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Poole, S. (1999)
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Languages: English
Types: Article
An essay contrasting the symbolic geography and topographies of two important public spaces in Bristol, Brandon Hill and Queen Square, and arguing that through case studies such as this, the contestable nature of public space, and its shifting identity, can be exposed.
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    • 11 Felix Farley's Bristol Journal (hereafter FFBJ), 14 Dec. 1771. For bon®re crowds, see for example the arrangements made for civic celebrations honouring the coronation of George IV: FFBJ, 28 Jul. 1821.
    • 12 This argument is advanced in greater detail in S. Poole, `To be a Bristolian: civic identity and the social order, 1750±1850', in Dresser and Ollerenshaw, Making of Modern Bristol, 82±6.
    • 13 Bristol Mirror, 9 May 1807; E. Kentish, Narrative of the Facts Relative to the Bristol Election as Connected with the Meeting on Brandon Hill (Bristol, 1818); Bristol Mercury, 27 Jun. 1830.
    • 14 Poole, `To be a Bristolian', 84±5. Christmas boxes were withheld from tradesmen who took part, workers threatened with instant dismissal and, at the behest of the Corporation, the whole city subjected to moral exhortations to stay indoors by the select vestries: Cobbett's Political Register, 11 Jan. 1817; FFBJ, 4 Jan. 1817; Bristol Record Of®ce (hereafter BRO), Harford Papers, 28048/C.62, J.S. Harford to J. Harford, 6 Jan. 1817; BRO, Town Clerk's Letter Boxes 1816 and 1817, letters from St Werburghs, St Nicholas and Castle Precincts vestries, and Addington to Mayor of Bristol, 23 Dec. 1816; H. Hunt, Memoirs of
    • 19 FFBJ, 1 and 8 Nov. 1788; T. Beddoes, A Word in Defence of the Bill of Rights Against Gagging Acts (Bristol, 1795).
    • 20 BRO, Corporation Letter Book 1789±1813, J. Morgan to the Duke of Portland, 26 Feb. 1800 (with enclosures); Bristol Mercury, 30 May 1796; FFBJ, 9 May 1807 and 21 Apr. 1810: Bristol Gazette, 13 Oct. 1819.
    • 21 J. Latimer, Annals of Bristol in the Nineteenth Century (Bristol, 1887), 108±9 and 418±19.
    • 22 Bristol Mercury, 16 Feb. 1829.
    • 23 Bristol Mirror, 31 Jul. 1830 and 29 Jul. 1837.
    • 24 See for example, C. McDowall, The History of William Jones and his Two Sisters with an Account of their Visits to the Bristol Fairs (Bristol, 1815), and idem, An Address to the Inhabitants of Bristol Respecting the Evils of the Fairs (Bristol, 1815).
    • 25 Bristol Gazette, 28 Apr. and 11 Aug. 1831; Bristol Mirror, 30 Apr., 7 May, 13 Aug. and 15 Oct. 1831.
    • 26 There is not room for a description of the Bristol reform riots here; the best accounts will be found in Harrison, Crowds and History, 289±314 and J. Caple, The Bristol Riots of 1831 and Social Reform in Britain (Lewiston, 1990).
    • 27 Examples are endemic. See, for instance, Latimer, Annals of Bristol in the Nineteenth Century; G. Pryce, A Popular History of Bristol from the Earliest Period to the Present Time . . . Impartially Written (Bristol, 1861), esp. app. LXXIV; Bristol Mercury, 1 Nov. 1831; FFBJ, 5 Nov. 1831; A.P. Hart, `The Bristol riots and the mass media' (unpublished University of Oxford D.Phil. thesis, 1979), 25±9, 101±2.
    • 35 Bristol Mercury, 9, 16 and 30 Jun. 1832.
    • 36 Ibid., 23 Jun. 1832.
    • 37 Bristol Gazette, 27 Jun. 1832; Bristol Mercury, 30 Jun. 1832.
    • 38 Bristol Gazette, 12 Jul. 1832 (letter from G. Cumberland); Bristol Mercury, 30 Jun. 1832 (letters from `ABC' and `Utilitarian').
    • 39 For NUWC meetings on the hill, see Bristol Mercury, 1 and 8 Jun. 1833; Bristol Gazette, 5 Jun. 1833.
    • 40 Chartist meetings on the hill are reported in FFBJ, 5 and 26 Jan. 1839; 2 Feb. 1839; Bristol Gazette, 26 Dec. 1838, 2 May, 12 Jun. and 17 Jul. 1839. Particularly revealing references to the inverted discipline of the Chartist `police' are contained in a police court report in Bristol Mercury, 4 May 1839. The almost military precision of Supt. Mallalieu's offensive against the Chartists is made clear in BRO, Proceedings of the Watch Committee, 1838±41, esp. the entries for 15 and 22 May 1839. For the ®nal resolution of calls for improvement in the council chamber, see Bristol Gazette, 20 Mar. and 21 Aug. 1839; FFBJ, 24 Aug. 1839.
    • 41 FFBJ, 20 and 27 Aug. 1842; Bristol Gazette, 13 Aug. 1842; 6 Apr. 1848; Northern Star, 8 Apr. 1848; Latimer, Annals of Bristol in the Nineteenth Century, 353±4. Cabot was not the ®rst choice of the elite; an earlier proposal was for `a colossal statue of Edward Colston [the eighteenth-century merchant philanthropist], overlooking the city which contains so many records of his worth', Bristol Gazette, 27 Mar. 1839.
    • 42 Bristol Mercury, 29 Jul. 1837; Bristol Mirror, 29 Jul. 1837.
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