Publishers.
    • Ensor, L. (2009) Financial crunch scuppers land plan. Business Day, 3 November.
    • Escobar, P. (2006) Globalistan: How the Globalized World is Dissolving into Liquid War, Ann Arbor, Nimble Books LLC.
    • Farber, L. (ed.) (2008) Representation and Spatial Practices in Urban South Africa, Johannesburg, The Research Centre, Visual Identities in Art and Design. Faculty of Art Design and Architecture, University of Johannesburg.
    • Food Pricing Monitoring Committee (2004) Food Price Report: final. Pretoria, Department of Agriculture.
    • Fortin, E. (2008) Arenas of Contestation: Policy Processes and Land Tenure Reform in PostApartheid South Africa. DPhil thesis. Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex.
    • Foucault, M. (1980) Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972-1977, London, Harvester.
    • Fraser, A. (2006) Geographies of Land Restitution in Northern Limpopo: Place, Territory and Class. PhD thesis. Geography Graduate Programme, Ohio State University.
    • Garcia-Colon, I. (2002) Hegemony, land reform, and social space in Puerto Rico: Parcelas, a land distribution program for landless workers, 1940s-1960s. PhD thesis. University of Connecticut.
    • Garcia-Colon, I. (2006) Buscando Ambiente: Hegemony and Subaltern Tactics of Survival in Puerto Rico's Land Distribution Program. Latin American Perspectives, 33:1, 42-65.
    • Gardiner, M. (2000) Critiques of everyday life, London and New York, Routledge.
    • Gibson-Graham, J. K. (1996) The end of capitalism (as we knew it), Oxford, Blackwell.
    • Goldblatt, A. (2010) Agriculture: Facts and Trends. South Africa. Stellenbosch, World Wildlife Fund.
    • Goodman, D. (1999) Agro-Food Studies in the 'Age of Ecology': Nature, Corporeality, BioPolitics. Sociologia Ruralis, 39:1, 17-38.
    • Gordon, R., Nell, M. & Bertoldi, A. (2007) Overview of Urban Land as a Commodity in South Africa: Research Findings and Recommendations. Tshwane, Urban LandMark.
    • Government of Venda & Development Bank of Southern Africa (1986) Venda Development Information. Halfway House, Development Bank of Southern Africa.
    • Gramsci, A. (1991) Selections from the Prison Notebooks, London, Lawrence and Wishart.
    • Gregory, D. (2000) Human geography and space. In Johnson, R. J., Gregory, D., Pratt, G. & Watts, M. (eds.) Dictionary of Human Geography. 4th edition. Oxford, Blackwell.
    • Groenewald, Y. (2010) Digging in over land reform. Mail and Guardian, 19 March.
    • Grundy, S. (1987) Curriculum: Product or Praxis, London, The Falmer Press
    • Habib, A., Pillay, D. & Desai, A. (1998) South Africa and the Global Order: The Structural Conditioning of a Transition to Democracy. Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 16:1, 95-115.
    • Hall, R. (2009a) Land reform how and for whom? Land demand, targeting and acquisition. In Hall, R. (ed.) Another Countryside. Policy Options for Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa. Cape Town, Institute for Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies.
    • Hall, R. (2009b) Land reform for what? Land use, production and livelihoods. In Hall, R. (ed.) Another Countryside. Policy Options for Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa. Cape Town, Institute for Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies.
    • Hall, R., Isaacs, M. & Saruchera, M. (2007) Land and agrarian reform in integrated development plans (IDPs). Research Report, No.23. Bellville, Programme for Land and Agrarian Studies.
    • Hall, R., Kleinbooi, K. & Mvambo, N. (2001) What land reform has meant and could mean to farm workers in South Africa. Presentation to SARPN conference on Land Reform and Poverty Alleviation in Southern Africa. Pretoria. 4-5 June
    • Hammar, A. (2001) 'The Day of Burning': Eviction and Reinvention in the Margins of Northwest Zimbabwe. Journal of Agrarian Change, 1:4, 550-574.
