LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Jimenez, S; Hollands, MA; Palmisano, S; Kim, J; Markoulli, M; McAndrew, D; Stamenkovic, A; Walsh, J; Bos, S; Stapley, PJ
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: RC1200, RC0321

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: genetic structures, sense organs
When a single light cue is given in the visual field, our eyes orient towards it with an average latency of 200 ms. If a second cue is presented at or around the time of the response to the first, a secondary eye movement occurs that represents a re-orientation to the new target. While studies have shown that eye movement latencies to ‘single-step’ targets may or may not be lengthened with age, secondary eye-movements (during ‘double-step’ displacements) are significantly delayed with increasing age. The aim of this study was to investigate if the postural challenge posed simply by standing (as opposed to sitting) results in significantly longer eye movement latencies in older adults compared to the young. Ten young (<35 years) and 10 older healthy adults (>65 years) participated in the study. They were required to fixate upon a central target and move their eyes in response to 2 types of stimuli: 1) a single-step perturbation of target position either 15º to the right or left, and 2) a double-step target displacement incorporating an initial target jump to the right or left by 15º, followed after 200 ms, by a shift of target position to the opposite side (e.g., +15º then -15º). All target displacement conditions were executed in sit and stand positions with the participant at the same distance from the targets. Eye movements were recorded using electro-oculography. Older adults did not show significantly longer eye movement latencies than the younger adults for single-step target displacements, and postural configuration (stand compared to sit) had no effect upon latencies for either group. We categorised double-step trials into those during which the second light changed after or before the onset of the eye shift to the first light. For the former category, young participants showed faster secondary eye shifts to the second light in the standing position, while the older adults did not. For the latter category of double-step trial, young participants showed no significant difference between sit and stand secondary eye movement latencies, but older adults were significantly longer standing compared to sitting. The older adults were significantly longer than the younger adults across both postural conditions, regardless of when the second light change occurred during the eye shift to the first light. We suggest that older adults require greater time and perhaps attentional processes to execute eye movements to unexpected changes of target position when faced with the need to maintain standing balance. Keywords: Balance, Ageing, Gaze, Electro-oculography, Target perturbations.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Abel LA, Troost BT, Dellosso LF (1983) The effects of age on normal saccadic characteristics and their variability. Vision Research 23:33-37.
    • Anastasopoulos D, Ziavra N, Hollands MA, Bronstein AM (2009) Gaze displacement and intersegmental coordination during large whole body voluntary rotations. Experimental Brain Research 193:323-326.
    • Becker W, Jurgens R (1979) An analysis of the saccadic system by means of double step stimuli. Vision Research 19:967-983.
    • Bock O, Beurskens R, Helmich I, Rein R (2013) Prefrontal Neural Activation During Dual-Task Walking in Old-Age: An fNIRS Study. Journal of Psychophysiology 27:12-12.
    • Bono F, Oliveri RL, Zappia M, Aguglia U, Puccio G, Quattrone A (1996) Computerized analysis of eye movements as a function of age. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 22:261- 269.
    • Carter JE, Obler L, Woodward S, Albert ML (1983) The effect of increasing age on the latency for saccadic eye-movements. Journals of Gerontology 38:318-320.
    • Creasey H, Rapoport SI (1985) The Aging Human-Brain. Annals of Neurology 17:2-10.
    • Di Cesare S, Anastasopoulos D, Bringoux L, Lee PY, Naushahi MJ, Bronstein AM (2013) Influence of postural constraints on eye and head latency during voluntary rotations. Vision Research 15:1-5.
    • Duhamel JR, Colby CL, Goldberg ME (1992) The updating of the representation of visual space in parietal cortex by intended eye-movements. Science 255:90-92.
    • Fujita T, Nakamura S, Ohue M, Fujii Y, Miyauchi A, Takagi Y, Tsugeno H (2005) Effect of age on body sway assessed by computerized posturography. Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism 23:152-156.
    • Gaveau V, Pisella L, Priot A-M, Fukui T, Rossetti Y, Pelisson D, Prablanc C (2014) Automatic online control of motor adjustments in reaching and grasping. Neuropsychologica 55:25- 40.
    • Gaymard B, Ploner CJ, Rivaud S, Vermersch AI, Pierrot-Deseilligny C (1998) Cortical control of saccades. Experimental Brain Research 123:159-163.
    • Gredeback G, Kochukhova O (2010) Goal anticipation during action observation is influenced by synonymous action capabilities, a puzzling developmental study. Experimental Brain Research 202:493-497.
    • Guerraz M, Bronstein AM (2008) Ocular versus extraocular control of posture and equilibrium. Clinical Neurophysiology 38:391-398.
    • Hollands MA, Ziavra NV, Bronstein AM (2004) A new paradigm to investigate the roles of head and eye movements in the coordination of whole-body movements. Experimental Brain Research 154:261-266.
    • Hotson JR, Steinke GW (1988) Vertical and horizontal saccades in sging and dementia - Failure to inhibit anticipatory saccades. Neuroophthalmology 8:267-273.
    • Hu YB, Walker R (2011) The neural basis of parallel saccade programming: An fMRI study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 23:3669-3680.
    • Hua S, Leonard JA, Hilderley JA, Stapley PJ (2013) Postural configuration does not alter unperturbed or perturbed reach movement kinematics. Experimental Brain Research 227:63-78.
    • Huaman AG, Sharpe JA (1993) Vertical saccades in senescence. Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 34:2588-2595.
