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O'Byrne, Myles
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: DT
This work is an investigation into the recent political crisis in Algeria, with a\ud focus on the Islamist party at its heart—the Front islamique du salut. It provides a\ud theoretical and contextual framework by which we can understand the party's\ud emergence and subsequent decline, arguing for greater acceptance of alternative,\ud non-secular politics where there is a clear public appetite for such change. In\ud particular, it emphasises the ways in which the FIS sought to establish a legitimate\ud mandate through a blend of continuity and change. This, I argue, is evident in the\ud party's religio-nationalist modes of expression, which built on yet offered a crucial\ud distinction from the FLN's relationship to nationalism and Islam. It is also evident in\ud the FIS' interaction with the state both during and after the period of its legalisation.\ud My analysis shows how the party evolved towards political maturity and moderation,\ud seeking to engage with rather than subvert the state institutions, albeit from an\ud adversarial position. That this was ultimately unsuccessful is most clearly evident\ud from the military-led campaign to rid Algeria of any real Islamist opposition, despite\ud the legitimacy of the FIS' electoral success. My conclusion that the FIS was denied\ud this legitimacy is based on a reading of contemporary political theory as well as an\ud assessment of political developments on the ground.
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    • Paul, F. D. Miller Jr. and J. Paul (eds), The Communitarian Challenge to Liberalism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996), 80-104 Lalioui, M. S., ‗Reactions of the Algerian Army to the Massacres', in Y. Bedjaoui, A. Aroua and M. Aït-Larbi (eds), An Inquiry into the Algerian Massacres (Geneva: Hoggar, 1999), 471-509 Lamchichi, A., Le Maghreb face à l‟islamisme : le Maghreb entre tentations autoritaires, essor de l‟islamisme et demandes démocratiques (Paris: L'Harmattan, 1997) - ‗L'islam n'est pas monolithique', Confluences Méditerranée, 40 (winter 2001- 2002), 101-11 - L‟Islamisme politique (Paris: L'Harmattan, 2001) Langohr, V., ‗Of Islamists and Ballot Boxes: Rethinking the Relationship between Islamisms and Electoral Politics', International Journal of Middle East Studies, 33/4 (November 2001), 591-610 Larémont, R. R. (ed.) Borders, Nationalism, and the African State (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2005) Moussaoui, A., ‗La violence en Algérie : Des crimes et des châtiments', Cahiers d‟études africaines, 150-152/38 (1998), 245-69 Ramadan, T., Aux Sources du renouveau musulman : d‟al-Afghānī à Hassan alBannā, un siècle de réformisme islamique (Lyon: Tawhid, 2002) Rubin, B., ‗Pan-Arab Nationalism: The Ideological Dream as Compelling Force', Journal of Contemporary History (September 1991), 535-51
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