    • Hammar, A. (2002) Speaking with Space: Displacements and Claims in the Politics of Land in Zimbabwe. In Webster, N. & Engberg-Pedersen, L. (eds.) In the Name of the Poor: Contesting Space for Poverty Reduction London/New York, Zed Books.
    • Harries, P. (1989) Exclusion, Classification and Internal Colonialism: The Emergence of Ethnicity Among the Tsonga-Speakers of South Africa. In Vail, L. (ed.) The Creation of Tribalism in Southern Africa. London, James Currey.
    • Hart, G. (2002) Disabling Globalization: Places of Power in Post-apartheid South Africa, Pietermaritzburg, University of Natal Press.
    • Harvey, D. (1993) From space to place and back again: Reflections on the condition of postmodernity. In Bird, J., Curtis, B., Putnam, T., Robertson, G. & Tickner, L. (eds.) Mapping the Futures: Local Cultures, Global Change. London and New York, Routledge.
    • Harvey, D. (2006) The Limits to Capital (2nd edition), New York, Verso.
    • Hellum, A. & Derman, B. (2006) Government, Business and Chiefs: Ambiguities of Social Justice through Land Restitution in South Africa. Presentation to Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology Conference on Law and Governance. Halle. November 9-11.
    • Hellum, A. & Derman, B. (2008) Historical Justice and Socio-Economic Development: Tensions in South Africa's Land Restitution Programme. Forum for Development Studies, 35:1, 61-89.
    • Hellum, A. & Derman, B. (2010) The Making and Unmaking of Unequal Property Relations between Men and Women: Shifting Policy Trajectories in South Africa's Land Restitution Process. Nordic Journal of Human Rights, 28:2, 202-229.
    • Hemson, D., Meyer, M. & Maphunye, K. (2004) Rural Development: The Provision of Basic Infrastructure Services. Position Paper. Pretoria, HSRC Integrated Rural and Regional Development Unit.
    • Hendricks, F. (1993) Capitalism and the “Agrarian Question” in South Africa. Bellville, Department of Sociology, University of the Western Cape.
    • Herr, K. & Anderson, G. (2005) The action research dissertation: a guide for students and faculty, London, Sage Publications.
    • Holloway, J. (2005) Change the World Without Taking Power: The Meaning of Revolution Today, London, Pluto.
    • Hughes, D. M. (2006) Hydrology of hope: Farm dams, conservation, and whiteness in Zimbabwe. American Ethnologist, 33:2, 269-287.
    • Jacobs, S. (2004) Livelihoods, Security and Needs: Gender Relations and Land Reform in South Africa. Journal of International Women's Studies, 6:1, 1-19.
    • James, D. (2007) Gaining Ground? 'Rights' and 'Property' in South African Land Reform, Johannesburg, Wits University Press.
    • Jameson, F. (2007) Lenin and Revisionism. In Budgen, S., Kouvelakis, S. & Zizek, S. (eds.) Lenin Reloaded: Towards a Politics of Truth. Durham, Duke University Press.
    • Kaplan, D. (1980) The South African State: The Origins of a Racially Exclusive Democracy. Critical Sociology, 10:2, 85-96.
    • Keeley, J. & Scoones, I. (2003) Understanding environmental policy processes: cases from Africa, London, Earthscan.
    • Kenneth Maluleke and Associates (2004) Munzhedzi Community Land Use and Development Plan. (unpublished).
    • Kingwill, R. (2008) Custom-building freehold title: The impact of family values on historical ownership in the Eastern Cape. In Claassens, A. & Cousins, B. (eds.) Land, Power and Custom: Controversies generated by South Africa's Communal Land Rights Act. Cape Town, UCT Press.
    • Lahiff, E. (2008a) Land Reform in South Africa: A Status Report 2008. PLAAS Research Report 38. Bellville, PLAAS.
