LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:

OpenAIRE is about to release its new face with lots of new content and services.
During September, you may notice downtime in services, while some functionalities (e.g. user registration, login, validation, claiming) will be temporarily disabled.
We apologize for the inconvenience, please stay tuned!
For further information please contact helpdesk[at]openaire.eu

fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Azevedo, Carmen Lúcia Leitão; Abreu, Martha Guerra Belmonte de; Guimarães, Lísia Rejane; Moreno, Dolores; Lobato, Maria Inês Rodrigues; Gama, Clarissa Severino; Belmonte-de-Abreu, Paulo Silva (2006)
Publisher: Sociedade de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul
Languages: Portuguese
Types: Article
Subjects: Esquizofrenia, Neurology. Diseases of the nervous system, Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry, RC321-571, RC346-429, Internal medicine, Medicine, Schizophrenia, Psychiatry, Psiquiatria, obesidade, R, Antipsychotics, antipsychotic, RC31-1245, antipsicóticos, Obesity, RC435-571
INTRODUÇÃO: O uso de antipsicóticos tem sido fundamental no tratamento de portadores de esquizofrenia. Entretanto, tanto a clozapina quanto a maior parte dos antipsicóticos atípicos podem induzir um maior ganho de peso corporal e alterações metabólicas. OBJETIVO: Comparar a freqüência de sobrepeso e obesidade em pacientes esquizofrênicos expostos à clozapina com a dos expostos a demais antipsicóticos. MÉTODO: Foram estudados 121 pacientes esquizofrênicos, com idade de 18 anos ou mais, de ambos os sexos, atendidos no Ambulatório de Esquizofrenia e Demências do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, encaminhados de forma consecutiva. Foram avaliadas medidas antropométricas de 53 pacientes em uso de clozapina e de 68 usando outros antipsicóticos, e todos preencheram os critérios diagnósticos de esquizofrenia do DSM-IV e CID-10. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença significativa na freqüência do IMC entre os esquizofrênicos em uso de clozapina, quando comparado com o dos que usam os demais antipsicóticos. As análises mostraram uma elevada prevalência de pacientes (72,7%) com excesso de peso (sobrepeso + obesidade). DISCUSSÃO: Devido à maior freqüência de excesso de peso na população esquizofrênica, pode-se evidenciar na amostra um indicativo de maior risco para transtornos vasculares e metabólicos. A ausência de diferença significativa em relação ao uso de clozapina, comparada com os demais antipsicóticos, demonstra a necessidade da montagem de estudos prospectivos determinando a magnitude de ganho de peso e o aumento de risco relativo à exposição específica de cada antipsicótico.
BACKGROUND: The use of antipsychotics has been crucial in the treatment of schizophrenic patients. However, clozapine, as well as most atypical antipsychotics, may lead to higher weight gain and metabolic changes. OBJECTIVE: To compare the frequency of overweight and obesity between schizophrenic patients exposed to clozapine to the prevalence of patients exposed to other antipsychotics. METHOD: This study assessed 121 schizophrenic outpatients aged 18 years or older, both genders, consecutively referred to an outpatient clinic for schizophrenia and dementia at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, a public hospital in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Anthropometric measures of 53 patients taking clozapine and of 68 taking other antipsychotics were assessed. All patients met DSM-IV and ICD-10 diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in body mass index between schizophrenic patients taking clozapine and patients taking other antipsychotics. Analyses showed high frequency of overweight and obesity (72.7%). DISCUSSION: Due to higher frequency of overweight in the schizophrenic population, it was possible to confirm a higher risk of vascular and metabolic disorders in the sample. Absence of a significant difference with regard to the use of clozapine, compared to other antipsychotics, provides evidence for the need of prospective studies in order to determine the magnitude of weight gain and risk increase related to specific exposure to each antipsychotic drug.
Cookies make it easier for us to provide you with our services. With the usage of our services you permit us to use cookies.
More information Ok