Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Ingram, Julie; Maye, Damian; Kirwan, James; Curry, Nigel R; Kubinakova, Katarina (2014)
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Journal: The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: G1, S1, SB
This article utilizes the Communities of Practice (CoP) framework to examine learning processes among a group of permaculture practitioners in England, specifically examining the balance between core practices and boundary processes.\ud \ud The empirical basis of the article derives from three participatory workshops and 14 interviews with permaculture practitioners distributed across England.\ud \ud The research found that permaculture practitioners are informally bound together by shared values, expertise and passion for the joint enterprise of permaculture, thus corresponding to a CoP. It found that core practices (situated learning, mutual engagement, joint enterprise and shared repertoire) are strong but also that boundary processes are active, enabling learning and interaction to take place with other learning systems, although this tends to be restricted to those with similar perspectives. This, and the strong cohesion and identity of the CoP, leads to some insularity.\ud \ud Scholars propose that innovative groups can strengthen the conventional Agricultural Knowledge System (AKS). This research, however, shows that the potential for the permaculture CoP to integrate with the conventional AKS is limited due to its insularity and self-reliance, in that the Permaculture Association fulfils the role of information provision and network facilitation. Most opportunities for integration lay in facilitating brokerage and dialogue between members at the periphery of the permaculture CoP and the AKS.\ud \ud The research provides a critique on the use and value of the CoP framework in a new context and offers insights into how learning takes place in the permaculture community.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Aarts, N., C. Van Woerkum, and B. Vermunt. 2007. “Policy and Planning in the Dutch Countryside: The Role of Regional Innovation Networks.” Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 50 (6): 727-744. doi:10.1080/09640560701608473.
    • Allen, J. 2000. “Power/Economic Knowledges: Symbolic and Spatial Formations.” In Knowledge, Space, Economy, edited by J. Bryson, P. W. Daniels, N. Henry, and J. Pollard, 15-33. London: Routledge.
    • Amin, A., and J. Roberts. 2008. “Knowing in Action: Beyond Communities of Practice.” Research Policy 37 (2): 353-369. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2007.11.003.
    • Barston, D., and K. Tusting, eds. 2005. Beyond Communities of Practice: Language Power and Social Context. New York: Cambridge University Press.
    • Brown, J. S., and P. Duguid. 1991. “Organizational Learning and Communities of Practice. Toward a Unified view of Working, Learning, and Innovation.” Organization Science 2 (1): 40-57. doi:10.1287/orsc.2.1.40.
    • Brown, J. S., and P. Duguid. 2001a. “Knowledge and Organization: A Social-Practice Perspective.” Organization Science 12 (2): 198-213. doi:10.1287/orsc.
    • Brown, J. S., and P. Duguid. 2001b. “Structure and Spontaneity: Knowledge and Organization.” In Managing Industrial knowledge, edited by I. Nonaka and D. J. Teece, 44-67. London, UK: Sage.
    • Brown, J. S., and P. Duguid. 2002. The Social Life of Information. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
    • Brunori, G., D. Barjolle, A. Dockes, S. Helmle, J. Ingram, L. Klerkx, H. Moschitz, G. Nemes, and T. Tisenkopfs. 2013. “CAP Reform and Innovation: The Role of Learning and Innovation Networks.” Eurochoices 12 (2): 27-33.
    • Brunori, G., and A. Rossi. 2000. “Synergy and Coherence through Collective Action: Some Insights from Wine Routes in Tuscany.” Sociologia Ruralis 40 (4): 409-423. doi:10.1111/ 1467-9523.00157.
    • Darnhofer, I., M. Schermer, and W. Schneeberger. 2008. “Editorial: Continuity and change in Organic Farming - Philosophy, Policy and Practice.” International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology 7: 1-4.
    • Duguid, P. 2005. “'The art of knowing': Social and Tacit Dimensions of Knowledge and the Limits of the Community of Practice.” The Information Society 21 (2): 109-118.
    • Eastwood, C. R., D. F. Chapman, and M. S. Paine. 2012. “Networks of Practice for CoConstruction of Agricultural Decision Support Systems: Case Studies of Precision Dairy Farms in Australia.” Agricultural Systems 108: 10-18. doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2011.12.005.
    • Engeström, Y. 2007. “From Communities of Practice to Mycorrhizae.” In Communities of Practice: Critical Perspectives, edited by J. Hughes, N. Jewson, and L. Unwin. London: Routledge.
    • EU SCAR. 2012. Agricultural Knowledge and Innovation Systems in Transition - A Reflection Paper. Brussels: European Union.
    • Hall, J., and J. Pretty. 2008. “Then and Now: Norfold Farmers' Changing Relationships and Linkages with Government Agencies During Transformations in Land Management.” Journal of Farm Management 13 (6): 393-418.
    • Holmgren, D. 2002. Permaculture: Principles and Pathways beyond Sustainability. Hepburn, VIC: Holmgren Design Services.
    • Home, R., and H. Moschitz. 2013. Elaboration of a Transdisciplinary Method for SOLINSA. Report on the Learning Methodology to be Implemented in the Project. SOLINSA Deliverable 5.1. Available at www.solinsa.net.
