LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Swann, George E.A. (2010)
Publisher: Springer
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: bacterial infections and mycoses, human activities
Existing techniques for measuring sediment Biogenic Silica (BSi) concentrations rely largely on conventional (Si-only) wet-alkaline digestion methods. Although results have provided detailed palaeoenvironmental information, potential errors can arise in accounting for sources of non-BSi. Here, I compare a conventional Si-only method to a Si/Al wet-alkaline digestion method, which in theory provides a more robust correction for concentrations of non-BSi. Late glacial/Holocene-aged sediment from Lake Baikal, Russia was used for the comparison. Results showed no significant difference between the two techniques, indicating that existing Si-only BSi methods are suitable for reconstructing environmental changes when levels of digested non-BSi are low to moderate.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Berger WH, Smetacek VS, Wefer G (1989) Ocean productivity and paleoproductivity - an overview. In: Berger WH, Smetacek VS, Wefer G (Eds.), Productivity of the Ocean: Present and Past. J. Wiley and Sons, Chichester, pp. 429-455.
    • Carter SJ, Colman SM (1994) Biogenic silica in Lake Baikal sediments: results from 1990-1992 American Cores. Journal of Great Lakes Research 20: 751-760
    • Charlet F, Fagel N, De Batist M, Hauregard F, Minnebo B, and Meischner D, SONIC Team (2005) Sedimentary dynamics on isolated highs in Lake Baikal: evidence from detailed high-resolution geophysical data and sediment cores. Global Planet Change 46: 125-144
    • Colman SM, Peck JA, Karabanov EB, Carter SJ, Bradbury JP, King JW, Williams DF (1995) Continental climate response to orbital forcing from biogenic silica records in Lake Baikal. Nature 378: 769-771
    • Colman SM, Peck JA, Hatton J, Karabanov EB, King JW (1999) Biogenic silica records from the BDP-93 site and adjacent areas of the Selenga Delta, Lake Baikal, Siberia. J Paleolimnol. 21: 9-17
    • Conley DJ, Schelske CL (2001) Biogenic Silica. In: Smol JP, Birks HJB, Last WM (eds) Tracking environmental change using lake sediments: Volume 3. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht pp. 281-293
    • Cortese G, Gersonde R, Hillenbrand C-D, Kuhn G (2004) Opal sedimentation shifts in the World Ocean over the last 15 Myr. Earth Planet Sc Lett 224: 509- 527
    • DeMaster DJ (1979) The marine budget of silica and 32Si. Ph.D Thesis, Yale University, 308 pp
    • DeMaster DJ (1981) The supply and accumulation of silica in the marine environment. Geochim Cosmochim Ac 45: 1715-1732.
    • Dixit S, Van Cappellen PA (2002) Surface chemistry and reactivity of biogenic silica. Geochim Cosmochim Ac 66: 2559-2568
    • Dixit S, Van Cappellen PA, van Bennekom J (2001) Processes controlling solubility of biogenic silica and pore water build-up of silicic acid in marine sediments. Mar Chem 73: 333-352
    • Dugdale RC, Lyle M, Wilkerson FP, Chai F, Barber RT, Peng T-H (2004) Influence of equatorial diatom processes on Si deposition and atmospheric CO2 cycles at glacial/interglacial timescales. Paleoceanography 19: PA3011: doi:10.1029/2003PA000929
    • Eggimann DW, Manheim FT, Betzer PR (1980) Dissolution and analysis of amorphous silica in marine sediments. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 51: 215-225
    • Eisma D, Van der Gaast SJ (1971) Determination of opal in marine sediments by X-ray diffraction. Neth J Sea Res 5: 382-389
    • Ellwood MJ, Hunter KA (1999) Determination of the Zn/Si ratio in diatom opal: a method for the separation, cleaning and dissolution of diatoms. Mar Chem 66: 149-160
    • Ellwood MJ, Hunter KA (2000) Variations in the Zn/Si record over the last interglacial glacial transition. Paleoceanography 15: 506-514
    • Fagel N, Boski T, Likhoshway L, Oberhäensli H (2003) Late Quaternary clay mineral record in Central Lake Baikal (Academician Ridge, Siberia). Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 193: 159-179
    • Fagel N, Thamó-Bózsó E Heim B (2007) Mineralogical signatures of Lake Baikal sediments: Sources of sediment supplies through Late Quaternary. Sedimentary Geology 194: 37-59
    • Gehlen M, van Raaphorst W (1993) Early diagenesis of silica in sandy North Sea sediments: quantification of the solid phase. Mar Chem 42: 71-83
    • Gehlen M, Beck L, Calas G, Flank AM, van Bennekom AJ, van Beusekom JEE (2002) Unraveling the atomic structure of biogenic silica: Evidence of the structural association of Al and Si in diatom frustules. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 66: 1601-1609
    • Goldberg ED (1958) Determination of opal in marine sediments. Journal of Marine Research 17: 71-83
    • Granina LZ, Karabanov EB, Shimaraeva MK, Williams DF, Kuptsov VM (1992) Biogenic silica of Baikal bottom sediments used for palaeo reconstruction. In: International project on palaeolimnology and lake Cenozoic climate newsletter 6: 53-59. Universitätsverlag Wagner, Innsbruck.
