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Aimufua, Eghosa Godwin
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: DT, NE
The issue of national integration and unity has occupied the apex of national discourse in Nigeria since it secured political independence from Britain in 1960. The Nigerian state's solution to this fundamental issue is rooted in its basic constitutional principle which espouses "unity within diversity". As the Nigerian nation is made up of over 250 ethnic and nationality groups, the issue has always been how to make a "Nigeria" out of these Nigerians. This study seeks to examine the way that Nigeria's constitutional aspirations are reflected (or not) in the Nigerian press. The narrative is told against the backdrop of the Nigerian context, which is a major factor in the press' activities, starting from the historical emancipatory role they played during the colonial period. The study employs qualitative content analysis to examine how newspapers promote any sense of collective Nigerian national identity amongst Nigeria's constituent nationality groups and sectional interests. The period under scrutiny is 1983--1993, a period that saw both civilian and military rule, and press coverage from a wide spectrum of newspapers is analysed---particularly in terms of the variety of newspaper ownership. This is augmented by intensive/in-depth interviews with experts on the Nigerian press, who reflect on how and why the press behave in the way they do. The intensive interviews expose that the success of any press is often dependent on its ability to promote nationality interests as a basis for ensuring a pan-Nigerian national cohesion, though there are issues or interests that unite the Nigerian state which become clearly delineated, articulated and promoted. The major findings from this examination of the press confirm that, within the Nigerian context, these are international issues that are essentially non-contentious and therefore do not contradict the interests of each of the groups within the state. The study finds clear evidence of problems confronting the press in Nigeria, primarily in terms of ownership, control, and lack of professionalism among journalists, reinforced by the Lagos-Ibadan axis (which sees a concentration of the press in the South-west) that supports a specific 'worldview'. This study nonetheless concludes by contending that, firstly, the Nigerian press that promotes nationality and sectional interests can still contribute to national integration, and secondly, the press' success in instilling any sense of collective Nigerian national identity in Nigeria's multi-cultural entities is directly related to how it employs momentous events involving Nigeria to 'flag' the state.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 5.1s The active southerner as against passive northerner
    • 5.1 1 The role played by location o f press
    • 5.1 u The problem o f lack o f infrastructural facilities
    • 5 .1 v Impact o f the N igerian context on press behaviour
    • 5 .1 w The N igerian press reflects contentious issues in society
    • 5.1 x Press perform ance: A result o f lack o f a clearly defined state role
    • 5 .1 y Effects o f pre-independence developm ents on the Nigerian press 5.2 Som e issues that im pact on p ress' constitutional role
    • 5.2a The m otives for setting up newspapers
    • 5.2b N ew spapers set up in response to new socio-econom ic realities
    • 5.2c The com plaints about the journalists
    • 5.2d The press as divisive and prom oting ethnic cleavages
    • 5.2e Professionalism and the press
    • 5.2 f M isleading the reader: Bias, prejudices and editorial as fact
    • 5.2g The control factor in the N igerian press
    • 5.2h Effect o f m edia control on the Nigerian state
    • 5.2i The policies o f governm ent
    • 5.2j Press and governm ent policies 5.3 The im pact o f foreign influence on the N igerian press 5.4 W here press reflects national outlook and promotes a collective identity
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  • No similar publications.

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