LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Field, John
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: DA
Nineteenth century Portsmouth experienced greater continuity\ud of development than most industrial towns. Its size, the\ud military and naval presence, and a large working class,\ud were already well-established by the late eighteenth\ud century. State ownership meant that the Yard was not\ud producing for a competitive product market; other than\ud politically-inspired demands for economy, management had\ud little incentive to rationalize production. The civilian\ud trades were more typical of other areas: mainly small-scale\ud clothing production, often employing women and often based\ud upon outwork.\ud Thanks to the large state sector and the consequent underdevelopment\ud of commercial activities, Portsmouth had few\ud extremely wealthy inhabitants, but many in comfortable\ud circumstances. The most wealthy were often women, followed\ud by retailers, commercial men, building employers, brewers,\ud and a few professional men. Despite a widely-held belief\ud that the town was not sharply differentiated, by wealth,\ud cultural activities were greatly affected by class and status.\ud Yard officials were infrequent participants in high-status\ud activities, unless they held existing naval officer rank.\ud Officers and the Southsea elite were the most frequent\ud participants.\ud The Borough continued to be dominated by %Thig-Liberals after\ud the 1830s. In particular, the role of the Carter family was\ud undiminished for some years. Growth of the electorate,\ud fears for the future of the Dockyard, decline of reformist xenthusiasm,\ud and resentment at Whig policies fed an expanding\ud populist Toryism. Always characterized by high participation\ud by retailers, the status of Councillors fell steadily.\ud Rating was the most important issue in local politics.\ud Authority in the Yard was shared, between the Admiralty,\ud local management, and key groups of craftsmen. Most Yard\ud workers saw no need for trade union organization. Friendly\ud benefits were already covered by non-contributory provision\ud from the employer; repre s ent ationh took place through the\ud committee system and petitioning. Only with the onset of\ud serious demarcation disputes did the labour force start to\ud organize. Outside the Yard, the only permanent organizations\ud were among skilled building workers. Workers were more\ud likely to organize as consumers, through cooperatives; local\ud social leaders could be asked to take up Dockyard issues.\ud The concept of social control has limited value. The i834\ud Poor Law Amendment Act was not fully implemented, and the\ud provision of a workhouse was unwillingly undertaken.\ud Charities were more important in creating or confirming\ud status than in controlling working people. While both poor\ud relief and education were seen as means of social control,\ud working people evaded poor relief through friendly societies\ud or Admiralty provision, and schools met many disciplinary\ud difficulties. The Borough Police demonstrated class bias;\ud only with difficulty were the police themselves brought to\ud accept their role. Most moral reform movements were conspicuous\ud for their failure to secure their ends.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 4:1 Return of Rateable Values, 1851 4:2 4:3 4:4 4:5 4:6 5:1 5:2 5:3 5:4 5:5 5:6 5:7 5:8 5:9 6:1 6:2 6:3 6:4 6:5 6:6 6:7 Annual Salaries of Naval Officers, as set in 1815 and 1862 Distribution of Declared Occupations of Railway Share Subscribers, 1845 9:7 Some Occupational and Social Characteristics of Subscribers to Two Educational Charities, 1830 and 1850 Offences Tried at the Borough Quarter Sessions, 1827-1830 10:6 Disciplinary Of fences in Portsmouth Borough Police, 1836-1854 10:8 Cases Mentioned in the Volume of 'Reports of Trials of Dockyard Employees, 1824-1855' 11:3 Numbers of Pubs and Beershops on Portsea Island, 178'i to 1870 11:i Metropolitan Police Returns of the Number of Prostitutes in Portsmouth, 186i-75 Anon, Four Days at Portsmouth on the Eve of War, March 1854, 1855.
    • Austen, J., Mansfield Park, in R.W. Chapman (ed.), The Novels of Jane Austen, vol. iii, 1934.
    • Barry, P., Dockyard Economy and Naval Power, 1863.
    • Dockyards and Private Shipyards of the Kingdom, 1 ff63.
    • Bentham, Lady, 'On Certain Statements Contained in a Communication to the Statistical Section at Belfast ....', J. Statistical Society xvi, 1853.
    • Besant, W., and Rice, J., By Celia's Arbour: A Tale of Portsmouth Town, i8&8.