    • Harrison KG (2000) Role of increased marine silica input on paleo-pCO2 levels. Paleoceanography 15: 292-298
    • Haug GH, Sigman DM, Tiedemann R, Pedersen TF, Sarnthein M (1999) Onset of permanent stratification in the subarctic Pacific Ocean. Nature 401: 779-782
    • Horiuchi K, Minoura K, Hoshino K, Oda T, Nakamura T, Kawai T (2000) Palaeoenvironmental history of Lake Baikal during the last 23000 years . Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 157: 95-108
    • Kemp AES, Dugdale RC (2006) Introduction to special section: the role of diatom production and Si flux and burial in the regulation of global cycle. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 20:, GB4S01, doi:10.1029/2006GB002894
    • Koning E, Epping E, van Raaphorst W (2002) Determining Biogenic Silica in marine samples by tracking silicate and aluminium concentrations in alkaline leaching solutions. Aquat Geochem 8: 37-67
    • Koning E, Gehlen M, Flank AM, Calas G, Epping E (2007) Rapid post-mortem incorporation of aluminum in diatom frustules: evidence from chemical and structural analyses. Marine Chemistry 103: 97-111
    • Kryc KA, Murray RW, Murray DW (2003) Al-to-oxide and Ti-to-organic linkages in biogenic sediment: relationships to paleo-export production and bulk Al/Ti . Earth and Planetary Science Letters 211: 125-141
    • Lal D, Charles C, Vacher L, Goswami JN, Jull AJT, McHargue L, Finkel RC (2006) Paleo-ocean chemistry records in marine opal: implications for fluxes of trace elements, cosmogenic nuclides (10Be and 26Al), and biological productivity. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 70: 3275-3289
    • Leinen M (1977) A normative calculation technique for determination if biogenic opal in sediments and particulate matter. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 40: 671-676
    • Leinen M (1985) Techniques for determining opal in deep-sea sediments: a comparison of radiolarian counts and X-ray diffraction data. Marine Micropaleo 9: 375-383
    • Lewin JC (1961) The dissolution of silica from diatom walls. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 21: 182-198
    • Lin H-L, Chen C-J (2002) A late Pliocene diatom Ge/Si record from the Southeast Atlantic. Marine Chemistry 180: 151-161
    • Lyle AO, Lyle M (2002) Determination of biogenic opal in pelagic marine sediments: a simple method revisited. In: Lyle M, Wilson PA, Janecek TR (eds) Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Initial Reports, Vol. 199: Chapter 6, doi: 10.2973/odp.proc.ir.199.104.2002
    • Martin JH, Knauer GA (1973) The elemental composition of plankton. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 37: 1639-1653
    • Morley DW (2005) Reconstructing past climatic change in continental Eurasia. Ph.D Thesis University College London, London, 388 pp
    • Morley DW, Leng MJ, Mackay AW, Sloane HJ (2005) Late Glacial and Holocene environmental change in the Lake Baikal region documented by oxygen isotopes from diatom silica. Global and Planetary Change 46: 221-233
    • Mortlock RA, Fröhlich PN (1989) A simple and reliable method for the rapid determination of biogenic opal in pelagic sediments. Deep-Sea Res 36: 1415-1426
    • Müller PJ, Schneider R (1993) An automated leaching method for the determination of opal in sediments and particulate matter. Deep-Sea Research I 40: 425-444
    • Nelson DM, Tréguer P, Brzezinski MA, Leynaert A, Quéguiner B (1995) Production and dissolution of biogenic silica in the ocean: revised global estimates, comparison with regional data and relationship to biogenic sedimentation. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 9: 359-372
    • Oberhänsli H, Mackay AW (2005) Introduction to “Progress towards reconstructing past climate in Central Eurasia, with special emphasis on Lake Baikal”. Global and Planetary Change 46: 1-7
    • Ohlendorf C, Sturm M. (2008) A modified method for biogenic silica determination. J Paleolimnol 39: 137-142
    • Piotrowska N, Bluszcz A, Demske D, Granoszewski W, Heumann G (2004) Extraction and AMS radiocarbon dating of pollen from Lake Baikal sediments Radiocarbon 46: 181-187
    • Prokopenko AA, Williams DF, Karabanov EB, Khursevich GK (2001a) Continental response to Heinrich events and bond cycles in sedimentary record of Lake Baikal, Siberia. Global Planet Change 28: 217-226
    • Prokopenko AA, Karabanov EB, Williams DF, Kuzmin MI, Khursevich GK, Gvozdkov AN (2001b) The detailed
    • Qui L, Williams DF, Gvorzdikov A, Karabanov E, Shimaraeva M (1993) Biogenic silica accumulation and paleoproductivity in the northern basin of Lake Baikal during the Holocene. Geology 21: 25-28
