Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Leunissen, JM; Sedikides, C; Wildschut, T; Cohen, TR
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Languages: English
Types: Article
We report three studies addressing the relevance of organizational nostalgia for the meaning that employees ascribe to their work (work meaning). We hypothesized, and found, that organizational nostalgia enhances work meaning and thereby reduces turnover intentions. In\ud Study 1, an employee survey, spontaneously experienced organizational nostalgia was associated with higher work meaning. In Study 2, an organizational-nostalgia induction increased work meaning, which subsequently predicted lowered turnover intentions. In Study 3, an organizational-nostalgia induction increased work meaning and thereby lowered turnover intentions, especially among employees who reported relatively high levels of burnout. When burnout is high, organizational nostalgia functions as a rich source of meaning that benefits employees’ work experience.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Abeyta, A., Routledge, C., Roylance, C., Wildschut, R. T., & Sedikides, C. (2015). Attachmentrelated avoidance and the social content of nostalgic memories. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 32, 406-413. doi:10.1177/0265407514533770
    • Allan, B. A., Autin, K. L., & Duffy, R. D. (2016). Self-determination and meaningful work: Exploring socioeconomic constraints. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1-9. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00071
    • Amabile, T. M., Barsade, S. G., Mueller, J. S., & Staw, B. M. (2005). Affect and creativity at work. Administrative Science Quarterly, 50, 367-403. doi:10.2189/asqu.2005.50.3.367
    • Appleton, P. R., & Hill, A. P. (2012). Perfectionism and athlete burnout in junior elite athletes: The mediating role of motivation regulations. Journal of Clinical Sports Psychology, 6, 129-145.
    • Argote, L., Insko, C. A., Yovetich, N., & Romero, A. A. (1995). Group learning curves: The effects of turnover and task complexity on group performance. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 25, 512-529. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.1995.tb01765.x
    • Arnold, K. A., Turner, N., Barling, J., Kelloway, E. K., & McKee, M. C. (2007). Transformational leadership and psychological well-being: The mediating role of meaningful work. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 12, 193-203. doi:10.1037/1076-8998.12.3.193
    • Barrick, M. R., Mount, M. K., & Li, N. (2013). The theory of purposeful work behavior: The role of personality, higher-order goals, and job characteristics. Academy of Management Review, 38, 132-153. doi:10.5465/amr.2010.0479
    • Batcho, K. I. (2013). Nostalgia: Retreat or support in difficult times? American Journal of Psychology, 126, 355-367. doi:10.5406/amerjpsyc.126.3.0355
    • Baumeister, R. (2005). Rejected and alone. The Psychologist, 18, 732-735.
    • Blau, G. J., & Boal, K. B. (1987). Conceptualizing how job involvement and organizational commitment affect turnover and absenteeism. Academy of Management Review, 12, 288-300. doi:10.5465/amr.1987.4307844
    • Brown, A. D., & Humphreys, M. (2002). Nostalgia and the narrativization of identity: A Turkish case study. British Journal of Management, 13, 141-159. doi: 10.1111/1467-8551.00228
    • Buhrmester, M., Kwang, T., & Gosling, S. D. (2011). Amazon's Mechanical Turk: A new source of inexpensive, yet high-quality, data? Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6, 3-5. doi:10.1177/1745691610393980
    • Bullock, J. G., Green, D. P., & Ha, S. E. (2010). Yes, but what's the mechanism? (don't expect an easy answer). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98, 550-558. doi:10.1037/a0018933
    • Cartwright, S., & Holmes, N. (2006). The meaning of work: The challenge of regaining employee engagement and reducing cynicism. Human Resource Management Review, 16, 199-208. doi:10.1016/j.hrmr.2006.03.012
    • Cheung, W. Y. Wildschut, T., Sedikides, C., Hepper, E. G., Arndt, J. & Vingerhoets, A. J. J. M. (2013). Back to the future: Nostalgia increases optimism. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39, 1484-1496. doi:10.1177/0146167213499187
    • Clark, S. C. (2000). Work/family border theory: A new theory of work/family balance. Human Relations, 53, 747-770. doi:10.1177/0018726700536001
    • DaSilva, F. B., & Faught, J. (1982). Nostalgia: A sphere and process of contemporary ideology. Qualitative Sociology, 5, 47-61. doi: 10.1007/bf01006418
    • Demerouti, E., Bakker, A. B., Nachreiner, F., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2001). The job demandsresources model of burnout. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 499-512. doi:10.1037//0021- 9010.86.3.499
    • Edwards, J. R., & Lambert, L. S. (2007). Methods for integrating moderation and mediation: A general analytical framework using moderated path analysis. Psychological Methods, 12, 1- 22. doi:10.1037/1082-989x.12.1.1
    • Fiedler, K., Schott, M., & Meiser, T. (2011). What mediation analysis can (not) do. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 1231-1236. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2011.05.007
    • Fredrickson, B. L. (1998). What good are positive emotions? Review of General Psychology, 2, 300-319. doi:10.1037/1089-2680.2.3.300
    • Fredrickson, B. L., & Branigan, C. (2005). Positive emotions broaden the scope of attention and thought-action repertoires. Cognition & Emotion, 19, 313-332. doi:10.1080/02699930441000238
    • Gabriel, Y. (1993). Organizational nostalgia: reflections on 'The Golden Age.' In S. Fineman (Ed.), Emotion in organizations (pp. 118-141). London, UK: Sage.
