LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Smith, Michael; Foster, Jonathan (2008)
Publisher: Elsevier
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: C800
The ingestion of oral glucose has been observed to facilitate memory performance in both elderly individuals and in young adults. However, fewer studies have investigated the effect of glucose on memory in children or adolescents. In the present study, the ingestion of a glucose laden drink was observed to enhance verbal episodic memory performance in healthy adolescents under conditions of divided attention, relative to a placebo drink. Further analyses found that this glucose memory facilitation effect was observed only in adolescents exhibiting better glucoregulatory efficiency. These findings demonstrate that the glucose memory facilitation effect can be generalised to younger individuals. The importance of controlling for treatment order in within-subjects designs investigating the glucose memory enhancement effect is also discussed.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Awad, N., Gagnon, M., Desrochers, A., Tsiakas, M., & Messier, C. (2002). Impact of peripheral glucoregulation on memory. Behavioral Neuroscience, 116, 691- 702.
    • Benton, D., Owens, D. S., & Parker, P. Y. (1994). Blood glucose influences memory and attention in young adults. Neuropsychologia, 32, 595-607.
    • Bond, A., & Lader, M. (1974). The use of analogue scales in rating subjective feelings. British Journal of Psychology, 47, 211-218.
    • Busch, C. R., Taylor, H. A., Kanarek, R. B., & Holocomb, P. J. (2002). The effects of a confectionary snack on attention in young boys. Physiology & Behavior, 77, 333-340.
    • Byrne, D. G., Davenport, S. C., & Mazanov, J. (2007). Profiles of adolescent stress: The development of the adolescent stress questionnaire (ASQ). Journal of Adolescence, 30, 393-416.
    • Craft, S., Murphy, C., & Wemstrom, J. (1994). Glucose effects on complex memory and nonmemory tasks: the influence of age, sex, and glucoregulatory response. Psychobiology, 22, 95-105.
    • Delis, D. C., Kramer, J. H., Kaplan, E., & Ober, B. A. (2000). California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition, Adult Version. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.
    • Doniger, G. M., Simon, E. S., & Zivotofsky, A. Z. (2006). Comprehensive computerized assessment of cognitive sequelae of a complete 12-16 hour fast. Behavioral Neuroscience, 120, 804-816.
    • Donohoe, R. T., & Benton, D. (2000). Glucose tolerance predicts performance on tests of memory and cognition. Physiology & Behavior, 71, 395-401.
    • Fernández-Real, J., Ricart, C., & Casamitjana, R. (1997). Lower cortisol levels after oral glucose in subjects with insulin resistance and abdominal obesity. Clinical Endocrinology, 47, 583-588.
    • Foster, J. K., Lidder, P. G., & Sünram, S. I. (1998). Glucose and memory: fractionation of enhancement effects. Psychopharmacology, 137, 259-270.
    • Foster, J. K., Smith, M. A., Woodman, M., Zombor, R., & Ashton, J. (2007). Impact of a wholegrain breakfast cereal meal on blood glucose level, mood and affect. Food Australia, 59, 593-596.
    • Gibson, E. L., Checkley, S., Papadopoulos, A., Poon, L., Daley, S., & Wardle, J. (1999). Increased salivary cortisol reliably induced by a protein-rich midday meal. Psychosom Med, 61, 214-224.
    • Gibson, E. L., & Green, M. W. (2002). Nutritional influences on cognitive function: mechanisms of susceptibility. Nutrition Research Reviews, 15, 169-206.
    • Giedd, J. N., Blumenthal, J., Jeffries, N. O., Castellanos, F. X., Liu, H., Zijdenbos, A., et al. (1999). Brain development during childhood and adolescence: a longitudinal MRI study. Nature Neuroscience, 2, 861-863.
    • Gonzalez-Bono, E., Rohleder, N., Hellhammer, D. H., Salvador, A., & Kirschbaum, C. (2002). Glucose but not protein or fat load amplifies the cortisol response to psychosocial stress. Hormones and Behavior, 41, 328-333.
    • Hall, J. L., Gonder-Frederick, L. A., Chewning, W. W., Silvera, J., & Gold, P. E. (1989). Glucose enhancement of performance on memory tests in young and aged humans. Neuropsychologia, 27, 1129-1138.
    • Horne, P., Barr, R. G., Valiante, G., Zelazo, P. R., & Young, S. N. (2006). Glucose enhances newborn memory for spoken words. Developmental Psychobiology, 48, 574-582.
    • Ingwersen, J., Defeyter, M. A., Kennedy, D. O., Wesnes, K. A., & Scholey, A. B. (2007). A low glycaemic index breakfast cereal preferentially prevents children's cognitive performance from declining throughout the morning. Appetite, 49, 240-244.
    • Kaplan, R. J., Greenwood, C. E., Winocur, G., & Wolever, T. M. S. (2000). Cognitive performance is associated with glucose regulation in healthy elderly persons and can be enhanced with glucose and dietary carbohydrates. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72, 825-836.
    • Kennedy, D. O., & Scholey, A. B. (2000). Glucose administration, heart rate and cognitive performance: effects of increasing mental effort. Psychopharmacology, 149, 63-71.
    • Knott, V., Messier, C., Mahoney, C., & Gagnon, M. (2001). Glucose and glucoregulatory modulation of memory scanning, event-related potentials and EEG in elderly subjects. Neuropsychobiology, 44, 156-166.
