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Whittaker, W.; Sutton, M.; Macdonald, S.; Maxwell, M.; Smith, M.; Wilson, P.; Morrison, J. (2012)
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:
Objective To investigate relationship of mental ill health to absence from work in different occupational classifications.

\ud \ud Method Examined sickness absence, mental health (GHQ-12), physical health, job characteristics, and personal characteristics in 18 waves of the British Household Panel Survey.

\ud \ud Results Overall sickness absence rate was 1.68%. Increased absence was associated with age greater than 45 years, female gender, lower occupational classification, and public-sector employers. Decreased absence was associated with part-time working. Scoring 4 or more on the General Health Questionnaire 12-item version (GHQ-12 caseness) was strongly associated with sickness absence. Public-sector employers had highest rates of sickness absence. GHQ-12 caseness had largest impact on absence in the public and nonprofit sectors, whereas physical health problems impacted more in the private sector.

\ud \ud Conclusions GHQ-12 caseness is strongly associated with increased absence in all classifications of occupations. Differences between sectors require further investigation.
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