    • Hytonen M, Pyykko I, Aalto H, Starck J (1993) Postural control and age. Acta OtoLaryngologica 113:119-122.
    • Ibbotson M, Krekelberg B (2011) Visual perception and saccadic eye movements. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 21:553-558.
    • Jacobs JV, Horak FB (2007) Cortical control of postural responses. Journal of Neural Transmission 114:1339-1348.
    • Klein C, Fischer B, Hartnegg K, Heiss WH, Roth M (2000) Optomotor and neuropsychological performance in old age. Experimental Brain Research 135:141-154.
    • Krippendorf K (1970) Estimating the reliability, systematic error and random error of interval data. Educational and Psychological Measurement 30:61-70.
    • Krippendorf K (2004) Reliability in content analysis: Some common misconceptions and recommendations. Human Communication Research 30:411-433.
    • Legrand A, Mazars KD, Lazzareschi J, Lemoine C, Olivier I, Barra J, Bucci MP (2013) Differing effects of prosaccades and antisaccades on postural stability. Experimental Brain Research 227:397-405.
    • Lord SR, Menz HB, Sherrington C (2006) Home environment risk factors for falls in older people and the efficacy of home modifications. Age and Ageing 35:55-59.
    • McPeek RM, Skavenski AA, Nakayama K (2000) Concurrent processing of saccades in visual search. Vision Research 40:2499-2516.
    • Monzani D, Setti G, Marchioni D, Genovese E, Gherpelli C, Presutti L (2005) Repeated visually-guided saccades improves postural control in patients with vestibular disorders. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 25:224-232.
    • Moschner C, Baloh RW (1994) Age-related-changes in visual tracking. Journals of Gerontology 49:M235-M238.
    • Munoz DP, Broughton JR, Goldring JE, Armstrong IT (1998) Age-related performance of human subjects on saccadic eye movement tasks. Experimental Brain Research 121:391- 400.
    • Maylor EA, Wing AM (1996) Age differences in postural stability are increased by additional cognitive demands. J Gerontol 51B: 143-154.
    • Owsley C (2011) Aging and vision. Vision Research 51:1610-1622.
    • Pelisson D, Alahyane N, Panouilleres M, Tilikete C (2010) Sensorimotor adaptation of saccadic eye movements. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 34:1103-1120.
    • Reed-Jones JG, Reed-Jones RJ, Hollands MA (2014) Is the size of the useful field of view affected by postural demands associated with standing and stepping? Neuroscience Letters 566:27-31.
    • Rhodes BJ, Bullock D, Verwey WB, Averbeck BB, Page MPA (2004) Learning and production of movement sequences: Behavioral, neurophysiological, and modeling perspectives. Human Movement Science 23:699-746.
    • Rougier P, Garin M (2006) Performing saccadic eye movements modifies postural control organisation. Clinical Neurophysiology 36:235-243.
    • Rubichi S, Neri M, Nicoletti R (1999) Age-related slowing of control processes: Evidence from a response coordination task. Cortex 35:573-582.
    • Sarlegna FR (2006) Impairment of online control of reaching movements with aging: A doublestep study. Neuroscience Letters 403:309-314.
    • Scialfa CT, Joffe KM (1997) Age differences in feature and conjunction search: Implications for theories of visual search and generalized slowing. Aging Neuropsychology and Cognition 4:227-246.
    • Sharpe JA, Sylvester TO (1978) Effect of aging on horizontal smooth pursuit. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 17:465-468.
    • Speers RA, Kuo AD, Horak FB (2002) Contributions of altered sensation and feedback responses to changes in coordination of postural control due to aging. Gait & Posture 16:20-30.
    • Spooner JW, Sakala SM, Baloh RW (1980) Effect of aging on eye tracking. Archives of Neurology 37:575-576.
    • Tian J, Ying HS, Zee DS (2013) Revisiting corrective saccades: Role of visual feedback. Vision Research 89:54-64.
    • Uchida T, Hashimoto M, Suzuki N, Takegami T, Iwase Y (1979) Effects of periodic saccades on the body sway in human subjects. Neuroscience Letters 13:253-258.
    • Uchiyama M, Demura S (2008) Low visual acuity is associated with the decrease in postural sway. The Tohoku Journal Of Experimental Medicine 216:277-285
    • van Wegen EE, van Emmerik RE, Riccio GE (2002) Postural orientation: age-related changes in variability and time-to-boundary. Human Movement Science 21:61-84.
    • Warabi T, Kase M, Kato T (1984) Effect of aging on the accuracy of visually guided saccadic eye-movement. Annals of Neurology 16:449-454.
    • Wheeless LL, Boynton RM, Cohen GH (1966) Eye-movement responses to step and pulse-step stimuli. Journal of the Optical Society of America 56:956.
    • Wong AL, Shelhamer M (2012) Using prediction errors to drive saccade adaptation: the implicit double-step task. Experimental Brain Research 222:55-64.
    • Yang Q, Kapoula Z, Debay E, Coubard O, Orssaud C, Samson M (2006) Prolongation of latency of horizontal saccades in elderly is distance and task specific. Vision Research 46:751- 759.
    • Young WR, Hollands MA (2012) Newly acquired fear of falling leads to altered eye movement patterns and reduced stepping safety: a case study. PLoS One 7:e49765.
    • Zar JH (1999) Biostatistical Analysis. 4th Edition. Prentice Hall.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Download from

Cite this article