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Keshavmurthy, Shashank; Yang, Sung-Yin; Alamaru, Ada; Chuang, Yao-Yang; Pichon, Michel; Obura, David; Fontana, Silvia; De Palmas, Stephane; Stefani, Fabrizio; Benzoni, Francesca; MacDonald, Angus; Noreen, Annika M. E.; Chen, Chienshun; Wallace, Carden C.; Pillay, Ruby Moothein; Denis, Vianney; Amri, Affendi Yang; Reimer, James D.; Mezaki, Takuma; Sheppard, Charles; Loya, Yossi; Abelson, Avidor; Mohammed, Mohammed Suleiman; Baker, Andrew C.; Mostafavi, Pargol Ghavam; Suharsono, Budiyanto A.; Chen, Chaolun Allen (2013)
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Journal: Scientific Reports
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: QH301, BIO/05 - ZOOLOGIA, DNA barcoding; Stylophora pistillata; Scleractinia, Article

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: parasitic diseases, geographic locations
Stylophora pistillata is a widely used coral “lab-rat” species with highly variable morphology and a broad biogeographic range (Red Sea to western central Pacific). Here we show, by analysing Cytochorme Oxidase I sequences, from 241 samples across this range, that this taxon in fact comprises four deeply divergent clades corresponding to the Pacific-Western Australia, Chagos-Madagascar-South Africa, Gulf of Aden-Zanzibar-Madagascar, and Red Sea-Persian/Arabian Gulf-Kenya. On the basis of the fossil record of Stylophora, these four clades diverged from one another 51.5-29.6 Mya, i.e., long before the closure of the Tethyan connection between the tropical Indo-West Pacific and Atlantic in the early Miocene (16–24 Mya) and should be recognised as four distinct species. These findings have implications for comparative ecological and/or physiological studies carried out using Stylophora pistillata as a model species, and highlight the fact that phenotypic plasticity, thought to be common in scleractinian corals, can mask significant genetic variation.
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    • The authors wish to thank members of the Coral Reef Evolutionary Ecology and Genetics Laboratory (CREEG), Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica (BRCAS), for assistance with sampling and field logistics (Japan, Taiwan, and Malaysia). S.K. was supported by the national science council (NSC) and Academia Sinica postdoctoral fellowship (2008-2012). The study was supported by grants from the NSC and Academia Sinica (2005-2011) to C.A.C. Thanks to Biological Institute on Kuroshio (Kochi, Japan). FB thanks C. Payri, J-L. Menou, J. Butscher, and the Service Plonge´ of IRD Noume´a for allowing sampling in New Caledonia and Sampling in Djibouti and Saint Brandon's was possible thanks to the Tara Oceans Expedition, and to the OCEANS Consortium and to E. Karsenti, E. Bourgois, R. Trouble, and S. Kandels-Lewis. AB thanks Anthony Rouphael and the Saudi Arabian National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development (Saudi Arabia); Cathie Page (Lizard Island, Australia); Tara Expeditions (Djibouti); Rachel Silverstein and Adrienne Correa (Western Australia); Akiyuki Irikawa and Ranjeet Bhagooli (Japan); and Tim McClanahan (Kenya). Funding was provided by a grant from the U.S. National Science Foundation (OCE-0099301), a Doctoral Fellowship from the Australian Museum, the Tiffany & Co. Foundation, and the Lenfest Ocean Program. All coral samples were collected with the correct permits. This is the CREEG, BRCAS contribution no. 80.
    • License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivativs 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
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