Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Ní Choisdealbha, Áine; Piech, Richard M.; Fuller, John K.; Zald, David H. (2017)
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Journal: Scientific Reports
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Article
Visual stimuli with emotional content appearing in close temporal proximity either before or after a target a stimulus can hinder conscious perceptual processing of the target via an emotional attentional blink (EAB). This occurs for targets that appear after the emotional stimulus (forward EAB) and for those appearing before the emotional stimulus (retroactive EAB). Additionally, the traditional attentional blink (AB) occurs because detection of any target hinders detection of a subsequent target. The present study investigated the relations between these different attentional processes. Rapid sequences of landscape images were presented to thirty-one male participants with occasional landscape targets (rotated images). For the forward EAB, emotional or neutral distractor images of people were presented before the target; for the retroactive EAB, such images were also targets and presented after the landscape target. In the latter case, this design allowed investigation of the AB as well. Erotic and gory images caused more EABs than neutral images, but there were no differential effects on the AB. This pattern is striking because while using different target categories (rotated landscapes, people) appears to have eliminated the AB, the retroactive EAB still occurred, offering additional evidence for the power of emotional stimuli over conscious attention.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Adolphs, R. Neural systems for recognising emotion. Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 12, 169-177 (2002).
    • 2. Pessoa, L. & Adolphs, R. Emotion processing and the amygdala: from a 'low road' to 'many roads' of evaluating biological significance. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 11, 773-783 (2010).
    • 3. Öhman, A., Flykt, A. & Esteves, F. Emotion drives attention: Detecting the snake in the grass. J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. 130, 466-478 (2001).
    • 4. Öhman, A., Lundqvist, D. & Esteves, F. The face in the crowd revisited: A threat advantage with schematic stimuli. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 80, 381-396 (2001).
    • 5. Alpers, G. W. & Gerdes, A. B. M. Here is looking at you: Emotional faces predominate in binocular rivalry. Emotion 7, 495-506 (2007).
    • 6. Yang, E., Zald, D. H. & Blake, R. Fearful expressions gain preferential access to awareness during continuous flash suppression. Emotion 7, 882-866 (2007).
    • 7. Fox, E., Russo, R., Bowles, R. & Dutton, K. Do threatening stimuli draw or hold visual attention in subclinical anxiety? J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. 130, 681-700 (2001).
    • 8. Vuilleumier, P., Armony, J. L., Driver, J. & Dolan, R. J. Eefcts of attention and emotion on face processing in the human brain: An event-related fMRI study. Neuron 30, 829-841 (2001).
    • 9. Most, S. B., Chun, M. M., Widders, D. M. & Zald, D. H. Attentional rubbernecking: Cognitive control and personality in emotioninduced blindness. Psychon. B. Rev. 12, 654-661 (2005).
    • 10. Broadbent, D. E. & Broadbent, M. H. O. From detection to identification: response to multiple targets in rapid serial visual presentation. Percept. Psychophys. 42, 105-113 (1987).
    • 11. Raymond, J. E., Shapiro, K. L. & Arnell, K. M. Temporary suppression of visual processing in an RSVP task: An attentional blink? J. Exp. Psychol. H. P. P. 18, 849-860 (1992).
    • 12. Anderson, A. K. & Phelps, E. A. Lesions of the human amygdala impair enhanced perception of emotionally salient events. Nature 411, 305-309 (2001).
    • 13. Smith, S. D., Most, S. B., Newsome, L. A. & Zald, D. H. An emotion-induced attentional blink elicited by aversively-conditioned stimuli. Emotion 6, 523-527 (2006).
    • 14. Anderson, A. K. Aefctive inuflences on the attentional dynamics supporting awareness. J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. 134, 258-281 (2005).
    • 15. de Jong, P. J., Koster, E. H. W., van Wees, R. & Martens, S. Emotional facial expressions and the attentional blink: Attenuated blink for angry and happy faces irrespective of social anxiety. Cognition & Emotion 23, 1640-1652 (2009).
    • 16. Most, S. B. & Jungé, J. A. Don't look back: Retroactive, dynamic costs and benetfis of emotional capture. Vis. Cogn. 16, 262-278 (2008).
    • 17. Davis, M. & Whalen, P. J. eTh amygdala: vigilance and emotion. Mol. Psychiatry 6, 13-34 (2001).
    • 18. Morris, J. S., Öhman, A. & Dolan, R. J. A subcortical pathway to the right amygdala mediating “unseen” fear. P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 96, 1680-1685 (1999).
    • 19. Schwabe, L., Merz, C. J., Walter, B., Vaitl, D., Wolf, O. T. & Stark, R. Emotional modulation of the attentional blink: The neural structures involved in capturing and holding attention. Neuropsychologia 49, 416-425 (2011).
    • 20. Most, S. B., Smith, S. D., Cooter, A. B., Levy, B. N. & Zald, D. H. eTh naked truth: Positive, arousing distractors impair rapid target perception. Cognition & Emotion 21, 964-981 (2007).
    • 21. Olatunji, B. O., Armstrong, T., McHugo, M. & Zald, D. H. Heightened attentional capture by threat in veterans with PTSD. J. Abnorm. Psychol. 122, 397 (2013).
    • 22. Arnell, K. M., Howe, A. E., Joanisse, M. F. & Klein, R. M. Relationships between attentional blink magnitude, RSVP target accuracy, and performance on other cognitive tasks. Mem. Cognition 34, 1472-1483 (2006).
    • 23. Kawahara, J. I. & Kihara, K. No commonality between attentional capture and attentional blink. Q. J. Exp. Psychol. 64, 991-1008 (2011).
    • 24. Shapiro, K. L., Arnell, K. M. & Raymond, J. E. eTh attentional blink. Trends Cogn. Sci. 1, 291-296 (1997).
    • 25. Logan, G. D. & Gordon, R. D. Executive control of visual attention in dual-task situations. Psychol. Rev. 108, 393-434 (2001).
    • 26. Most, S. B. & Wang, L. Dissociating spatial attention and awareness in emotion-induced blindness. Psychol. Sci. 22, 300-305 (2011).
    • 27. Sakaki, M., Niki, K. & Mather, M. Beyond arousal and valence: eTh importance of the biological versus social relevance of emotional stimuli. Cogn. Aefct. Behav. Neurosci. 12, 115-139 (2012).
    • 28. Milders, M., Sahraie, A., Logan, S. & Donnellon, N. Awareness of faces is modulated by their emotional meaning. Emotion 6, 10-17 (2006).
    • 29. Arnell, K. M., Killman, K. V. & Fijavz, D. Blinded by emotion: Target misses follow attention capture by arousing distractors in RSVP. Emotion 7, 465-477 (2007).
    • 30. Schimmack, U. Attentional interference eefcts of emotional pictures: Threat, negativity or arousal? Emotion 5, 55-66 (2005).
    • 31. Bradley, M. M., Codispoti, M., Sabatinelli, D. & Lang, P. J. Emotion and motivation II: sex diefrences in picture processing. Emotion 1, 300-319 (2001).
    • 32. Lang, P. J., Bradley, M. M. & Cuthbert, B. N. International aefctive picture system (IAPS): Aefctive ratings of pictures and instruction manual. Technical Report A-8. (University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 2008).
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Funded by projects

Cite this article