    • George, J. M., & Jones, G. R. (1996). The experience of work and turnover intentions: interactive effects of value attainment, job satisfaction, and positive mood. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81, 318-325. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.81.3.318.
    • Gillet, N., Vallerand, R. J., Lafrenière, M-A. K., Bureau, J. S. (2013). The mediating role of positive and negative affect in the situational motivation-performance relationship. Motivation and Emotion, 37, 465-479. doi:10.1007/s11031-012-9314-5
    • Greenhaus, J. H., Collins, K. M., & Shaw, J. D. (2003). The relation between work-family balance and quality of life. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 63, 510-531. doi:10.1016/S0001- 8791(02)00042-8
    • Hackman, J. R., & Oldham, G. R. (1976). Motivation through the design of work: Test of a theory. Organizational behavior and human performance, 16, 250-279. doi:10.1016/0030- 5073(76)90016-7
    • Harpaz, I., & Fu, X. (2002). The structure of the meaning of work: A relative stability amidst change. Human Relations, 55, 639-667. doi:10.1177/0018726702556002
    • Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach. Guilford Press.
    • Hepper, E. G., Ritchie, T. D., Sedikides, C., & Wildschut, T. (2012). Odyssey's end: Lay conceptions of nostalgia reflect its original Homeric meaning. Emotion, 12, 102-119. doi:10.1037/a0025167
    • Hepper, E. G., Wildschut, T., Sedikides, C., Ritchie, T. D., Yung, Y.-F., Hansen, N., … & Zhou, X. (2014). Pancultural nostalgia: Prototypical conceptions across cultures. Emotion, 14, 733-747. doi:10.1037/a0036790
    • Hicks, J. A., Schlegel, R. J., & King, L. A. (2010). Social threats, happiness, and the dynamics of meaning in life judgments. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36, 1305-1317. doi:10.1177/0146167210381650
    • Hicks, J. A., Trent, J., Davis, W., & King, L. A. (2012). Positive affect, meaning in life, and future time perspective: An application of Socioemotional Selectivity Theory. Psychology and Aging, 27, 181-189. doi:10.1037/a0023965
    • Holak, S. L., & Havlena, W. J. (1992). Nostalgia: An exploratory study of themes and emotions in the nostalgic experience. Advances in Consumer Research, 19, 380-386.
    • Isen, A. M., Daubman, K. A., & Nowicki, G. P. (1987). Positive affect facilitates creative problem solving. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 1122-1131. doi:10.1037//0022- 3514.52.6.1122
    • Iyer, A., & Leach, C. W. (2009). Emotion in inter-group relations. European Review of Social Psychology, 19, 86 -125. doi:10.1080/10463280802079738
    • Jackson, S. E., Schwab, R. L., & Schuler, R. S. (1986). Toward an understanding of the burnout phenomenon. Journal of Applied Psychology, 71, 630-640. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.71.4.630
    • Johnson, P. O., & Neyman, J. (1936). Tests of certain linear hypotheses and their application to some educational problems. Statistical Research Memoirs, 1, 57-93.
    • Kahn, J. H., Tobin, R. M., Massey, A. E., & Anderson, J. A. (2007). Measuring emotional expression with the linguistic inquiry and word count. American Journal of Psychology, 120, 263-286.