    • Lapp, J. E. (1981). Effects of glycemic alterations and noun imagery on the learning of paired associates. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 14, 35-38.
    • Mahoney, C. R., Taylor, H. A., Kanarek, R. B., & Samuel, P. (2005). Effect of breakfast composition on cognitive processes in elementary school children. Physiology & Behavior, 85, 635-645.
    • Manning, C. A., Hall, J. L., & Gold, P. E. (1990). Glucose effects on memory and other neuropsychological tests in elderly humans. Psychological Science, 1, 307-311.
    • Matthews, D. R., Holman, R. R., Brown, E., Steenson, J., Watson, A., Hughes, S., et al. (1987). Pen sized digital 30 sec blood glucose meter. Lancet, 1, 778-779.
    • McNay, E. C., & Gold, P. E. (2002). Food for thought: Fluctuations in brain extracellular glucose provide insight into the mechanisms of memory modulation. Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews, 1, 264-280.
    • Meikle, A., Riby, L. M., & Stollery, B. (2004). The impact of glucose ingestion and gluco-regulatory control on cognitive performance: a comparison of younger and middle aged adults. Human Psychopharmacology, 19, 523-535.
    • Meikle, A., Riby, L. M., & Stollery, B. (2005). Memory processing and the glucose facilitation effect: The effects of stimulus difficulty and memory load. Nutritional Neuroscience, 8, 227-232.
    • Messier, C. (2004). Glucose improvement of memory: a review. European Journal of Pharmacology, 490, 33-57.
    • Messier, C. (2005). Impact of impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes on cognitive aging. Neurobiology of Aging, 26, S26-S30.
    • Messier, C., Desrochers, A., & Gagnon, M. (1999). Effect of glucose, glucose regulation, and word imagery value on human memory. Behavioral Neuroscience, 113, 431-438.
    • Messier, C., Gagnon, M., & Knott, V. (1997). Effect of glucose and peripheral glucose regulation on memory in the elderly. Neurobiology of Aging, 18, 297- 304.
    • Messier, C., Tsiakas, M., Gagnon, M., Desrochers, A., & Awad, N. (2003). Effect of age and glucoregulation on cognitive performance. Neurobiology of Aging, 24, 985-1003.
    • Parsons, M. W., & Gold, P. E. (1992). Glucose enhancement of memory in elderly humans: an inverted-U dose-response curve. Neurobiology of Aging, 13, 401- 404.
    • Plat, L., Byrne, M. M., Sturis, J., Polonsky, K. S., Mockel, J., Fery, F., et al. (1996). Effects of morning cortisol elevation on insulin secretion and glucose regulation in humans. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab, 270, E36-42.
    • Riby, L. M. (2004). The impact of age and task domain on cognitive performance: a meta-analytic review of the glucose facilitation effect. Brain Impairment, 5, 145-165.
    • Riby, L. M., McMurtrie, H., Smallwood, J., Ballantyne, C., Meikle, A., & Smith, E. (2006). The facilitative effects of glucose ingestion on memory retrieval in younger and older adults: Is task difficulty or task domain critical? British Journal of Nutrition, 95, 414-420.
    • Riby, L. M., Meikle, A., & Glover, C. (2004). The effects of age, glucose ingestion and gluco-regulatory control on episodic memory. Age and Ageing, 33, 483- 487.
    • Scholey, A. B., Harper, S., & Kennedy, D. O. (2001). Cognitive demand and blood glucose. Physiology & Behavior, 73, 585-592.
    • Sieber, F. E., & Traystman, R. J. (1992). Special issues: glucose and the brain. Critical Care Medicine, 20, 104-194.
    • Smith, A. P. (2002). Stress, breakfast cereal consumption and cortisol. Nutritional Neuroscience, 5, 141-144.
    • Strauss, E., Sherman, E. M. S., & Spreen, O. (2006). A compendium of neuropsychological tests: administration, norms, and commentary (3rd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
    • Sunram-Lea, S. I., Dewhurst, S. A., & Foster, J. K. (2008). The effect of glucose administration on the recollection and familiarity components of recognition memory. Biological Psychology, 77, 69-75.
    • Sünram-Lea, S. I., Foster, J. K., Durlach, P., & Perez, C. (2001). Glucose facilitation of cognitive performance in healthy young adults: Examination of the influence of fast-duration, time of day and pre-consumption plasma glucose levels. Psychopharmacology, 157, 46-54.
    • Sünram-Lea, S. I., Foster, J. K., Durlach, P., & Perez, C. (2002). Investigation into the significance of task difficulty and divided allocation of resources on the glucose memory facilitation effect. Psychopharmacology, 160, 387-397.
    • Wenk, G. L. (1989). An hypothesis on the role of glucose in the mechanism of action of cognitive enhancers. Psychopharmacology, 99, 431-438.
    • Wesnes, K. A., Pincock, C., Richardson, D., Helm, G., & Hails, S. (2003). Breakfast reduces declines in attention and memory over the morning in schoolchildren. Appetite, 41, 329-331.
    • Winocur, G. (1995). Glucose-enhanced performance by aged rats on a test of conditional discrimination learning. Psychobiology, 23, 270-276.
    • Wolf, O. T. (2003). HPA axis and memory. Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 17, 287-299.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article