    • Lahiff, E. (2008b) 'Capitalist collectivisation'? How inappropriate models of common property are hampering South Africa's land reform. Presentation to Governing shared resources: connecting local experience to global challenges. International Association for the Study of Commons, 12th Biennial Conference. University of Gloucestershire. 14-18 July.
    • Lahiff, E., Maluleke, T., Manenzhe, T. & Wegerif, M. (2008) Land redistribution and poverty reduction in South Africa: The livelihood impact of smallholder agriculture under land reform. PLAAS Research Report 36. Bellville, Programme for Land and Agrarian Studies.
    • Lastarría-Cornhiel, S. (1997) Impact of Privatization on Gender and Property Rights in Africa. World Development, 25:8, 1317-1333.
    • Latour, B. (1987) Science in Action: How to follow scientists and engineers through society, Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press.
    • Leach, M., Bloom, G., Ely, A., Nightingale, P., Scoones, I., Shah, E. & Smith, A. (2007) Understanding Governance: pathways to sustainability, STEPS Working Paper 2. Brighton, STEPS Centre.
    • Lebert, T. (2005) Land Tenure Reform in Namaqualand: Elite capture and the new commons of Leliefontein. MPhil thesis. Programme for Land and Agrarian Studies, University of the Western Cape.
    • Lefebvre, H. (1991) The Production of Space, Oxford, Blackwell Publishing.
    • Lefebvre, H. (2009a) Space: Social Product and Use Value. In Brenner, N. & Elden, S. (eds.) Henri Lefebvre: State, Space, World. Selected Essays. Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.
    • Lefebvre, H. (2009b) Space and the State. In Brenner, N. & Elden, S. (eds.) Henri Lefebvre: State, Space, World. Selected Essays. Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.
    • Lefebvre, H. (2009c) Theoretical Problems of Autogestion. In Brenner, N. & Elden, S. (eds.) Henri Lefebvre: State, Space, World. Selected Essays. Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.
    • Lefebvre, H. (2009d) Space and Mode of Production. In Brenner, N. & Elden, S. (eds.) Henri Lefebvre: State, Space, World. Selected Essays. Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.
    • Legal Resources Centre (2010) Press release: Communal Land Rights Act declared unconstitutional. http://www.lrc.org.za/press-releases/1227-2010-05-11-communalland-right-act-declared-unconstitutional, 3 June 2010
    • Lenin, V. I. (1976) The State and Revolution, Beijing, Foreign Languages Press.
    • Leppan, F. & Sibanda, M. (2011) Land reform under review. http://www.polity.org.za/article/land-reform-under-review-2011-04-20 accessed 19 May 2011
    • Letsoalo, E. (1987) Land Reform in South Africa: A Black Perspective, Johannesburg, Skotaville.
    • Levin, R. (1996) Politics and Land Reform in the Northern Province: A Case Study of the Mojapelo Land Claim. In Lipton, M., Ellis, F. & Lipton, M. (eds.) Land, Labour and Livelihoods in Rural South Africa. Volume 2: KwaZulu-Natal and Northern Province. Durban, Indicator Press.
    • Levin, R. & Mkhabela, S. (1997) The Chieftancy, Land Allocation and Democracy. In Levin, R. & Weiner, D. (eds.) 'No More Tears…': Struggles for Land in Mpumalanga, South Africa. Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press.
    • Lipsky, M. (1981) Advocacy and Alienation in Street-Level Work. In Goodsell, C. (ed.) The Public Encounter: Where State and Citizen Meet. Bloomington, Indiana University Press.
    • Lipton, M. (1996) The Politics of Rural Reform in South Africa. In Lipton, M., De Klerk, M. & Lipton, M. (eds.) Land, Labour & Livelihoods in Rural South Africa. Volume 1: Western Cape. Durban, Indicator Press.
    • Long, N. (1992) From paradigm lost to paradigm regained? The case for an actor-oriented sociology of development. In Long, N. & Long, A. (eds.) Battlefields of Knowledge: the Interlocking of Theory and Practice in Social Research and Development. London, Routledge.