    • Kamdron, T. (2005). Work motivation and job satisfaction of Estonian higher officials. International Journal of Public Administration, 28, 1211-1240. doi:10.1080/01900690500241085
    • King, L. A., Hicks, J. A., Krull, J., & Del Gaiso, A. K. (2006). Positive affect and the experience of meaning in life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90, 179-196. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.90.1.179
    • Krackhardt, D., & Porter, L. W. (1985). When friends leave: A structural analysis of the relationship between turnover and stayers' attitudes. Administrative Science Quarterly, 30, 242-261.
    • Kristensen, T. S., Borritz, M., Villadsen, E., & Christensen, K. B. (2005). The Copenhagen Burnout Inventory: A new tool for the assessment of burnout. Work & Stress, 19, 192-207. doi:10.1080/02678370500297720
    • Lambert, N. M., Stillman, T. F., Baumeister, R. F., Fincham, F. D., Hicks, J. A., & Graham, S. M. (2010). Family as a salient source of meaning in young adulthood. Journal of Positive Psychology, 5, 367-376. doi:10.1080/17439760.2010.516616
    • Little, L. M., Simmons, B. L., & Nelson, D. L. (2007). Health among leaders: Positive and negative affect, engagement and burnout, forgiveness and revenge. Journal of Management Studies, 44, 243-260. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6486.2007.00687.x
    • Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K., & Rose, E. (2009). Athlete burnout in elite sport: A self-determination perspective. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27, 785-795. doi: 10.1080/02640410902929366
    • Loonstra, B., Brouwers, A., & Tomic, W. (2009). Feelings of existential fulfilment and burnout among secondary school teachers. Teaching and Teacher Education, 25, 752-757. doi:10.1016/j.tate.2009.01.002
    • Maslach, C., Schaufeli, W. B., & Leiter, M. P. (2001). Job burnout. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 397-422. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.397
    • Mason, W., & Suri, S. (2012). Conducting behavioral research on Amazon's Mechanical Turk. Behavioral Research Methods, 44, 1-23. doi:10.3758/s13428-011-0124-6
    • McGraw, K. O. (1978). The detrimental effects of reward on performance, a literature review and a prediction model. In M. R. Lepper & D. Greene (Eds.), The hidden costs of rewards, new perspectives on the psychology of human motivation (pp. 33-60). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    • Meade, A. W., & Bartholomew, S. (2012). Identifying careless responses in survey data. Psychological Methods, 17(3), 437-455. doi:10.1037/a0028085
    • Mikulincer, M., Florian, V., & Hirschberger, G. (2003). The existential function of close relationships: Introducing death into the science of love. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 7, 20-40. doi:10.1207/S15327957PSPR0701_2
    • Milligan, M. J. (2003). Displacement and identity discontinuity: The role of nostalgia in establishing new identity categories. Symbolic Interaction, 26, 381-403. doi:10.1525/si.2003.26.3.381
    • Natali, M. P. (2004). History and the politics of nostalgia. Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies, 5, 10- 25.
    • Nord, W. R., Brief, A. P., Atieh, J. M., & Doherty, E. M. (1990). Studying meanings of work: The case of work values. In A. Brief & W. Nord (Eds.), Meanings of occupational work: A collection of essays (pp. 21-64). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
    • Paolacci, G., & Chandler, J. (2014). Inside the Turk: Understanding Mechanical Turk as a participant pool. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23, 184-188. doi:10.1177/0963721414531598
    • Pennebaker, J. W., Francis, M. E., & Booth, R. J. (2001). Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count: LIWC2001 [Computer software and manual]. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    • Pines, A. M., & Keinan, G. (2005). Stress and burnout: The significant difference. Personality and Individual Differences, 39, 625-635. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2005.02.009
    • Pines A. M., & Zaidman, N. (2014). Stress and burnout in bicultural teams in hi-tech industry. British Journal of Management, 25, 819-832. doi:10.1111/1467-8551.12056
    • Podsakoff, N. P., Whiting, S. W., Podsakoff, P. M., & Blume, B. D. (2009). Individual- and organizational-level consequences of organizational citizenship behaviors: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94, 122-141.
    • Pratt, M. G, & Ashforth, B. E. (2003). Fostering meaningfulness in working and at work. In K. S. Cameron, J. E. Dutton, & R. E. Quinn (Eds.), Positive organizational scholarship: Foundations of a new discipline (pp. 309-327). San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.
