Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Balasas, Dimitris G.; Christoulas, Kosmas; Stefanidis, Panagiotis; Vamvakoudis, Efstratios; Bampouras, Theodoros (2017)
Publisher: Edizioni Minerva Medica
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Z724, Z801, Z805, Z807

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: human activities, musculoskeletal system, body regions
Background: Beach volleyball is frequently used as a conditioning activity for indoor volleyball players, but little information exists regarding any performance benefits when transitioning from sand to hard court. The present study examined the effect of 12 weeks beach volleyball training on muscle performance of indoor volleyball players.\ud \ud Methods: Eleven athletes who completed an indoor volleyball season and were willing to train and compete at beach volleyball, participated in the study. Muscle endurance of knee extensors and plantar flexors (torque at 120°·s-1 following 40 contractions), muscle strength of knee extensors/ flexors (60, 180, 300°·s-1), dorsi/ plantar flexors (torque at 60, 120, 180°·s-1) trunk flexors (60, 90, 180°·s-1) and power (squat (SJ) and countermovement (CMJ) jumps performed on sand and hard court surfaces) were assessed pre- and post-12 weeks of beach volleyball training.\ud \ud Results: Knee extensors and plantar flexors endurance was higher post-12 weeks, as less torque decrease was found after 40 contractions for both muscle groups at post-12 weeks time points. Knee extensors strength was higher post-12 weeks for 60 and 300°·s-1, while dorsi flexors strength was higher post-12 weeks for all speeds. SJ and CMJ vertical jump height was improved when measured on sand and on hard court.\ud \ud Conclusions: Twelve weeks of systematic training and competition at beach volleyball can improve muscular endurance of lower limbs and jumping height in indoor volleyball players. More importantly, these improvements are transferrable to hard court, making beach volleyball a very attractive alternative for conditioning indoor volleyball players during the off-indoor volleyball season.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Smith R. Movement in the sand: Training implications for beach volleyball. Strength Cond J 2006;28(5):19-21.
    • 2. Fédération Internationale de Volleyball. Official beach volleyball rules [Internet]. 2015; Available from: http://www.fivb.org/EN/RefereeingRules/RulesOfTheGame_BVB.asp
    • 3. Mrozcek D, Januszkiewicz A, Kawczynski AS, Borysiuk Z, Chmura J. Analysis of male volleyball players' motor activities during a top level match. J Strength Conditioning Res 2014;28(8):2297-2305.
    • 4. Giatsis G, Kollias I, Panoutsakopoulos V, Papaiakovou G. Biomechanical differences in elite beach-volleyball players in vertical squat jump on rigid and sand surface. Sports Biomech 2004;3(1):145-158.
    • 5. Giatsis G, Zetou E. The influence of regulations changes on the fluctuation of score of beach volleyball games. Inquiries in Sport and Physical Education, 2003;1:43-48.
    • 6. Palao JM, Valades D, Ortega E. Match duration and number of rallies in men's and women's 2000-2010 world tour beach volleyball. J Human Kin 2012;34:99-104.
    • 7. Giatsis G. The effect of changing the rules on score fluctuation and match duration in the FIVB women's beach volleyball. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport 2003;3:57-64.
    • 8. Bobbert MF, Van Soest AJ. Why the people jump the way they do? Exerc Sport Sci Rev 2001;29(3):95-102.
    • 9. Binnie MJ, Dawson B, Arnot MA, Pinnington H, Landers G, Peeling P. Effect of sand versus grass training surfaces during an 8-week pre-season conditioning programme in team sport athletes. J Sport Sci 2014;32(11):1001-1012.
    • 10. Turpin JPA, Cortell JM, Chinchilla JJ, Cejuela R, Suarez C. Analysis of jump patterns in competition for elite male beach volleyball players. Int J Perform Anal Sport 2008;8(2):94-101.
    • 11. Impellizzeri FM, Rampinini E, Castagna C, Martino F, Fiorini S, Wisloff U. Effect of plyometric training on sand versus grass on muscle soreness and jumping and sprinting ability in soccer players. Br J Sports Med 2008;42:42-46.
