LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Monckton-Smith, Jane
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: H1
Deconstructing the House that Jack Built: An examination of the discursive regime of sexual murder Jack the Ripper has been described as the 'archetypal rapist' (Frayling 1986), a killer who committed what seemed like 'the ultimate rape' (Marriner 1992), yet he raped no-one. The mutilation and disembowelment of his victims is analogised as rape. This violence was murder, not any legally defined form of sexual assault. This is an aspect to these crimes that is given little, if any attention. Rape is a real social problem and the high attrition rate this offence attracts is the subject of much concern and research interest. A key problem highlighted in previous research has been the skewed public and criminal justice perception of what constitutes a 'real rape' (Kelly et al. 2005). To analogise disembowelment as rape creates or indicates a very skewed perception of the offence. This research proposes that the offences of rape and murder, when they are committed against women by men, have in some contexts become culturally conflated. The key aims are to examine to what extent the discourse of sexual murder produces a conflation, whether the meaning made of the violence in the discourse is used to rationalise other forms of violence against women by men and what the effect of a conflation could be for women and for the criminal justice system. Multiple methods were used, to extract data across three key institutional sites, under three headings - cultural representation, news reporting and police operational practice and include data obtained from examination of news reports of the rape and/or murder of women, Jack the Ripper film/TV and interviews with police from a serious crime team. All data was analysed using the unifying theoretical framework of Foucauldian discourse analysis. It was found that in some contexts the conflation exists and has real effect. There are five key findings: firstly that perceptions of what constitutes a 'real rape' are more closely aligned to a potential sexual murder than a legally defined or aggravated rape; secondly it was found that murders of women are routinely gendered and sexualised by both the media and the police which powerfully links fatal or potentially fatal violence with sexual assault and vice versa; thirdly it was found that because of the symbolic value of rape, murders of women can be and are considered, in some circumstances to be 'virtual rapes', which links closely to the fourth observation that indicates that instead of understanding rape as a form of violence, we can understand violence against women as a form of rape; finally, it was found that fear of rape could realistically be associated with fear of death because of the meaning made of rape in sexual murder discourse and this could have significant repercussions for those women experiencing a rape assault, those women who fear rape assaults, those who deal with victims of rape and the prosecution of rape and murder in the criminal justice system.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Amnesty International (2005) A Global Outrage: Global and UK Statistics. http://www.amnesty.org.uk/new/pressl6618.shtml (accessed November 21st 2005)
    • Arksey, H. and Knight, P. (1999) Interviewing fo r Social Scientists. London: Sage Publications
    • Austen, J. (1983). Persuasion. Chapter 23. From The Complete Novels o f Jane Austen. London: Penguin 1983.
    • Barthes, R. (2004) (i) Operation Margerine; (ii) Myth Today in Durham M.G. and Kellner D.M. (eds) Media and Cultural Studies Key Works. Chapter 6 pl21- 128 Oxford: Blackwell Publishing
    • Basu, R. (2001) The Rape of Afghanistan Z Magazine article can be accessed online at www.zmag.org/basurape.htm (accessed 5th May 2006)
    • BBFC (2005) British Board of Film Classification http://www.bbfc.co.Uk/website/Classified.nsf/0/E8131C368B60D89480256B4 A0031156B?OpenDocument
    • Belloc Lowndes, M. (1927). The Lodger UK: Lightning Source
    • Benedict, H. (1992). Virgin or Vamp (How the press covers sex crimes) NY:Oxford University Press
    • Bevacqua, M. (2000). Rape on the Public Agenda. Massachusetts: Northeastern University Press
    • BFI (2005) British Film Institute Screenonline [www.screenonline.org.uk/tv/id/4645021 accessed 16.05.05
    • Blackburn, S. (2004) The Seven Deadly Sins. Lust. NY:Oxford University Press
    • Bourne, J. and Derry, C. (2005) Women and Law. London: Old Bailey Press