    • Reid, C. A., Green, J. D., Wildschut, T., & Sedikides, C. (2015). Scent-evoked nostalgia. Memory, 23, 157-166. doi:10.1080/09658211.2013.876048
    • Rosaldo, R. (1989). Imperialist nostalgia. Representations, 26, 107-122.
    • Rosso, B. D., Dekas, K. H., & Wrzesniewski, A. (2010). On the meaning of work: A theoretical integration and review. Research in Organizational Behavior, 30, 91-127. doi:10.1016/j.riob.2010.09.001
    • Routledge, C., Arndt, J., Wildschut, T., Sedikides, C. M., Hart, C., Juhl, J., Vingerhoets, A. J. J. M., & Schlotz, W. (2011). The past makes the present meaningful: Nostalgia as an existential resource. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 638-652. doi:10.1037/a0024292
    • Routledge, C., Sedikides, C., Wildschut, T., & Juhl, J. (2013). Finding meaning in the past: Nostalgia as an existential resource. In K. Markman, T. Proulx, & M. Lindberg (Eds.), The psychology of meaning (pp. 297-316). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
    • Routledge, C., Wildschut, T., Sedikides, C., Juhl, J., & Arndt, J. (2012). The power of the past: Nostalgia as a meaning-making resource. Memory, 20, 452-460. doi:10.1080/09658211.2012.677452
    • Schaufeli, W. B., & Bakker, A. B. (2004). Job demands, job resources, and their relationship with burnout and engagement: A multi-sample study. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25, 293-315. doi:10.1002/job.248
    • Schaufeli, W. B., & Buunk, B. P. (2003). Burnout: An overview of 25 years of research and theorizing. In M. J. Schabracq, J. A. M. Winnubst, & C. L. Cooper (Eds.), The handbook of work and health psychology (pp. 383-428). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
    • Sedikides, C., & Wildschut, T. (2016a). Past forward: Nostalgia as a motivational force. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 20, 319-321. doi:10.1016/j.tics.2016.01.008
    • Sedikides, C., & Wildschut, T. (2016b). Nostalgia: A bittersweet emotion that confers psychological health benefits. In J. Johnson & A. Wood (Eds.), The Wiley handbook of positive clinical psychology (pp. 25-136). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    • Sedikides, C., Wildschut, T., Arndt, J., & Routledge, C. (2008). Nostalgia: past, present, and future. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 304-307. doi:10.1111/j.1467- 8721.2008.00595.x
    • Sedikides, C., Wildschut, T., Routledge, C., & Arndt, J. (2015). Nostalgia counteracts selfdiscontinuity and restores self-continuity. European Journal of Social Psychology, 45, 52-61. doi:10.1002/ejsp.2073
    • Sedikides, C., Wildschut, T., Routledge, C., Arndt, J., Hepper, E. G., & Zhou, X. (2015). To nostalgize: Mixing memory with affect and desire. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 51, 189-273. doi:10.1016/bs.aesp.2014.10.001
    • Sparks, J. R., & Schenk, J. A. (2001). Explaining the effects of transformational leadership: An investigation of the effects of higher-order motives in multilevel marketing organizations. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 22, 849-869. doi:10.1002/job.116
    • Spencer, S. J., Zanna, M., & Fong, G. T. (2005). Establishing a causal chain: Why experiments are often more effective than mediational analyses in examining psychological processes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 845-851. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.89.6.845
    • Steel, R. P., & Ovalle, N. K. (1984). A review and meta-analysis of research on the relationship between behavioral intentions and employee turnover. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69, 673-686. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.69.4.673
    • Steger, M. F., Dik, B. J., & Duffy, R. D. (2012). Measuring meaningful work: the Work and Meaning Inventory (WAMI). Journal of Career Assessment, 20, 322-337. doi:10.1177/1069072711436160
    • Steger, M. F., Littman-Ovadia, H., Miller, M., Menger, L., & Rothmann, S. (2013). Engaging in work even when it is meaningless: Positive affective disposition and meaningful work interact in relation to work engagement. Journal of Career Assessment, 21, 348-361. doi:10.1177/1069072712471517
    • Stephan, E., Sedikides, C., & Wildschut, T. (2012). Mental travel into the past: Differentiating recollections of nostalgic, ordinary, and positive events. European Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 290-298. doi:10.1002/ejsp.1865
