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Dodds, C; Weait, M; Bourne, A; Egede, S; Jessup, K; Weatherburn, P; Sigma Research (2013)
Publisher: Sigma Research, London
Languages: English
Types: Book
Keeping Confidence is a qualitative research study that explores the\ud perceptions of criminal prosecutions for HIV transmission among those providing\ud support, health and social care services for people with HIV. The main findings of\ud the study are described in detail in four focussed reports, listed in the box above. This executive summary gives\ud information about the background and methods of the project, and provides an overview of key themes and findings,\ud concluding with recommendations relevant to those planning and delivering services for people with diagnosed HIV.\ud Catherine Dodds, Matthew Weait, Adam Bourne, Siri Egede, Kathie Jessup and Peter Weatherburn.\ud Five short reports outlining the key findings of the study focus on the main themes arising from our analysis of the focus group discussions. The findings and associated policy and practice recommendations will be of interest to: those who provide HIV health and social care and their professional bodies (for instance NHIVNA, CHIVA, BHIVA, BASHH, SSHA, BPS), police and others who play a role in criminal investigations and trials, and people with diagnosed HIV.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Terrence Higgins Trust (2009) Policing transmission: A review of police handling of criminal investigations relating to transmission of HIV in England and Wales, 2005-2008. London,Terrence Higgins Trust.
    • 2. Crown Prosecution Service (2011) Intentional or reckless transmission of sexual infection guidance (web resource only). London, CPS.
    • 3. Dodds C,Weatherburn P, Bourne A, Hammond G,Weait M, Hickson F, Reid D, Jessup K (2009) Sexually charged:The views of gay and bisexual men on criminal prosecution for HIV transmission. London, Sigma Research.
    • 4. Dodds C, Bourne A,Weait M (2009) Responses to criminal prosecutions for HIV transmission among gay men with HIV in England and Wales. Reproductive Health Matters, 17(34): 135-145.
    • 5. Dodds C, Keogh P (2006) Criminal convictions for HIV transmission: people living with HIV respond. International Journal of STD & AIDS, 17(5): 315-318.
    • 6. Adam B, Elliott R, Corriveau P,Travers R, English K (2012) How criminalization is affecting people living with HIV in Ontario. Toronto, Ontario HIV Treatment Network.
    • 7. Mykhalovskiy E, Betteridge G, McLay D (2010) HIV non-disclosure and the criminal law: establishing policy options for Ontario. Toronto, Ontario HIV Treatment Network.
    • 8. Galletly C, Dickson-Gomez J (2009) HIV seropositive status disclosure to prospective sex partners and criminal laws that require it: perspectives of persons living with HIV. International Journal of STD & AIDS, 20: 613-618.
    • 9. Burris S, Beletsky L, Burleson J, Case P, Lazzarini Z (2007) Do criminal laws influence HIV risk behaviour? An empirical trial . Arizona State Law Journal, 39: 467-517.
    • 10. Horvath K,Weinmeyer R, Rosser S (2010) Should it be illegal for HIV-positive persons to have unprotected sex without disclosure? An examination of attitudes among US men who have sex with men and the impact of state law. AIDS Care, 22(10): 1221-1228.
    • 11. Lowbury R, Kinghorn G (2006) Criminal prosecution for HIV transmission: a threat to public health. British Medical Journal, 333: 666-667.
    • 12. Mykhalovskiy E (2011) The problem of 'significant risk': exploring the public health impact of criminalizing HIV non-disclosure. Social Science and Medicine, 75 (5): 668-675.
    • 13. O'Byrne P, Gagnon M (2012) HIV criminalization and nursing practice. (special issue) Aporia: the Nursing Journal, 4(2):16-26.
    • 4. Existing professional guidance and associated documents should be discussed and adapted for local use. This will translate differently in specific settings, and it may lead to the development of local criminalisation policies or protocols, or values statements in some workplaces. At a minimum, such activities should strive for internal consistency on advice, facilitation and support.
    • 5. Opportunities should be created for clinics and community-based organisations to exchange best practice as it relates to criminal prosecution for HIV transmission and to discuss where they agree and disagree on a conceptual level about the ethics of responsibility and public health in HIV prevention.
    • 6. Alongside the development of local criminalisation protocols, all organisations will need to review their confidentiality policies, ensuring that they are accessible to service users, and compatible with internal agreements about criminalisation.
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