Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Gill, A. L.; Gill, Geoff; Beeching, Nicholas (2008)
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: wc_28, wc_335, wz_64, wa_100

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: humanities
A Polish immigrant, who was resident in the United Kingdom (UK), presented with lepromatous leprosy and was detained in two hospitals against his wishes in the late 1940s. The public reaction to his diagnosis was remarkable, with street riots and questions in the Houses of Parliament about this leper. His wife was persecuted and had to change her name. The index patient died of tuberculosis during enforced isolation in hospital, and several years later his daughter (who had never left the UK) presented with a left median nerve palsy and probable lepromatous dactylitis of the left third finger, eventually requiring amputation and prolonged dapsone treatment. Her disease resolved slowly but completely.\ud We believe these two familial cases represent the first documented episode of autochthonous leprosy transmission in the UK since the early 1920s. They also demonstrate the ability of this disease to engender fear, dissent and discrimination amongst the public. Parallels are drawn with reactions to the cholera epidemics in nineteenth century Britain, and to HIV/AIDS, SARS and multi-drug resistant tuberculosis in more recent times.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Gill AL, Gill GV, Beeching NJ. Leprosy in Britain: 50 years experience in Liverpool. Quart J Med 2006; 97:385-95.
    • 2. Parascandola J. Chaulmoogra oil and the treatment of leprosy. Pharm Hist 2003; 45:47-57.
    • 3. Prabhakaran K, Harris EB, Kirchheimer WF. Effect of inhibition of phenoloxidase of Mycobacterium leprae. J Bacteriol 1969; 100:935-8.
    • 4. Banerjee A. Dr Robert Greenhill Cochrane CMG MD FRCP DTM& H: leprologist par excellence. J Med Biogr 1996; 4:137-40.
    • 5. Wallasey News: 1 February 1947.
    • 6. Wallasey News: 8 February 1947.
    • 7. Wallasey and Wirral Chronicle: 8 February 1947.
    • 8. Official Report 5th Series. Parliamentary Debates - Commons 1946-47; HMSO, London, Vol 432, 21 January to 7 February, p. 1940.
    • 9. Wilson W. A Century of Local Government in Wallasey 1835-1935. Wallasey, Wallasey Corporation, 1935:28.
    • 10. Wallasey Medical Officer of Health Report 1947, Earlston Road, Wallasey, Central Library, p. 22.
    • 11. Wallasey Medical Officer of Health Committee Report 20 March 1947. Wirral Archive W/600/10.
    • 12. Wallasey News: 8 March 1947.
    • 13. Lima S de O. Treatment of tuberculosis in leprosy; pulmonary tuberculosis in Curupaiti; mortality, morbidity and prevention of tuberculosis in lepers. Rev Bras Tuberc Doencas Torac 1952; 20:105-18.
    • 14. Cimons M, Nelson H. Bush is booed as he defends AIDS proposals. Los Angeles Times, 2 June 1987 [http://www. avert.org/his87_92.htm] Accessed 30 May 2007.
    • 15. Tynkkynen K. Four cholera epidemics in nineteenth-century London. Hippokrates 1995; 12:6-88.
    • 16. Gill G, Burrell S, Brown J. Fear and frustration - the Liverpool cholera riots of 1832. Lancet 2001; 358:233-7.
    • 17. Gensini GF, Yacoub MH, Conti AA. The concept of quarantine in history: from plague to SARS. J Infect 2004; 49:257-61.
    • 18. Eyler JM. Scarlet fever and confinement: the Edwardian debate over isolation hospitals. Bull Med Hist 1987; 61:1-24.
    • 19. Fox DM. The history of responses to epidemic disease in the United States since the 18th century. Mt Sinai Med J 1989; 56:223-9.
    • 20. Smith TH. A monument to Lazarus: the leprosy hospital of Rio de Janeiro. Hist Cienc Saude Manghuinos 2003; 10(Suppl. 1):143-60.