    • Stephan, E., Wildschut, T., Sedikides, C., Zhou, X., He, W., Routledge, C., Cheung, W. Y., & Vingerhoets, A. J. J. M. (2014). The mnemonic mover: Nostalgia regulates avoidance and approach motivation. Emotion, 14, 545-561. doi:10.1037/a0035673
    • Strangleman, T. (1999). The nostalgia of organisations and the organisation of nostalgia: Past and present in the contemporary railway industry. Sociology, 33, 725-746. doi:10.1177/S0038038599000462
    • Tett, R. P., & Meyer, J. P. (1993). Job satisfaction, organizational commitment, turnover intention, and turnover: path analyses based on meta‐ analytic findings. Personnel psychology, 46, 259- 293. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6570.1993.tb00874.x
    • The New Oxford Dictionary of English. (1998). (J. Pearsall, Ed.). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    • Ton, Z., & Huckman, R. S. (2008). Managing the impact of employee turnover on performance: The role of process conformance. Organization Science, 19, 56-68. doi:10.1287/orsc.1070.0294
    • Trent, J., Lavelock, C., & King, L. A. (2013). Processing fluency, positive affect, and meaning in life. Journal of Positive Psychology, 8, 135-139. doi:10.1080/17439760.2013.772220
    • Van Dick, R., Christ, O., Stellmacher, J., Wagner, U., Ahlswede, O., Grubba, C., … & Tissington, P. A. (2004). Should I stay or should I go? Explaining turnover intentions with organizational identification and job satisfaction. British Journal of Management, 15, 351-360. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8551.2004.00424.x
    • Van Dijke, M., Wildschut, T., Leunissen, J. M., & Sedikides, C. (2015). Nostalgia buffers the negative impact of low procedural justice on cooperation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 127, 15-29. doi:10.1016/j.obhdp.2014.11.005
    • Van Tilburg, W. A. P., Igou, E. R., & Sedikides, C. (2013). In search of meaningfulness: Nostalgia as an antidote to boredom. Emotion, 13, 450-461. doi:10.1037/a0030442
    • Verplanken, B. (2012). When bittersweet turns sour: Adverse effects of nostalgia on habitual worriers. European Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 285-289. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.1852
    • Vess, M., Arndt, J., Routledge, C., Sedikides, C., & Wildschut, T. (2012). Nostalgia as a resource for the self. Self and Identity, 3, 273-284. doi:10.1080/15298868.2010.521452
    • Wildschut, T., Bruder, M., Robertson, S., Van Tilburg, A. P. W., & Sedikides, C. (2014). Collective nostalgia: A group-level emotion that confers unique benefits on the group. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 107, 844-863. doi:10.1037/a0037760
    • Wildschut, T., Sedikides, C., Arndt, J., & Routledge, C. (2006). Nostalgia: content, triggers, functions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91, 975-993. doi:10.1037/0022- 3514.91.5.975
    • Wildschut, T., Sedikides, C., Routledge, C., Arndt, J., & Cordaro, F. (2010). Nostalgia as a repository of social connectedness: The role of attachment-related avoidance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98, 573-586. doi:10.1037/a0017597
    • Williams, K. D. (2001). Ostracism: The power of silence. New York, NY: Guilford.
    • Wright, T. A., Cropanzano, R., & Meyer, D. G. (2004). State and trait correlates of job performance: A tale of two perspectives. Journal of Business and Psychology, 18, 365-383.
    • Wrzesniewski, A., Dutton, J. E., & Debebe, G. (2003). Interpersonal sensemaking and the meaning of work. Research in Organizational Behavior, 25, 93-135. doi:10.1016/S0191- 3085(03)25003-6
    • Wrzesniewski, A., McCauley, C., Rozin, P., & Schwartz, B. (1997). Jobs, careers, and callings: People's relations to their work. Journal of Research in Personality, 31, 21-33. doi:10.1006/jrpe.1997.2162
    • Ylijoki, O. H. (2005). Academic nostalgia: A narrative approach to academic work. Human Relations, 58, 555-576. doi:10.1177/0018726705055963
    • Zhou, X., Sedikides, C., Wildschut, T., & Gao, D. G. (2008). Counteracting Loneliness: On the Restorative Function of Nostalgia. Psychological Science, 19, 1023-1029. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02194.x
    • Zhou, X., Wildschut, T., Sedikides, C., Shi, K., & Feng, C. (2012). Nostalgia: The gift that keeps on giving. Journal of Consumer Research, 39, 39-50. doi:10.1086/662199
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article