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fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Crow, Robert
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: TR
Walter Benington (1872-1936) was a major British photographer, a member of the Linked Ring and a colleague of international figures such as F H Evans, Alfred Stieglitz, Edward Steichen and Alvin Langdon Coburn. He was also a noted portrait photographer whose sitters included Albert Einstein, Dame Ellen Terry, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and many others. He is, however, rarely noted in current histories of photography. \ud \ud Beaumont Newhall’s 1937 exhibition Photography 1839-1937 at the Museum of Modern Art in New York is regarded by many respected critics as one of the foundation-stones of the writing of the history of photography. To establish photography as modern art, Newhall believed it was necessary to create a direct link between the master-works of the earliest photographers and the photographic work of his modernist contemporaries in the USA. He argued that any work which demonstrated intervention by the photographer such as the use of soft-focus lenses was a deviation from the direct path of photographic progress and must therefore be eliminated from the history of photography. A consequence of this was that he rejected much British photography as being “unphotographic” and dangerously irrelevant. Newhall’s writings inspired many other historians and have helped to perpetuate the neglect of an important period of British photography. As a result, the work of key photographers such as Walter Benington is now virtually unknown.\ud \ud Benington’s central involvement with the Linked Ring and his national and international exhibition successes demonstrate his significance within post-1890 British photography. Recent moves in the writing of histories of photography have called for the exploration of previously unknown archives and collections. A detailed examination of a cross-section of Benington’s work will illustrate that he was a photographer of great distinction and marked individuality fully worthy of a major reappraisal.
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    • Walter Benington, The Church of England (1903) Platinum. 195 x 145 mm. RPS collection, gift of A L Coburn (1930) (photo: RPS). See also Plate I
    • Beaumont Newhall, Installation photograph of Herbert Matter's entrance installation for 'Photography 1839-1937.' Gelatine silver print, 1937 (photo: Museum of Modern Art, New York)*
    • Willi Ruge - Poster for FiFo - Film und Foto - Internationale Ausstellung des Deutschen Werkbunds, Stuttgart, 1929 (photo: Museum of Modern Art, New York)*
    • Beaumont Newhall. Photography 1839-1937 (New York: MoMA, 1937) Front Cover. (photo: Museum of Modern Art, New York)*
    • Beaumont Newhall, Photography, 1839-1937 (New York: MoMA) Title page (photo: Museum of Modern Art, New York)*
    • George Davison, The Onion Field (1889) Photogravure print 154 x 205 mm. Gift of Alvin Langdon Coburn GEH NEG: 23472. 67:0080:0006 (photo: George Eastman House) H P Robinson, Morning Mists (1893) from Die Kunst in der Photographie 1902 (photo: courtesy PhotoSeed Archive) A Horsley Hinton, Threatening Weather (1901) from Photographische Rundschau (photo: courtesy PhotoSeed Archive)
    • Walter Benington, Fleet Street (1897) from Amateur Photographer 16 June 1908: 608. See also Plate II Fred Holland Day, Nubian Chief (1897) Platinum print 207 x 184 mm. Gift of 3M Company: ex-collection Louis Walton Sipley GEH NEGS: 28794 25877. 77:0211:0001 (photo: George Eastman House)
    • Edward Steichen, In Memoriam (1901, printed 1904) Gum over platinum print 498 x 403 mm. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Alfred Stieglitz Collection, 1933. Accession Number: 33.43.48 (photo: Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York) *