    • Lund, C. (2002) Negotiating property institutions: On the symbiosis of property and authority in Africa. In Juul, K. & Lund, C. (eds.) Negotiating Property in Africa. Portsmouth, New Hampshire, Heinemann.
    • Lund, C. (2010) The Past and Space. On arguments in African land control. (unpublished draft).
    • Mamdani, M. (1996) Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism, Cape Town, David Philip.
    • Manenzhe, T. (2006) Area Land Reform Initiative: An “area-based” approach to land reform in the Makhado municipal area. Presentation to ICARRD conference on "New Challenges and Options for Revitalising Rural Communities". Porto Alegre. 7-10 March.
    • Manji, A. (2001) Land Reform in the Shadow of the State: The Implementation of New Land Laws in Sub-Saharan Africa. Third World Quarterly, 22:3, 327-342.
    • Marais, H. (1998) South Africa: Limits To Change, Cape Town, Zed Books/UCT Press.
    • Marais, H. (2011) South Africa Pushed to the Limit: The Political Economy of Change, Cape Town, UCT Press.
    • Marcus, T. (1989) Modernising Super-exploitation: Restructuring South African Agriculture, London, Zed Books.
    • Marcus, T., Eales, K. & Wildschut, A. (1996) Down to Earth: Land Demand in the New South Africa, Durban/Johannesburg, Indicator Press/LAPC.
    • Marcuse, H. (1968) One Dimensional Man: The Ideology of Industrial Society, London, Sphere Books.
    • Marx, K. (1976) Capital: A Critique of Political Economy, volume 1, Harmondsworth, Penguin.
    • Marx, K. & Engels, F. (1965) Manifesto of the Communist Party, Beijing, Foreign Languages Press.
    • Massey, D. (1994) Space, Place and Gender, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.
    • Mavungeni CPA (2004) Mavungeni Communal Property Association Annual Report, 2002-2004. (unpublished).
    • May, J., Stevens, T. & Stols, A. (2002) Monitoring the Impact of Land Reform on Quality of Life: A South African Case Study. Social Indicators Research, 58:1-3, 293-312.
    • Mbeki, G. (1984) South Africa: The Peasants' Revolt, London, International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa.
    • Meinzen-Dick, R., Brown, L., Feldstein, H. & Quisumbing, A. (1997) Gender, Property Rights and Natural Resources. World Development, 25:8, 1303-1315.
    • Merrifield, A. (2006) Henri Lefebvre: A Critical Introduction, New York/London, Routledge.
    • Meyers, M., Glaser, B. & MacDonald, K. (1998) On the Front Lines of Welfare Delivery: Are Workers Implementing Policy Reforms? Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 17:1, 1-22.
    • Milgrom, R. (2002) Realizing Differential Space? Design Processes and Everyday Life in the Architecture of Lucien Kroll. Capitalism Nature Socialism, 13:2, 75-95.
    • Moore, D. (2005) Suffering for Territory: Race, Place and Power in Zimbabwe, Durham, Duke University Press.
    • Morris, M. (1991) State, capital and growth: the political economy of the national question. In Gelb, S. (ed.) South Africa's Economic Crisis. Cape Town/London/New Jersey, David Philip/Zed Books.
    • Motzafi-Haller, P. (1997) The Politics of Space and Place in the Tswapong Region, Central Botswana. Canadian Journal of African Studies, 31:2, 229-267.
    • Mulaudzi, M. (2000) "U Shuma Bulasi": Agrarian Transformation in the Zouitpansberg District of South Africa, up to 1946. PhD thesis. Graduate School, University of Minnesota.
    • Murray, C. (1987) Displaced Urbanisation: South Africa's Rural Slums. African Affairs, 86:344, 311-329.
    • Nemudzivhadi, M. (1985) When and What: An intorduction to the evolution of the history of Venda. Thohoyandou, Office of the President.