    • Box, S. (1992). Power, Crime and Mystification. London: Routledge
    • Boyle, K. (2005) Media and Violence London: Sage Publications
    • Brody, M. (1992) A Vindication o f the Rights o f Woman (ed). UK: Penguin Books
    • Bronfen, E. (1992) Over Her Dead Body: Death, Femininity and the Aesthetic. New York: Routledge
    • Brownmiller, S. (1975). Against Our Will. Men Women and Rape New York: Simon and Schuster
    • Brownmiller, S. (1984). Femininity New York: Linden Books (Simon and Schuster)
    • Geberth, V.J. (2003) Sex-Related Homicide and Death Investigation. Practical and Clinical Perspectives. Boca Raton: CRC Press
    • Geberth, V.J. (1998) Practical Homicide Investigation. Law and Order Magazine V46 no 5 May 1998 accessed via www.practicalhomicide.com/articles/lustmurder.htm 21.05.05
    • Gibbon, M. (1999). Feminist Perspectives on Language. Harlow: Longman
    • Giddens, A. (1972) Emile Durkheim: Selected Writings London: Cambridge University Press
    • Gordon, M.T. and Riger, S. (1989) The Female Fear NY: The Free Press
    • Gradesaver (2005) Classic notes on Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde http://www.gradesaver.com/classicnotes/titles/jekyll/
    • Green, E. (1993) The Intent to Kill: Making Sense o f Murder. Baltimore MA: Clevedon
    • Green, L. M. (2001). Educating women: Cultural conflict and Victorian literature. Ohio University Press
    • Greer, C. (2003) Sex Crime and the Media Collumpton: Willan
    • Gregory, J. and Lees, S. (1999). Policing Sexual Assault. London: Routledge
    • Griffin, S. (1971) Rape: The all American Crime. Ramparts 10, 26-35
    • Griffin, S. (1979). Rape: The politics o f consciousness. USA: Harper and Row
    • Groth, A. (1979) Men who rape: The psychology o f the offender. New York: Plenum
    • Hall, S. (2001) Foucault: Power, Knowledge and Discourse in Wetherall M, Taylor S and Yates S.J. (eds) Discourse Theory and Practice. A Reader London: Sage Publications
    • Hall, S., Critcher, C., Jefferson, T., Clark, J. and Roberts, B. (1978) Policing the Crisis. Mugging, the State and Law and Order. Palgrave Macmillan
    • Harper, J. (2004) Legacy o f Blood : A Comprehensive Guide to Slasher Movies. Manchester: Headpress
    • Harris, J.W. (1997). Legal Philosophies. London: Butterworths
    • Harris, J. and Grace, S. (1999). A Question o f Evidence? Investigating and Prosecuting Rape in the 1990's. HORS 196
    • Harrison, S. (1998). The Diary o f Jack the Ripper. London: Blake
    • Harstock, N. (1998). The Feminist Standpoint Revisited and Other Essays. Westview Press
    • Hudson, B. (2002). Restorative Justice and Gendered Violence. Diversion or Effective Justice? The British Journal o f Criminology v42 n3 Summer p616
    • Innes, M. (2002) Police Homicide Investigations. The British Journal o f Criminology v42 n4 Autumn 2002 p669-688
    • Innes, M. (2005) Investigating Murder: Detective Work and the Police Response to Criminal Homicide. NY: Oxford University Press
    • Jeffreys, S. (1984) 'Free from all Uninvited Touch of Man': Women's Campaigns Around Sexuality, 1880 - 1914 in The Sexuality Papers. Male sexuality and the Social Control o f Women. London: Hutchinson and Co
    • Jenefsky, C. (1999) Andrea Dworkin's reconstruction of pornography as a discriminatory social practice. Ch 14 p i 33 Edited by Manfred B Steger and Nancy S Lind (eds) Violence and its Alternatives. Hampshire UK: Macmillan
    • Jenkins, P. (1994) Using Murder: The Social Construction o f Serial Homicide New York: Aldine de Gruyter
    • Johnson, P. (1993) Darwin on T ria l. Downers Grove, IL: Intervarsity Press
    • Karpman, B. (1951) The sexual psychopath. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 42 184-198
    • Kellaher, D.C. (2004) book review Sexual Murder: Catathymic and Compulsive Homicides Schlesinger L.B. CRC Press. American Psychiatric Association http://ps.psvchiatrv online.org 21.05.05
    • Kelly, L., Lovett, J. and Regan, L. (2005) A Gap or a Chasm? Attrition in Reported Rape Cases. Home Office Research Study 293
    • Kilboume, J. (1999). Deadly Persuasion New York: The Free Press
    • King, J. (2005) The Victorian Woman Question in Contemporary Feminist Fiction Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan
    • Kitzinger, J. (2004) Framing Abuse London: Pluto Press
    • Koch, T. (1998). Story Telling: Is it really research? Journal o f Advanced Nursing 28, 6,1182-1190
    • Linz, D., Wilson, B. and Donnerstein, E. (1992). Sexual Violence in the Mass Media: Legal solutions, warnings and mitigation through education. Journal of Social Issues, 48 145-171.