    • Fred Holland Day, Beauty is Truth (1900) Photogravure. 187 x 172 mm, The Camera Club, New York. Gift of Albert Boni. Object number 115.1944.1 (photo: Museum of Modern Art, New York)*
    • Walter Benington, Keeper of the Harem (nd) from Amateur Photographer, 16 June 1908: 598
    • Walter Benington, Over the Hills and Far Away (1901) (aka Across the Valley) Platinum 84 x 112 mm. RPS collection, gift of F H Evans 1937 (photo: RPS) See also Plate III Walter Benington, Rye Marshes (c. 1907) Gum 108 x 195 mm RPS collection, gift of F H Evans (1924) (photo: RPS) See also Plate IV Walter Benington, The Mere (c. 1902) (aka The Silent Pool) Platinum 110 x 202 mm RPS collection, gift of F H Evans (1924) (photo: RPS) See also Plate V
    • The Photographic News, 20 July 1906 (photo: © Benington Collections)
    • Walter Benington, Among the Housetops (1900) Gum 350 x 240 mm RPS collection, gift of F H Evans (1937) (photo: RPS) See also Plate VII
    • Walter Benington, The Church of England (1903) Platinum 192 x 143 mm RPS collection, gift of F H Evans 1937 (photo: RPS) See also Plate VIII
    • Walter Benington, After the Storm (1906) (aka A Tangle after the Storm) Gum 280 x 190 mm RPS collection, acquired 1928 (photo: RPS) See also Plate IX Walter Benington, The Church of England - Morning (1903) Gravure 240 x 178 mm (photo: © Benington Collections) Walter Benington, From a roof in Shoe Lane - Afternoon (1903) Gravure 235 x 180 mm (photo: © Benington Collections)
    • A L Coburn, St. Paul's from Ludgate Circus (1907) from London, 1909, Introduction by Hilaire Belloc, plate 20. Photogravure print 385 x 287 mm. George Eastman House L1982:0064:0001 (photo: George Eastman House) Paul Strand, Telegraph Poles (1916) Photogravure off an original negative, 202 x 137 mm from Camera Work, October 1916, 48:27 Purchased 1976 Accession No: NGA 76.333.48.3 (photo: National Gallery of Australia, Canberra) Walter Benington, The Cab Rank (1909) Gum 488 x 379 mm RPS collection, gift of J Holcroft (1910) (photo: RPS) See also Plate XII
    • Variant print - Gravure 129 x 101mm. RPS collection, gift of A L Coburn (1930) (photo: RPS) See Plate XIII Walter Benington, Riverside Houses (1909) (aka Limehouse Hole ) Gravure 134 x 91 mm RPS collection, gift of A L Coburn 1930 (photo: RPS) See also Plate XIV Walter Benington, The Thames Embankment, (1911) Gravure 230 x 158 mm (photo: © Benington Collections) Walter Benington, The Embankment, (1925) Gravure 248 x 168 mm (photo: © Benington Collections) Walter Benington, Old Lady (c1908) from Amateur Photographer 9 June 1908: 585
    • Walter Benington, Tony and Barbara (1911) (aka Brother and Sister) from Amateur Photographer, 3 December 1924: 338
    • Gravure 240 x 178 mm (photo: © Benington Collections) Walter Benington, Little One Man Shows No. 13 from Amateur Photographer, 3 December 1924: 338-339 Walter Benington, Eastwards from London Bridge,(c.1907) from Amateur Photographer, 3 December 1924: 338 F H Evans, Walter Benington (c.1908) Platinum print 185 x 119 mm, (photo: © Benington Collections) Ward Muir, June Evening (1916) Bromide print. RPS collection Ref Number: 2003-5001/2/21751 (photo: RPS) Walter Benington, The Orange Barrow (1897) Gravure 240 x 175 mm. (photo: © Benington Collections) Walter Benington, Water Lane (1912) Bromide 240 x 166 mm (photo: © Benington Collections) Walter Benington, Tilbury Docks - Cranes, unloading goods “Made in Germany” (1912) Bromide 254 x 182 mm (photo: © Benington Collections)
    • Walter Benington, Lux/Umbra logo c.1905 (photo: © Benington Collections)
    • Walter Benington, Lux/Umbra logo c.1935 (photo: © Benington Collections)
    • Walter Benington: plates from original prints in the RPS collection. Plate Walter Benington, The Church of England (1903) I Platinum. 195 x 145 mm. RPS collection, gift of A L Coburn (1930) (photo: RPS).