    • Ingram, J. 2010. “Technical and Social Dimensions of Farmer Learning: An Analysis of the Emergence of Reduced Tillage Systems in England.” Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 34 (2): 183-20. doi:10.1080/10440040903482589.
    • Klerkx, L., N. Aarts, and C. Leeuwis. 2010. “Adaptive Management in Agricultural Innovation Systems: The Interactions between Innovation Networks and their Environment.” Agricultural Systems 103 (6): 390-400.
    • Knickel, K., G. Brunori, S. Randa, and J. Proost. 2009. “Towards a Better Conceptual Framework for Innovation Processes in Agriculture and Rural Development: From Linear Models to Systemic Approaches.” Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension 15 (2): 131-146. doi:10.1080/13892240902909064.
    • Lave, J., and E. Wenger. 1991. Situated Learning: Legitimate Peripheral Participation (Learning in Doing: Social, Cognitive and Computational Perspectives). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Leeuwis, C., and A. Van den Ban. 2004. Communication for Rural Innovation: Rethinking Agricultural Extension. Oxford: Blackwell Science.
    • Lindkvist, L. 2005. “Knowledge Communities and Knowledge Collectivities: A Typology of Knowledge Work in Groups.” Journal of Management Studies 42 (6): 1189-1210. doi:10.1111/ j.1467-6486.2005.00538.x.
    • Madsen, M. L., and E. Noe. 2012. “Communities of Practice in Participatory Approaches to Environmental Regulation. Prerequisites for Implementation of Environmental Knowledge in Agricultural Context.” Environmental Science and Policy 18: 25-33. doi:10.1016/j. envsci.2011.12.008.
    • Mollison, B. 1988. Permaculture - A Designer's Manual. Tyalgum, New South Wales, Tagari Publications.
    • Mollison, B., and D. Holmgren. 1978. Permaculture One. A Perennial Agriculture for Human Settlements. Melbourne: Trasworld.
    • Morgan, S. L. 2011. “Social Learning among Organic Farmers and the Application of the Communities of Practice Framework.” Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension 17 (1): 99-112. doi:10.1080/1389224X.2011.536362.
    • O'Kane, M. P., M. S. Paine, and B. J. King. 2008. “Context, Participation and Discourse: The Role of the Communities of Practice Concept in Understanding Farmer Decision-Making.” Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension 14 (3): 187-201. doi:10.1080/13892240802320388.
    • Oreszczyn, S., A. Lane, and S. Carr. 2010. “The Role of Networks of Practice and Webs of Influencers on Farmers' Engagement with and Learning about Agricultural Innovations.” Journal of Rural Studies 26 (4): 404-417.
    • Pahl-Wostl, C., M. Craps, A. Dewulf, E. Mostert, D. Tabara, and T. Taillieu. 2007. “Social Learning and Water Resources Management.” Ecology and Society 12 (2): 5.
    • Permaculture Association. 2011. Strategic Plan. 2011-2018. Leeds: Permaculture Association.
    • Pickerill, J. 2012. “Permaculture in practice: Low Impact Development in Britain.” In Localizing Environmental Anthropology: Bioregionalism, Permaculture, and Ecovillage Design for a Sustainable Future, edited by J. Lockyer and J. Veteto. New York: Berghahn Books.
    • Probst, G., and S. Borzillo. 2008. “Why Communities of Practice Succeed and Why they Fail.” European Management Journal 26 (5): 335-347. doi:10.1016/j.emj.2008.05.003.
    • Roberts, J. 2006. “Limits to Communities of Practice.” Journal of Management Studies 43 (3): 623-639. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6486.2006.00618.x.
    • Roling, N., and M. A. E. Wagemakers, eds. 2000. Facilitating Sustainable Agriculture: Participatory Learning and Adaptive Management in Times of Environmental Uncertainty. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Schneider, F., P. Fry, T. Ledermann, and S. Rist. 2009. “Social Learning Processes in Swiss Soil Protection-The 'From Farmer - To Farmer' Project.” Human Ecology 37 (4): 475-489. doi:10.1007/s10745-009-9262-1.
    • Sligo, F. X., and C. Massey. 2007. “Risk, Trust and Knowledge Networks in Farmers' Learning.” Journal of Rural Studies 23 (2): 170-182. doi:10.1016/j.jrurstud.2006.06.001.
    • Smits, R., and S. Kuhlmann. 2004. “The Rise of Systemic Instruments in Innovation Policy.” International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy 1 (1/2): 4-30. doi:10.1504/ IJFIP.2004.004621.
    • Star S. L., and J. R. Griesemer. 1989. “Institutional Ecology, 'Translations' and Boundary Objects: Amateurs and Professionals in Berkeley's Museum of Vertebrate Zoology.” Social Studies of Science 19 (3): 387-420. doi:10.1177/030631289019003001.
    • Swan, J., H. Scarbrough, and M. Robertson. 2002. “The Construction of Communities of Practice in the Management of Innovation.” Management Learning 33: 476-496. doi:10.1177/ 1350507602334005.
    • Tagliaventi, M. R., and E. Mattarelli. 2006. “The Role of Networks of Practice, Value Sharing, and Operational Proximity in Knowledge Flows between Professional Groups.” Human Relations 59 (3): 291-319. doi:10.1177/0018726706064175.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Published in

Funded by projects


Cite this article