Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Bell, AJ (2015)
Publisher: American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Languages: English
Types: Article

Classified by OpenAIRE into

arxiv: Condensed Matter::Materials Science
In order to provide a means of understanding the relationship between the primary electromechanical coefficients and simple crystal chemistry parameters for piezoelectric materials, a static analysis of a 3 atom, dipolar molecule has been undertaken to derive relationships for elastic compliance sE, dielectric permittivity X and piezoelectric charge coefficient d in terms of an effective ionic charge and two inter-atomic force constants. The relationships demonstrate the mutual interdependence of the three coefficients, in keeping with experimental evidence from a large dataset of commercial piezoelectric materials. It is shown that the electromechnical coupling coefficient k is purely an expression of the asymmetry in the two force constants or bond compliances. The treatment is extended to show that the quadratic electrostriction relation between strain and polarization, in both centrosymmetric and non-centrosymmetric systems, is due to the presence of a non-zero 2nd order term in the bond compliance. Comparison with experimental data explains the counter-intuitive, positive correlation of k with sE and X and supports the proposition that high piezoelectric activity in single crystals is dominated by large compliance coupled with asymmetry in the sub-cell force constants. However, the analysis also shows that in polycrystalline materials, the dielectric anisotropy of the constituent crystals can be more important for attaining large charge coefficients. The model provides a completely new methodology for the interpretation of piezoelectric and electrostrictive property data and suggests methods for rapid screening for high activity in candidate piezoelectric materials, both experimentally and by novel interrogation of ab initio calculations.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1A. Safari and E. K. Akdogan, Piezoelectric and Acoustic Materials for Transducer Applications (Springer, New York, 2009).
    • 2D. Damjanovic, Rep. Prog. Phys. 61, 1267 (1998).
    • 3H. Jaffe, W. R. Cook, and B. Jaffe, Piezoelectric Ceramics (Academic Press, London, 1971).
    • 4J. L. Jones, M. Hoffman, J. E. Daniels, and A. J. Studer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 092901 (2006).
    • 5V. Sundar and R. E. Newnham, Ferroelectrics 135, 431 (1992).
    • 6J. Grindlay and H. C. Wong, Can. J. Phys. 47, 1563 (1969).
    • 7Z. Suo, X. Zhao, and W. H. Greene, J. Mech. Phys. Solids 56, 467 (2008).
    • 8S. W. P. van Sterkenberg and Th. Kwaaitaal, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 25, 843 (1992).
    • 9J. Curie and P. Curie, Bull. Soc. Minerol. France 3, 90-93 (1880).
    • 10See supplementary material at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4937135 for an Excel file Piezoelectric Property Data.xls which contains all the commercial materials property data used in the paper.
    • 11R. Resta, Rev. Mod. Phys. 66, 899 (1994).
    • 12P. Muralt, in Encyclopedia of Materials Science and Technology, edited by K. H. J. Buschow, R. W. Cahn, M. C. Flemings, B. Ilschner, E. J. Kramer, S. Mahajan, and P. Veyssie`rep (Elsevier, 2011), p. 8894.
    • 13K. Uchino and L. E. Cross, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 19, L171 (1980).
    • 14T. Kamiya, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 35, 4421 (1996).
    • 15S. Wada, K. Muraoka, H. Kakemoto, T. Tsurumi, and H. Kumagai, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 43, 6692 (2004).
    • 16A. J. Bell, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 3907 (2001).
    • 17M. J. Haun, E. Furman, S. J. Jang, H. A. McKinstry, and L. E. Cross, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 3331 (1987).
    • 18M. J. Haun, E. Furman, S. J. Jang, and L. E. Cross, Ferroelectrics 99, 63 (1989).
    • 19S. Zhang and F. Li, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 031301 (2012).
    • 20D. Damjanovic, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 88, 2663 (2005).
    • 21G. Arlt and N. A. Pertsev, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 2283 (1991).
    • 22B. Noheda, D. E. Cox, G. Shirane, S.-E. Park, L. E. Cross, and Z. Zhong, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3891 (2001).
    • 23M. E. Lines and A. M. Glass, Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1977).
    • 24A. F. Devonshire, Adv. Phys. 3, 85 (1954).
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article