    • 21. White C. Carville and Curuputai: experiences of confinement and community. Hist Cienc Saude Manghuinos 2003; 10(Suppl. 1):123-41.
    • 22. Wokaunn M, Juric I, Vrbica Z. Between stigma and dawn of medicine: the last leprosarium in Croatia. Croat Med J 2006; 47:759-66.
    • 23. McCurry J. Japanese leprosy patients continue to fight social stigma. Lancet 2004; 363:544.
    • 24. Sato H, Narita M. Politics of leprosy segregation in Japan: the emergence, transformation and abolition of the patient segregation policy. Soc Sci Med 2003; 56:2529-39.
    • 25. Sato H, Frantz JE. Termination of the leprosy isolation policy in the US and Japan: science, policy changes, and the garbage can model. BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2005; 5:3.
    • 26. Markel H. Journals of the plague years: documenting the history of the AIDS epidemic in the United States. Am J Public Health 2001; 91:1025-8.
    • 27. Perez-Stable EJ. Cuba's response to the HIV epidemic. Am J Public Health 1991; 81:563-7.
    • 28. Herek GM, Capitanio JP. AIDS stigma and contact with persons with AIDS: the effects of personal and vicarious contact. J Appl Soc Psychol 1997; 27:1-36.
    • 29. Gregory DR. AIDS - the leprosy of the 1980s. Is there a case for quarantine?. J Leg Med 1988; 9:547-60.
    • 30. Bayer R, Fairchild-Carrino A. AIDS and the limits of control: public health orders, quarantine and recalcitrant behaviour. Am J Public Health 1993; 83:1471-6.
    • 31. Coker R. Just coercion? Detention of nonadherent tuberculosis patients. Ann NY Acad Sci 2001; 953:216-23.
    • 32. Singh JR, Upshur R, Padayatchi N. XDR-TB in South Africa: no time for denial or complacency. PLoS Med 2007; 4:e50.
    • 33. Selgelid MJ. Ethics and infectious disease. Bioethics 2005; 19:272-89.
    • 34. Health Protection Agency. Leprosy briefing, April 2003. [http://www.hpa.org.uk/infections/topics_az/ leprosy/leprosy_briefing.htm] Accessed 30 May 2007.
    • 35. MacLeod JMH. Contact cases of leprosy in the British Isles. BMJ 1925; 1:107-8.
    • 36. Dockrell HM, Eastcott H, Young A, MacFarlane A, Hussain R, Waters MFR. Possible transmission of Mycobacterium leprae in a group of UK leprosy contacts. Lancet 1991; 338:739-43.
    • 37. Cormier-Lebreton MN, Celerier P, Pasquiou C. Autochthonal leprosy. Ann Dermatol Venereol 1995; 122:606-8.
    • 38. Adams ARD, Macgraith BG. Clinical Tropical Diseases. London, Blackwell, 1950.
    • 39. Britton WJ, Lockwood 363:1209-19.
    • DNJ. Leprosy. Lancet 2004;
    • 40. WHO. Expert Committee on Leprosy, 7th Report, 1998, WHO, Geneva. 1-43.
    • 41. Moet FJ, Pahan D, Schuring RP, Oskam L, Richardus JH. Physical distance, genetic relationship, age and leprosy classification are independent risk factors for leprosy in contacts of patients with leprosy. J Infect Dis 2006; 193:346-53.
    • 42. Moet FJ, Meima A, Oskam L, Richardus JH. Risk factors for the development of clinical leprosy among contacts, and their relevance for targeted interventions. Lepr Rev 2004; 75:310-26.
    • 43. Swain JP, Mishra S, Jena S. Prevalence of leprosy among household contacts of leprosy cases in western Orissa. Indian J Lepr 2004; 76:19-29.
    • 44. Setia MS, Steinmaus C, Ho CS, Rutherford GW. The role of BCG in prevention of leprosy: a meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis 2006; 6:162-70.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Download from

Cite this article