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Manley, John Francis (2011)
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: CC, GN, DA, DA140, GF
This thesis will explore the agentive roles of material culture in ancient colonial encounters. It takes as a case study the Roman colonization of southern Britain, from the first century BC onwards. Using ethnographic and theoretical perspectives largely drawn from social anthropology, it seeks to demonstrate that the consumption of certain types of continental material culture by some members of communities in southern Britain, pre-disposed the local population to Roman political annexation in the later part of the first century AD.\ud \ud Once the Roman colonial project proper commenced, different material cultures were introduced by colonial agents to maintain domination over a subaltern population. Throughout, the entanglement of people and things represented a reciprocal continuum, in which things moved people's minds, as much as people got to grips with particular things. In addition it will be suggested that the confrontations of material culture brought about by the colonial encounters affected the colonizer as much as the colonized.\ud \ud The thesis will demonstrate the impact of a variety of novel material cultures by focusing in detail on a key area of southern Britain – Chichester and its immediate environs. Material culture will be examined in four major categories: Landscapes and Buildings; Exchange, Food and Drink; Coinages; Death and Burial. Chapters dealing with these categories will be preceded by an opening chapter on the nature of Roman colonialism, followed by an introductory one on the history and archaeology of southern Britain and the study area. The Conclusion will include some thoughts on the integration of anthropological approaches to archaeological interpretation. I intend that the thesis provides a contribution to the wider debate on the role of material culture in ancient colonial projects, and an example of the increasingly productive bidirectional entanglement of archaeology and anthropology.
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    • Conference. Oxford: Oxbow Books. 131- 140.
    • The new pearlshells: aspects of money and meaning in Anganen exchange, Canberra Anthropology, 12 (1 and 2), 144-160.
    • Pairing of Pots in the Middle Helladic Period. In: P.P. Betancourt et al. 569-573.
    • 8. Distribution map of sites mentioned in the text, against the drift geology, and chalk downs (the white areas at the top of the map), of the study area. Note the location of the Chichester Dykes (for detail see Figure 12), Hayling Island Temple, The Trundle, Stane Street, Fishbourne and Chichester. (The background geology is depicted in grayscale, but is the same as in Figure 1).
    • 9. The Trundle - in the Iron Age the grass covered chalk-bank would have been more imposing, and may have been revetted by a vertical timber façade. The several straight sections of earthwork that make up the enclosing bank, are quite obvious on the ground.
    • 10. Plan of the Middle Iron Age settlement at Chalkpit Lane, Lavant. The vaguely circular shapes are the remains of round-houses, while the square and rectangular shapes are those of granaries. (From Kenny 1993).
    • 11. Plans of the two main temples on Hayling Island; note how the later and larger Atrebatic one respects the basic elements of the earlier Late Iron Age temple. (From King and Soffe 1994).
    • 12. A map of the known sections of the Chichester Dykes (top - Manley 2002). The photograph shows a small section of the Chichester Dykes at Broyle Copse, just to the north of Chichester and Fishbourne. The author is standing on top of the filled in ditch, with the remains of the inner earthen bank to the left, and south (bottom).
    • 13. Plans of the early buildings at Fishbourne, underneath the later Palace. Note the position of the stream, which provides a strange setting for the complex. (From Manley and Rudkin 2005).
    • 14. The Flavian Palace at Fishbourne, constructed around AD75. The flexed, front of the Palace is on the eastern side, facing Building 3. The formal garden is enclosed on all sides by the four wings, or ranges, of the Palace. Note the position of the earlier Late Iron Age ditch (which produced imported tablewares and pig bones) in front of the later Palace. This ditch hints at the possibility that there may have been multiple Late Iron Age divisions of the landscape that influenced the layout and position of later post-AD 43 buildings. (From Manley and Rudkin 2005).
    • 15. Plan of the Roman town of Chichester (Noviomagus). Stane Street, coming towards the town from the north-east is one of the earliest features on this plan - originally it continued straight to Dell Quay. Note the polygonality of the stone walled circuit, (perhaps derived from the straight-sided outline of The Trundle), constructed in the third century AD; it no doubt followed the lines of an earlier settlement boundary that may have comprised an earthen ditch and bank. (From Manley 2002).
    • 16. Plan of the villa at Watergate Hanger; note the „round-house‟ to the west of the structure. (Plan by James Kenny).
    • 17. A Dressel 1A amphora. Nothing like this pottery vessel, with its long neck and handles, had been seen in Britain before. The vessel is about 1 metre in height.
    • 18. Sites mentioned in Chapter 5. The Chichester Dykes are marked by east-west lines north of Fishbourne. (The background geology is depicted in grayscale, but is the same as in Figure 1).
    • 19. Arretine pottery, made at Arezzo and at other Italian production centres, from the early ditch to the east of Fishbourne Roman Palace. Note the initials TV scratched on the bottom of the cup (upper left) - a clear suggestion of individual, and possibly immigrant, ownership.
    • 20. Reconstructions of some of the principal pottery forms from the early ditch at Fishbourne Roman Palace. Arretine ware is at the bottom, with Gallo-Belgic whitewares and beakers in the middle. Locally produced cooking wares are at the top,
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