Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Skiba, D S; Nosalski, R; Mikolajczyk, T P; Siedlinski, M; Rios, F J; Montezano, A C; Jawien, J; Olszanecki, R; Korbut, R; Czesnikiewicz‐Guzik, M; Touyz, R M; Guzik, T J (2017)
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc.
Journal: British Journal of Pharmacology
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Research Paper, Themed Section: Research Papers
Background and Purpose: \ud \ud Inflammation plays a key role in atherosclerosis. The protective role of angiotensin 1–7 (Ang-(1–7)) in vascular pathologies suggested the therapeutic use of low MW, non-peptide Ang-(1–7) mimetics, such as AVE0991. The mechanisms underlying the vaso-protective effects of AVE0991, a Mas receptor agonist, remain to be explored.\ud Experimental Approach: \ud \ud We investigated the effects of AVE0991 on the spontaneous atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E (ApoE)−/− mice, in the context of vascular inflammation and plaque stability.\ud Key Results: \ud \ud AVE0991 has significant anti-atherosclerotic properties in ApoE−/− mice and increases plaque stability, by reducing plaque macrophage content, without effects on collagen. Using the descending aorta of chow-fed ApoE−/− mice, before significant atherosclerotic plaque develops, we gained insight to early events in atherosclerosis. Interestingly, perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) and adventitial infiltration with macrophages and T-cells precedes atherosclerotic plaque or the impairment of endothelium-dependent NO bioavailability (a measure of endothelial function). AVE0991 inhibited perivascular inflammation, by reducing chemokine expression in PVAT and through direct actions on monocytes/macrophages inhibiting their activation, characterized by production of IL-1β, TNF-α, CCL2 and CXCL10, and differentiation to M1 phenotype. Pretreatment with AVE0991 inhibited migration of THP-1 monocytes towards supernatants of activated adipocytes (SW872). Mas receptors were expressed in PVAT and in THP-1 cells in vitro, and the anti-inflammatory effects of AVE0991 were partly Mas dependent.\ud Conclusions and Implications: \ud \ud The selective Mas receptor agonist AVE0991 exhibited anti-atherosclerotic and anti-inflammatory actions, affecting monocyte/macrophage differentiation and recruitment to the perivascular space during early stages of atherosclerosis in ApoE−/− mice.\ud Linked Articles: \ud \ud This article is part of a themed section on Targeting Inflammation to Reduce Cardiovascular Disease Risk. To view the other articles in this section visit http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bph.v174.22/issuetoc and http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bcp.v82.4/issuetoc

Share - Bookmark

Funded by projects

  • WT

Cite this article