    • 12. Balasas D, Vamvakoudis E, Christoulas K, Stefanidis P, Prantsidis D, Papaevangelou, E. Τhe effect of beach volleyball training on running economy and VO2max of indoor volleyball players. J Phys Educ Sport 2013;13(1):33-38.
    • 13. Ziv G, Lidor R. Vertical jump in female and male volleyball players: a review of observational and experimental studies. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2010;20:556-567.
    • 14. Arazi H, Mohammadi M, Asadi A. Muscular adaptations to depth jump plyometric training: Comparison of sand vs. land surface. Interv Med Appl Sci 2014; 6(3):125- 30.
    • 15. Casartelli N, Muller R, Maffiuletti N. Validity and reliability of the myotest accelerometric system for the assessment of vertical jump height. J Strength Cond Res 2010;24(11):3186-3193.
    • 16. Walshe AD, Wilson GJ, Murphy AJ. The validity and reliability of a test of lower body musculotendinous stiffness. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 1996;73(3- 4):332-9.
    • 17. Fritz CO, Morris PE, Richler JJ. Effect size estimates: Current use, calculations, and interpretation. J Exp Psychol 2012;141(1):2-18.
    • 18. Gaudino P, Gaudino C, Alberti G, Minetti AE. (2013). Biomechanics and predicted energetics of sprinting on sand: Hints for soccer training. J Sci Med Sport 2013;16:271-275.
    • 19. Lejeune TM, Willems PA, Heglund NC. Mechanics and energetics of human locomotion on sand. J Exp Biol 1998;201:2071-2080.
    • 20. Pinnington HC, Dawson B. The energy cost of running on grass compared to soft dry sand. J Sci Med Sport 2001;4(4):416-430.
    • 21. Zamparo P, Perini R, Orizio C, Sacher M, Ferretti G. The energy cost of walking or running on sand. Eur J Appl Physiol 1992;65:183-187.
    • 22. Muramatsu S, Fukudome A, Motoyoshi M, Arimoto M, Kijima A. Energy expenditure in maximal jumps on sand. J Physiol Anthrop 2006;25:59-61.
    • 23. Newton RU, Kraemer WJ, Hakkinen K. Effects of ballistic training on preseason preparation of elite volleyball players. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1999;31(2):323-330.
    • 24. Marques MC, Van den Tillaar R, Vesconi JD, Gonzalez-Badillo JJ. Changes in strength and power performance in elite female professional volleyball players during the in-season: A case study. J Strength Conditioning Res 2008;22(4):1147-1155.
    • 25. Pereira A, Costa AM, Santos P, Figueiredo T, Joao PV. Training strategy of explosive strength in young female volleyball players. Medicina, 2015;126-131.
    • 26. Di Giulio I, Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Loram ID. The proprioceptive and agonist roles of gastrocnemius, soleus and tibialis anterior muscles in maintaining human upright posture. J Physiol 2009;587(10):2399-2416.
    • 27. Pinnington HC, Lloyd DG, Besier TF, Dawson B. Kinematic and electromyography analysis of submaximal differences running on a firm surface compared with soft, dry sand. Eur J Appl Physiol 2005;94:242-253.
    • 28. Forthomme B, Croisier JL, Giccarone G, Crielaard JM, Cloes M. Factors correlated with volleyball spike velocity. Am J Sports Med 2005;33(10):1513-1519.
    • 29. Sheppard JM, Gabbett TJ, Taylor KL, Dorman J, Lebedew AJ, Borgeaud R. Development of a repeated-effort test for elite men's volleyball. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 2007;2(3):292-304.
    • 30. Laios Y. Comparison of the basic characteristics of men's and women's beach volley from the Athens 2004 Olympics. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport 2008;8(3):130-137.
    • 31. Gortsila E, Theos A, Smirnioti A, Maridaki M, editors. The effect of sand based training in agility of pre-pubescent volleyball players. Proceedings of at the 16th annual congress of the European College of Sport Science, Liverpool; 2011.
    • 32. Marques MC, Gonzalez-Badillo JJ. In season resistance training and detraining in professional team handball players. J Strength Cond Res 2006;20(3):563-571.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article