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Li, Li; Mathieson, Andrew; Lucas, Margaret (2015)
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Physics Procedia
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Physics and Astronomy(all)

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: otorhinolaryngologic diseases, equipment and supplies, education, musculoskeletal diseases
A study is presented of a miniature ultrasonic surgical drill designed for bone biopsy, based on an ultrasonic/sonic drill which converts high frequency to low frequency vibrations through a freely vibrating mass between an ultrasonic transducer-horn and a drill bit. For conventional surgical drilling using a rotary drill or an ultrasonic drill, considerable power is required to penetrate into bone and the efficiency is low. However, for ultrasonic/sonic drilling, sufficient acoustic energy is accumulated and then released through each impact to achieve precise drilling with a lower power requirement. The ultrasonic/sonic drill was originally invented for rock drilling in low gravity environments. In this study it is incorporated in a miniature ultrasonic surgical drill and the effective impulse delivered to the bone is used to evaluate the drilling performance. To develop a miniature surgical device based on maximising the effective impulse, optimisation of the ultrasonic horn and free-mass is first demonstrated. The shape and dimensions of the ultrasonic horn and free-mass are determined through FEA, which focuses on maximising the post-collision velocity of the free-mass. Then, the entire dynamic stack constituting the surgical drill device is modelled as a mass-spring-damper system to analyse the dynamic behaviour. The numerical model is validated through experiments, using a prototype drill, which record the velocity of the free-mass and the drilling force. The results of the numerical models and experiments indicate this miniature ultrasonic surgical drill can deliver sufficient impulse to penetrate bone and form the basis of an ultrasonically activated bone biopsy device.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Bao, X., Bar-Cohen, Y., Chang, Z., Dolgin, B., Sherrit, S., Pal, D., Du, S., Peterson, T., 2003. Modeling and Computer Simulation of Ultrasonic/sonic Driller/corer (USDC). IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control 50, 1147-60.
    • Harkness, P., Lucas, M., 2010. Optimization of the Horn, Free-Mass, and Support Architecture of an Ultrasonic Rock Coring System, AIAA Space 2010 Conference and Exposition. Anaheim, United States.
    • Li, S., Demirci, E., Silberschmidt, V.V., 2013. Variability and Anisotropy of Mechanical Behaviour of Cortical Bone in Tension and Compression, Journal of Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 21, 109-120.
    • MacBeath, A., 2006. Ultrasonic Bone Cutting. http://theses.gla.ac.uk/2220/ PhD Thesis, University of Glasgow.
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