    • Newnham, F. J. (1908) The Native Locations of the Transvaal. Papers on Black Locations in the Transvaal, 1905-1908, A1375, Cullen Library Historical Papers Collection, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
    • Newton, P. & Burgess, D. (2008) Exploring Types of Educational Action Research: Implications for Research Validity. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 7:4, 18-30.
    • Northplan (2004) Land Use and Development Plan for the Shimange Tribal Community. (unpublished).
    • Ntsebeza, L. (2005) Democracy Compromised: Chiefs and the Politics of Land in South Africa, Cape Town, HSRC Press.
    • Nzimande, B. (2003) Farm Workers Organise or Starve. Umsebenzi Online. 20. http://www.sacp.org.za/main.php?include=pubs/umsebenzi/2003/uol025.htm
    • Okoth-Ogendo, H. W. O. (2008) The nature of land rights under indigenous law in Africa. In Claassens, A. & Cousins, B. (eds.) Land, Power and Custom: Controversies generated by South Africa's Communal Land Rights Act. Cape Town, UCT Press.
    • Oomen, B. (2005) Chiefs in South Africa: Law, Power and Culture in the Post-Apartheid Era, Oxford/Scottsville, James Currey/University of Kwa-Zulu Natal Press.
    • Parnell, S. & Crankshaw, O. (2008) South Africa's Spatial Economy: Unpacking the Call for Urban Policy Reform (draft). (unpublished).
    • Peters, P. (2004) Inequality and Social Conflict over Land in Africa. Journal of Agrarian Change, 4:3, 269-314.
    • Peters, P. (2007) Challenges in Land Tenure and Land Reform in Africa: An anthropoligical perspective. CID Working Paper, No. 141. Centre for International Development, Harvard University.
    • Phakathi, B. (2010) State lacks R3,4bn to help new farmers. Business Day, 6 July. 1
    • Pharoah, R. (1999) Social Capital and Women's Participation in Three Land Reform Trusts: A Case of Mixed Blessings. Masters thesis. Centre for Social and Development Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal.
    • Platzky, L. & Walker, C. (1985) The Surplus People: Forced Removals in South Africa, Johannesburg, Ravan Press.
    • Posel, D. (2003) Have Migration Patterns in Post-Apartheid South Africa Changed? Presentation to Conference on African Migration in Comparative Perspective. Johannesburg. 4-7 June.
    • Poulantzas, N. (1978) State, Power, Socialism, London, Verso.
    • Quan, J. (2007) Challenges in the transformation of land unequal local economies: from land reform to territorial development? Land and Territory Research Paper No.8. Greenwich, Natural Resources Institute.
    • Ramutsindela, M. (2007) Resilient geographies: land, boundaries and the consolidation of the former bantustans in post-1994 South Africa. The Geographical Journal, 173:1, 43-55.
    • Republic of South Africa (2009) Remuneration of Public Office Bearers Act (20/1998): Determination of salaries and benefits of Traditional Leaders, Members of the National House and Provincial Houses of Traditional Leaders. Proclamation 85, Government Gazette 32770, 2 December. Pretoria, Government Printer.
    • Rogerson, C. (1998) Restructuring the Post-Apartheid Space Economy. Regional Studies, 32, 187-197.
    • Sack, R. (1986) Human Territoriality: Its theory and history, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
    • Sadiki, P. & Ramutsindela, M. (2002) Peri-urban transformation in South Africa: Experiences from Limpopo province. GeoJournal, 57:1, 75-81.
    • Sapa (2010) Land reform: Use it or lose it, says Minister. Mail and Guardian online. http://www.mg.co.za/article/2010-03-02-land-reform-use-it-or-lose-says-minister 2 March
    • Schmidt, A. (1971) The Concept of Nature in Marx, London, NLB.
    • Scott, J. (1990) Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts, New Haven & London, Yale University Press.
    • Shinns, L. & Lyne, M. (2004) Possible Causes of Poverty within a Group of Land Reform Beneficiaries in the Midlands of KwaZulu-Natal: analysis and policy recommendations. Madison, Wisconsin, BASIS Collaborative Research Support Programme.