    • Littner, N. (1973) Psychology of the sex offender: Causes, treatment prognosis. Police Law quarterly,3 5-31
    • Lloyd, E.A. (2001). A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases for Sexual Coercion. Randy Thornhill and Craig Palmer. Book Review. Michigan Law Review v99 i6 p l5 3 6 (24)
    • Lockton, D. and Ward, R. (1997) Domestic Violence London and Sydney: Cavendish Publishing Limited, London Sydney
    • Lucie Blackman Trust (2005) www.lucieblackmantrust.org
    • MacDonald, E. (1991) Shoot the Women First London: Fourth Estate
    • MacKinnon, C. (2002). 'Pleasure Under Patriarchy' ch3 Christine L Williams and Arlene Stein (eds) Sexuality and Gender. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers
    • MacKinnon, C. (1987) Feminism Unmodified : Discourses on Life and Law London: Harvard University Press
    • Macpherson Report (1999) The Stephen Lawrence Inquiry. Report of an Inquiry by Sir William Macpherson of Cluny. Available online at www.archive.officialdocuments.co.uk/document/cm42/4262/4262.htm
    • Macnamara, D. (2002). MCASA Training Manual
    • Madriz, E. (1997) Images of Criminals and Victims: A Study on Women's Fear and Social Control. Gender and Society, 11 342-356
    • Malamuth, N.M. and Check, J.V.P. (1981). The effects of media exposure on acceptance of violence against women: A field experiment. Journal of Research in Personality. 15, 436-446. In Myers 1998 p577
    • Mardorossian, C.M. (2002). Theory, experience and Disciplinary Contentions. Signs Spring v27 i3 p787(6)
    • McCarty, J. (1993) Movie Psychos and Madmen- Film Psychopaths from Jeckyll and Hyde to Hannibal Lecter. New York: Carol Publishing
    • Shackleford, T.K. and Le Blanc, G.J. (2001). Book Review A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases for sexual Coercion. Randy Thornhill and Craig Palmer. The Journal o f Sex Research Feb v38 il p 8 1
    • Shanahan, E.C. (1999). Stranger and Non Stranger Rape: One crime, One Penalty. American Criminal Law Review Fall v 36 i4 p i 371
    • Shanks, N. (2004) God, the Devil and Darwin. A Critique o f Intelligent Design Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press
    • Sharpe, S. (1976). 'Just Like a GirT How girls learn to be women. London: Penguin
    • Shlain, L. (1999). The Alphabet versus the Goddess. Allen Lane The Penguin Press
    • Shorter, E. (1977). On writing the history of rape. Signs 3 pp471-82.
    • Signorielli, N. (1990) 'Television's mean and dangerous world: a continuation of the cultural indicator's perspective'. In N Signorielli and M Morgan eds Cultivation Analysis: New directions in media effects research, 85-106 Newbury Park: Sage
    • Silverman, R.A. and Mukherjee, S.K. (1987) Intimate Homicide: An Analysis of Violent Social Relationships. Behavioural Sciences and the Law 5: 37 - 47
    • Smart, C. (1989). Feminism and the Power o f Law. London:Routledge cited in Restorative Justice and Gendered Violence. Diversion or effective justice? The British Journal o f Criminology v42 n3 Summer 2002 p616
    • Smart, C. (1995). Law, Crime and Sexuality. London: Sage
    • Sommers, C.H. (1995). Who Stole Feminism New York: Touchstone books
    • Sommers ,C.H. (2001) The War against Boys New York: Simon and Schuster
    • Soothill, K. (1993) The Serial Killer Industry. Journal o f Forensic Psychiatry 4(2): 341-54
    • Soothill, K., Francis, B., Ackerley, E., Fligelstone, R.(2002) Murder and Serious Sexual Assault: what criminal histories can reveal about future serious offending. Police Research Series Paper 144.
    • Soothill, K., Peelo, M. and Taylor, C. (2002) Making Sense o f Criminology Cambridge: Polity Press in assoc with Blackwell Publishers
    • Soothill, K. and Walby, S. (1991) Sex Crime in the News London: Routledge
    • Speare, D. (2003) Jack the Ripper: Crime Scene Investigation Xlibris Corporation
    • Spender, D. (1980). Man Made Language London: Routledge and Kegan Paul
    • Stanko, E. (1996). The commercialism of women's fear of crime. International Victimology 8th international symposium Australian Institute o f Criminology edited by Chris Sumner, Mark Israel, Michael O'Connell and Rick Sarre.
    • Steinem, G. (1994). Interview for Feminist.com with Marianne Schnall rwww.feminist.coml articles and speeches.
  • Inferred research data

    The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    Title Trust
    40
    40%
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article