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Juneja, Nalini
Publisher: CREATE
Languages: English
Types: Book
Subjects: L1

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India has witnessed substantial diversification of provision to basic education. Policy changes from 1980s onwards, has seen the creation of para-formal delivery systems and the inclusion in the system of non state providers. The Education Guarantee Scheme and the Alternate Initiatives in Education programmes have generated new pathways to access. The paper examines the different educational providers and looks at the spread of provision, the enrolment shares, the different structure, costs and facilities. It also looks at unrecognised schools, quasi-government schools, perceived hierarchies in government schools and English-medium private schools. Diversification is contributing to improved access, but is also generating new challenges for equity and meaningful participation.
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    • Jeffery, R., Jeffery, P. and Jeffery, C. (2005) Social Inequalities and the Privatisation of Secondary Schooling in North India. In: Chopra, R. and Jeffery, P. (ed.) (2005) Educational Regimes in Contemporary India. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
    • Jeffery, R., Jeffery, P. and Jeffery, C. (2007) The Privatisation of Secondary Schooling in Bijnor: A Crumbling Welfare State? In: Kumar, K. and Oesterheld, J. (eds.) Education and Social Change in South Asia. New Delhi: Orient Longman.
    • Jha, J. and Subrahmanian. R (2006) Secondary Education in the Indian State of Uttar Pradesh: Gender Dimensions of State Policy and Practice. In: Razavi, S. and Hassim, S. (2006) Gender and Social Policy in a Global Context: Uncovering the Gendered Structure of “the Social”. Basingstoke: UNRISD/ Palgrave Macmillan Publishers.
    • Tilak, J.B.G. (2004) Education in the UPA Government Common Minimum Programme.Economic and Political Weekly, 23 October, 39(43): pp. 4717-4721.
    • Tooley, J. and Dixon, P. (2003) Private Schools for The Poor: A Case Study From India. Reading: CfBT Research and Development. Available from: http://www.cfbt.com/PDF/91001.pdf. [Accessed 15th September 2008].
    • Upadhyay, B. K., Nagar, D. and Upadhyay, I. B. K. (2005) Psychological Impact of Crowding in Ashram Schools. Indian Educational Review, January, 41(1), pp. 65-75.
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