    • Sibanda, S. (2000) Policy guidelines on the transfer of state owned land to African traditional communities, other communities, and/or groups and the administration of communal land within the context of the new local government dispensation. Pretoria, Directorate: Tenure Reform, Department of Land Affairs.
    • Sietchiping, R. (2010) Political Economy Of Land Access And Control Over Natural And LandBased Resources: A Means For Conflicts Prevention And Management? Presentation to CAPRi Workshop on Collective Action, Property Rights, and Conflict in Natural Resources Management. Siem Reap, Cambodia. June 28-July 1.
    • Simmons, C. (2005) Territorializing land conflict: Space, place, and contentious politics in the Brazilian Amazon. GeoJournal, 64, 307-317.
    • Singer, J. (2000) Property and Social Relations: From Title to Entitlement. In Geisler, C. & Daneker, G. (eds.) Property and values: alternatives to public and private ownership. Washington DC, Island Press.
    • Singh, S. (2008) Negotiated Domains: Evolving Boundaries, Communities and Policy Spaces. Presentation to 12th Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Commons. University of Gloucester, Cheltenham, England. 14-18 July.
    • SLSA Team (2003) Rights Talk and Rights Practice: Challenges for southern Africa. IDS Bulletin, 34:3, 97-111.
    • Smith, M. (2001) Donald Schön: learning, reflection and change. the encyclopedia of informal education. http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-schon.htm
    • Smith, N. (1984) Uneven Development: Nature, Capital and the Production of Space, Oxford, Basil Blackwell.
    • Soja, E. (1999) Thirdspace: Expanding the Scope of the Geographical Imagination. In Massey, D., Allen, J. & Sarre, P. (eds.) Human Geography Today. Oxford, Polity Press.
    • South African Native Affairs Commission (1905) South African Native Affairs Commission 1903- 1905: Report. Cape Town, Cape Times Ltd.
    • South African Press Association (2009) Over half emerging farmers in trouble, says Minister. News briefing.,
    • Southall, R. (1983) South Africa's Transkei: The Political Economy of an 'Independent' Bantustan, New York, Monthly Review Press.
    • Spierenburg, M. (2005) Spirits and Land Reforms: Conflicts about Land in Dande, Northern Zimbabwe. Journal of Religion in Africa, 35:2, 197-231.
    • Statistics South Africa (2009) Census of Commercial Agriculture 2007 (Preliminary). Pretoria, Statistics South Africa.
    • Stayt, H. (1968) The BaVenda, London, Frank Cass & Co.
    • Supreme Court of Appeal (2006) Popela Community & Others v Goedgelegen Tropical Fruits (Pty) Ltd, Case No. 441/05.
    • The Presidency (2006) National Spatial Development Perspective. Pretoria, The Presidency of the Republic of South Africa.
    • Thrift, N. (1996) Spatial Formations, London, Sage Publications.
    • Union of South Africa (1955) Commission for the Socio-Economic Development of the Bantu Areas within the Union of South Africa, UG 61/1955. Pretoria, Government Printer.
    • Unterhalter, E. (1987) Forced Removal: The Division, Segregation and Control of the People of South Africa, London, International Defence and Aid Fund.
    • Van Averbeke, W., M'Marete, C., Igodan, C. & Belete, A. (1998) An Investigation into Food Plot Production at Irrigation Schemes in Central Eastern Cape. Pretoria, Water Research Commission.
    • van der Walt, A. J. (1995) Towards a theory of rights in property: exploratory observations on the paradigm of post-apartheid property law. South African Public Law, 298-345.
    • van der Walt, A. J. (1999) Property rights and hierarchies of power: a critical evaluation of land reform policy in South Africa. Koers, 64:2&3, 259-294.
    • van Kessel, I. & Oomen, B. (1997) 'One Chief, One Vote': The Revival of Traditional Authorities in Post-Apartheid South Africa. African Affairs, 96, 561-585.