    • Cave, T.S. History of the First Volunteer Battalion Hampshire Regiment, 1906 Defoe, P., A Tour Through the lThole Island of Great Britain, 1968 edn.
    • Dickens, C. Little Dorritt, 1856-57.
    • Disraeli, B., Sybil, or The Two Nations, 1845.
    • Dolling, R.R., Ten Years in a Portsmouth Slum, 1896.
    • Dowell, S., A History of Taxation and Taxes in England from the Earliest Times to the Present Day, 1884.
    • Dugdale, T., Curiosities of Great Britain, vol. ii, 1835.
    • Nottley, J.C., The History of Portsmouth, Portsmouth 1801.
    • Northbrook, Earl, (ed.), Journals and Correspondence from 1808 to 1852 of Sir Francis Thornhill Baring1 Winchester 1905.
    • 'Old Naval Surgeon', An Address to the Officers of HM. Navy, Dublin 1821i.
    • Parker, C.S., Life and Letters of Sir James Graham, 2nd Bart. of Netherby, 1792-1861, 2 vols., 1907.
    • Pigot, W., Commercial Directory, 1830.
    • Post ¬£ffice, Hants Directory, 1852.
    • Hants birectory, 174.
    • Price, D.13., A Nemoir of the Late John Pounds of Portsmouth, Landport 1893.
    • Rawlinson, R., Report to the Board of Health on ... the Sanitary Condition of Portsmouth, 1850.
    • Saunders, W.I1., Annals of Portsmouth, Portsmouth 1880.
    • Slight, H., and Slight, J., Chronicles of Portsmouth, Portsmouth 1828.
    • Slight, H., The History of Portsmouth, Portsmouth 1838.
    • Tocqueville, A. de, Oeuvres Compltes, vol. v, Paris 1958.
    • Travers, J.O., Proceedings of the Board of Guardians of the Portsea Island Union, Portsea 1838.
    • Watts, J., History of Portsmouth, Portsea and Gosport, Portsmouth 1799.
    • Wigram, J.C., A Letter on the Spiritual Necessities of Portsea, 1851.
    • Williams, H.N. (ed.), Life and Letters of Admiral Sir Charles Na p ier, K.C.B., 1917.
    • /right, T.7 ('The Journeyman Engineers), The Great Unwashed, - i868, repr. 1970.
    • Admiralty Administration, 1783-1806, London N. Phil., 1967.
    • Social Structure and Working Class Behaviour: Kentish London, i840-i880, London Ph.D., 1976.
    • The Poor of Portsmouth and their Relief, 1820-1850, English Local History Diploma Dissertation, Portsmouth Poly, 1977.
    • Gallagher, A.L. The Social Control of orking Class Leisure in Preston, c.1850-c.1875, Lancaster N.A., 1975.
    • JJallett, 1.E.J. Economic and Social Aspects of the Piped Water Supply in Portsmouth, i800-i86o, C.N.A.'.
    • N. Phil., 1970.
    • The Development of Elementary Education in Hampshire, 1800-1870, Durham M. Ed., 1967.
    • Portsmouth in the Past (1926), repr. 1975.
    • Gerth, H.H. and Mills, C.c. (eds.), From Jax 1eber: Essays in Sociology, 1974.
    • Education in Evolution: Church, State, Society and Popular Education, 1800-1870, 1972.
    • Open University A 401: British 1ites, 1870-1950.
    • The Relief of Poverty, 1834-1914, 1972.
    • Surry, N., and Thomas, J. (eds.), Portsmouth Record Series: Book of Original Entries, 173 1 -5 1 , - Portsmouth 1976.
    • Abercrombie, N. and Turner, B.S., 'The Dominant Ideology Thesis', British J. of Sociology, xxix, 1978.
    • 'The Diary of a Dockyard Worker in 1813', Portsmouth Archives Rev. iii, 1978.
    • 'The Stage-Coach System of South Hampshire, 1775-1 8 51', J. of Hist. Geography i, 1975.
    • 'Class Consciousness in Gidham and other North-Western Industrial Towns, 1830-1850', Just. J., xxi, 1978.
    • 'Craft Consciousness in a Government Enterprise: Medway Dockyarclmen, 1860-1906', Oral 1-list., v, 1977.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article