Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:

OpenAIRE is about to release its new face with lots of new content and services.
During September, you may notice downtime in services, while some functionalities (e.g. user registration, login, validation, claiming) will be temporarily disabled.
We apologize for the inconvenience, please stay tuned!
For further information please contact helpdesk[at]openaire.eu

fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Joly-Mascheroni, Ramiro M; Senju, Atsushi; Shepherd, Alex J (2008)
Publisher: The Royal Society
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Research Article, psyc
This study is the first to demonstrate that human yawns are possibly contagious to domestic dogs (Canis familiaris). Twenty-nine dogs observed a human yawning or making control mouth movements. Twenty-one dogs yawned when they observed a human yawning, but control mouth movements did not elicit yawning from any of them. The presence of contagious yawning in dogs suggests that this phenomenon is not specific to primate species and may indicate that dogs possess the capacity for a rudimentary form of empathy. Since yawning is known to modulate the levels of arousal, yawn contagion may help coordinate dog–human interaction and communication. Understanding the mechanism as well as the function of contagious yawning between humans and dogs requires more detailed investigation.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Anderson, J. R., Myowa-Yamakoshi, M., & Matsuzawa, T. 2004 Contagious yawning in chimpanzees. Proc. R. Soc. B. 271(Suppl. 6), S468-S470. (doi:10.1098/rsbl.2004.0224)
    • Baenninger, R 1987 Some comparative aspecits of yawning in Betta splendens, Homo sapiens, Panthera leo, and Papio sphinx. J. Comp. Psychol. 101, 349-354.
    • Beerda, B., Schilder, M. B. H., van Hooff, J. A. R. A. M., de Vries, H. W., & Mol, J. A. 1998 Behavioural, saliva cortisol and heart rate responses to different types of stimuli in dogs. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 58, 365-381.
    • Daquin, G., Micallef, J., & Blin, O. 2001 Yawning. Sleep Med. Rev., 5, 299-312.
    • Deputte, B. L. (1994). Ethological study of yawning in primates. 1. Quantitative analysis and study of causation in 2 species of Old World monkeys (Cercocebus albigena and Macaca fascicularis). Ethology, 98, 221-245.
    • Diederich, C., & Giffroy, J.-M. 2006 Behavioural testing in dogs: A review of methodology in search for standardisation. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 97, 51-72. (doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2005.11.018)
    • Hare, B., Brown, M., Williamson, C., & Tomasello, M. 2002 The domestication of social cognition in dogs. Science, 298, 1634-1636.
    • Hare, B., & Tomasello, M. 2005 Human-like social skills in dogs? Trends Cogn. Sci., 9, 439-444. (doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2005.07.003)
    • Heyes, C. M., & Ray, E. D. 2000 What is the significance of imitation in animals? Adv. Study Behav. 29, 215-245.
    • Hennessy, M. B., Morris, A., & Linden, F. 2006 Evaluation of the effects of a socialization program in a prison on behavior and pituitaryadrenal hormone levels of shelter dogs. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 99, 157-171. (doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2005.09.011)
    • Heusner, A. P. 1946 Yawning and associated phenomena. Physiol. Rev., 26, 156-168.
    • McNemar, Q. 1947 Note on the sampling error of the difference between correlated proportions or percentages. Psychometrika, 12, 153-157.
    • Miklósi, Á., Kubinyi, E., Topál, J., Gácsi, M., Virányi, Z., & Csányi, V. 2003 A simple reason for a big difference: Wolves do not look back at humans, but dogs do. Curr. Biol., 13, 763-766.
    • Miklósi, Á., & Soproni, K. 2006 A comparative analysis of animals' understanding of the human pointing gesture. Anim. Cogn. 9, 81-93. (doi: 10.1007/s10071-005-0008-1)
    • Miklósi, Á., Topál, J., & Csányi, V. 2007 Big thoughts in small brains? Dogs as a model for understanding human social cognition. Neuroreport, 18, 467-471.
    • Moore, J. E. 1942 Some psychological aspects of yawning. J. Gen. Psychiatry, 27, 289-294.
    • Paukner, A., & Anderson, J. R. 2006 Video-induced yawning in stumptail macaques (Macaca arctoides). Biol. Lett. 2, 36-38. (doi:10.1098/rsbl.2005.0411)
    • Platek, S. M., Critton, S. R., Myers, T. E., & Gallup, G. G. 2003 The role of self-awareness and mental state attribution, Cogn. Brain Res. 17, 223-227. (doi:10.1016/S0926-6410(03)00109-5)
    • Preston, S. D. & de Waal, F. B. 2002 Empathy: Its ultimate and proximate bases. Behav. Brain Sci. 25, 1-20.
    • Provine, R. R. 1986 Yawning as a stereotyped action pattern and releasing stimulus. Ethology, 72, 448-455.
    • Rooney, N. J., Gaines, S. A., & Bradshaw, J. W. S. 2007 Behavioural and glucocorticoid responses of dogs (Canis familiaris) to kennelling: Investigating mitigation of stress by prior habituation. Physiol. Behav., 92, 847-854. (doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2007.06.011)
    • Senju, A., Maeda, M., Kikuchi, Y., Hasegawa, T., Tojo, Y., & Osanai, H. 2007 Absence of contagious yawning in children with autism spectrum disorder. Biol. Lett., 3, 706-708. (doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2007.0337)
    • Smith, E. 1999 Yawning: An evolutionary perspective. Hum. Evol., 14, 191-198. (10.1007/BF02440156)
    • Topál, J., Byrne, R., Miklósi, Á., & Csányi, V. 2006 Reproducing human actions and action sequences: “Do as I Do!” in a dog. Anim. Cogn., 9, 355-367. (doi:10.1007/s10071-006-0051-6)
    • Virányi, Z., Topál, J., Miklósi, Á., & Csányi, V. 2006 A nonverbal test of knowledge attribution: a comparative study on dogs and children. Anim. Cogn., 9, 13-26. (doi:10.1007/s10071-005-0257-z)
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Cookies make it easier for us to provide you with our services. With the usage of our services you permit us to use cookies.
More information Ok