    • Ragueneau O, Tréguer P, Leynaert A, Anderson RF, Brzezinski MA, De Master DJ, Dugdale RC, Dymond J, Fischer G, François R, Heinze C, Maier-Reimer E, Martin-Jézéquel V, Nelson DM, Quéguiner B (2000) A review of the Si cycle in the modern ocean: recent progress and missing gaps in the application of biogenic opal as a paleoproductivity proxy. Global and Planetary Change 26: 317-365
    • Ragueneau O, Savoye N, Del Amo Y, Cotton J, Tardiveau B, Leynaert A (2005) A new method for the measurement of biogenic silica in suspended matter of coastal waters: using Si:Al ratios to correct for the mineral interference. Continental Shelf Research 25: 697-710
    • Ragueneau O, Schultes S, Bidle K, Claquin P, Moriceau B (2006) Si and C interactions in the world ocean: importance of ecological processes and implications for the role of diatoms in the biological pump . Global Biogeochemical Cycles 20: GB4S02, doi:10.1029/2006GB002688
    • Rickert D, Schlüter M, Wallmann K (2002) Dissolution kinetics of biogenic silica from the water column to the sediments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 66: 439-455
    • Ryves DB, Juggins S, Fritz SC, Battarbee RW (2001) Experimental diatom dissolution and the quantification of microfossil preservation in sediments. Palaeogeogr Palaeocl Palaeoecol 172: 99-113
    • Saccone L, Conley DJ, Sauer D (2006) Methodologies for amorphous silica analysis. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 88: 235-238
    • Sapota T, Aldahan A, Possnert G, Peck J, King J, Prokopenko A, Kuzmin M (2004) A late Cenozoic Earth's crust and climate dynamics record from Lake Baikal. Journal of Paleolimnology 32: 341-349
    • Sauer D, Saccone L, Conley DJ, Herrmann L, Sommer M (2006) Review of methodologies for extracting plant-available and amorphous Si from soils and aquatic sediments. Biogeochemistry 80: 89-108
    • Schlüter M, Rickert D (1998) Effect of pH on the measurement of biogenic silica. Mar Chem 63: 81-92
    • Shackleton NJ. Sánchez-Goñi MF, Pailler D, Lancelot Y (2003) Marine isotope substage 5e and the Eemian interglacial, Glob Planet Change 36:151-155
    • Shemesh A, Mortlock RA, Smith RJ, Fröhlich PN (1988) Determination of Ge/Si in marine siliceous microfossils: separation, cleaning and dissolution of diatoms and radiolaria. Mar Chem, 25: 305-323
    • Swann GEA, Mackay AW (2006) Potential limitation of biogenic silica as an indicator of abrupt climate change in Lake Baikal, Russia. Journal of Paleolimnology 36: 81-89
    • Swann GEA (2007) Diatom oxygen isotopes and biogenic silica concentrations: an examination of their potential for reconstructing palaeoenvironmental change Ph.D Thesis University College London, London, 205 pp
    • van Bennekom AJ, Berger GW, van der Gaast SJ, de Vries RTP (1988) Primary productivity and the silica cycle in the Southern Ocean (Atlantic sector). Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 67: 19-30
    • van Bennekom AJ, Jansen JHF, van der Gaast SJ, van Iperen JM, Pieters J (1989) Aluminum-rich opal: an intermediate in the preservation of biogenic silica in the Zaire (Congo) deep-sea fan. Deep-Sea Res 36: 173-190
    • van Bennekom AJ, Buma AGJ, Nolting RF (1991) Dissolved aluminum in the Weddell-Scotia confluence and effect of Al on the dissolution kinetics of biogenic silica. Marine Chemistry 35: 423-434
    • van Cappellen P, Dixit S, van Bennekom J (2002) Biogenic silica dissolution in the ocean: reconciling experimental and field-based dissolution rates. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 16: 1075 doi:10.1029/2001GB001431
    • Vogel H, Rosén P, Wagner B, Melles M, Persson, P (2008) Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, a new cost-effective tool for quantitative analysis of biogeochemical properties in long sediment records. Journal of Paleolimnology 40: 689-702.
    • Williams DF, Peck J, Karabanov EB, Prokopenko AA, Kravchinsky V, King J, Kuzmin MI (1997) Lake Baikal record of continental climate response to orbital insolation during the past 5 million years. Science 278: 1114-1117
    • Williams DF, Kuzmin MI, Prokopenko AA, Karabanov EB, Khursevich GK, Bezrukova EV (2001) The Lake Baikal
    • drilling project in the context of a global lake drilling initiative. Quatern Int 80-81: 3-15
  • No related research data.
  • Discovered through pilot similarity algorithms. Send us your feedback.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article