    • van Onselen, C. (1996) The Seed is Mine: The Life of Kas Maine, a South African Sharecropper, 1894-1985, Cape Town, David Philip.
    • van Zyl, I. (2010) Community Ltd. and the Spirit of Ethno-Enterprise: Exploring cultural incorporation and branding among the Makuleke. MA thesis. Social Anthropology, University of Stellenbosch.
    • Vhembe District Municipality (2007) Vhembe Spatial Development Plan. Thohoyandou, Vhembe District Municipality.
    • Vhembe District Municipality (2008) 2008/09 IDP Review approved version. Thohoyandou, Vhembe District Municipality.
    • Viljoen, J. & Tlabela, K. (2006) Rural Tourism Development in South Africa: Trends and challenges. Pretoria, HSRC Press.
    • Vink, N. & Kirsten, J. (2000) A descriptive analysis of employment trends in South African agriculture.
    • Visser, G. & Rogerson, C. (2004) A road runs through it: On tourism infrastructure development in the Golden Gate Highlands National Park. In Rogerson, C. & Visser, G. (eds.) Tourism and development issues in contemporary South Africa. Pretoria, Africa Institute of South Africa.
    • von Warmelo, N. (1932) Contributions Towards Venda History, Religion and Tribal Ritual. Ethnological Publications, Vol. III. Pretoria, Department of Native Affairs.
    • Walker, C. (2003) Piety in the Sky? Gender Policy and Land Reform in South Africa. Journal of Agrarian Change, 3:1&2, 113-148.
    • Walker, C. (2005a) The limits to land reform: Rethinking the 'land question'. Journal of Southern African Studies, 31:4, 805-824.
    • Walker, C. (2005b) Misplaced Agrarianization? Reflections on Ten Years of Land Restitution. Social Research, 72:3, 647-670.
    • Walker, C. (2008) Landmarked: Land Claims & Land Restitution in South Africa, Johannesburg, Jacana.
    • Webb, A. (2000) South African agriculture in the 1970s: a decade of transformation? South African Journal of Economic History, 15:3, 159-179.
    • Wegerif, M., Russell, B. & Grundling, I. (2005) Still Searching for Security: The reality of farm dweller evictions in South Africa, Polokwane/Johannesburg, Nkuzi/Social Surveys.
    • Whitehead, A. & Tsikata, D. (2003) Policy discourses on women's land rights in sub-Saharan Africa: The implications of the return to the customary. Journal of Agrarian Change, 3:1&2, 67-112.
    • Wickham, G. (1983) Power and power analysis: beyond Foucault? Economy and Society, 12:4, 468-498.
    • Williams, G. (1996) Transforming Labour Tenants. In Lipton, M., Ellis, F. & Lipton, M. (eds.) Land, Labour and Livelihoods in Rural South Africa. Volume 2: KwaZulu-Natal and Northern Province. Durban, Indicator Press.
    • Wolford, W. (2003) Producing community: The MST and Land Reform Settlements in Brazil. Journal of Agrarian Change, 3:4, 500-552.
    • Wolford, W. (2004) This Land is Ours Now: Spatial Imaginaries and the Struggle for Land in Brazil. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 94:2, 409-424.
    • Wolpe, H. (1972) Capitalism and cheap labour-power in South Africa: from segregation to apartheid. Economy and Society, 1:4, 425-456.
    • World Bank (1994) South African Agriculture: Structure, Performance and Options for the Future. Discussion Paper 6. World Bank Southern Africa Department.
    • Yawitch, J. (1982) Betterment: The myth of homeland agriculture, Johannesburg, South African Institute of Race Relations.
    • Zartman, W. I. (ed.) (2000) Traditional Cures for Modern Conflicts, African Conflict 'Medicine', Boulder, Lynne Rienner Publishers.
    • Zizek, S. (2008) In Defense of Lost Causes, London & New York, Verso.
  • No related research data.
  • Discovered through pilot similarity algorithms. Send us your feedback.

Share - Bookmark

Download from

Cite this article