    • Plate Walter Benington, Fleet Street (1897) II Platinum 223 x 141 mm
    • RPS collection, gift of F H Evans (1924) (photo: RPS) Plate Walter Benington, Over the Hills and Far Away (1901) (aka III Across the Valley) Platinum 84 x 112 mm. RPS collection, gift of F H Evans 1937 (photo: RPS)
    • Plate Walter Benington, Rye Marshes (c. 1907) IV Gum 108 x 195 mm RPS collection, gift of F H Evans (1924) (photo: RPS)
    • Plate Walter Benington, The Mere (c. 1902) (aka The Silent Pool) V Platinum 110 x 202 mm RPS collection, gift of F H Evans (1924) (photo: RPS)
    • Plate Walter Benington, The Top of the Hill (c. 1906) (aka VI Landscape with Cows) Gum 106 x 92 mm RPS collection, gift of A L Coburn (1930) (photo: RPS) Plate Walter Benington, Among the Housetops (1900) Gum 350 x VII 240 mm RPS collection, gift of F H Evans (1937) (photo: RPS) See also Plate VII
    • Plate Walter Benington, The Church of England (1903) VIII Platinum 192 x 143 mm
    • RPS collection, gift of F H Evans (1937) (photo: RPS) Plate Walter Benington, After the Storm (1906) (aka A Tangle IX after the Storm) Gum 280 x 190 mm RPS collection, Newhall 1986. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press “A Few of the Less Well Known Good Deeds of Photography” Photographic Times, Vol. 7 No. 74, February 1877: 28-30. “The Photographic Picture Exhibitions” The Amateur Photographer, Vol. XXII No. 574, 4 October 1895: 217-218 The History of Three-Color Photography
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    • Walter Benington: plates from original prints in the RPS collection. Plate Walter Benington, The Church of England (1903) I Platinum. 195 x 145 mm. RPS collection, gift of A L Coburn (1930) (photo: RPS) See also Plate VIII Plate Walter Benington, Fleet Street (1897) II Platinum 223 x 141 mm RPS collection, gift of F H Evans (1924) (photo: RPS)
    • Plate Walter Benington, Over the Hills and Far Away (1901) (aka III Across the Valley) Platinum 84 x 112 mm. RPS collection, gift of F H Evans 1937 (photo: RPS)
    • Plate Walter Benington, Rye Marshes (c. 1907) Gum 108 x 195 IV mm RPS collection, gift of F H Evans (1924) (photo: RPS) Plate Walter Benington, The Mere (c. 1902) (aka The Silent Pool) V Platinum 110 x 202 mm RPS collection, gift of F H Evans (1924) (photo: RPS)
    • Plate Walter Benington, The Top of the Hill (c. 1906) (aka VI Landscape with Cows) Gum 106 x 92 mm RPS collection, gift of A L Coburn (1930) (photo: RPS) Plate Walter Benington, Among the Housetops (1900) Gum 350 x VII 240 mm RPS collection, gift of F H Evans (1937) (photo: RPS) See also Plate VII
    • Plate Walter Benington, The Church of England (1903) VIII Platinum 192 x 143 mm RPS collection, gift of F H Evans (1937) (photo: RPS) See also Plate I
    • Plate Walter Benington, After the Storm (1906) (aka A Tangle IX after the Storm) Gum 280 x 190 mm RPS collection, acquired 1928 (photo: RPS)
    • Plate Walter Benington, Westminster (c.1906) (aka Houses of X Parliament from the Embankment) Platinum 240 x 182 mm RPS collection, gift of A L Coburn (1930) (photo: RPS) Plate Walter Benington, Landscape (c. 1908) (aka Surrey Woods) XI Platinum 236 x 169 mm
    • RPS collection, gift of F H Evans (1924) (photo: RPS) Plate Walter Benington, The Cab Rank (1909) XII Gum 488 x 379 mm
    • RPS collection, gift of J Holcroft (1930) (photo: RPS) Plate Walter Benington, The Cab Rank (1909) Variant print XIII Gravure. 129 x 101 mm
    • RPS collection gift of A L Coburn (1930) (photo: RPS) Plate Walter Benington, Riverside Houses (1909) (aka Limehouse XIV Hole) Gravure 134 x 91mm
    • RPS collection, gift of A L Coburn (1930) (photo: RPS) Plate Walter Benington, Portrait (1913)
    • XV Platinum 204 x 157 mm
    • RPS collection, gift of J C Warburg (1931) (photo: RPS) Plate Walter Benington, Ellen Terry (1914) XVI Bromide 300 x 232 mm
    • RPS collection, gift of A L Coburn (1930) (photo: RPS)
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