Subjects: Immune System Proteins, 医学, Precipitation Techniques, Research Article, Anatomy, Myositis, Rheumatology, Inflammatory Diseases, Interstitial Lung Diseases, Clinical Medicine, Bioassays and Physiological Analysis, Muscles, Proteins, Immunoprecipitation, Antibodies, Autoantibodies, Immunology, Skin Diseases, Muscle Analysis, Autoimmune Diseases, Biology and Life Sciences, Immune Physiology, Research and Analysis Methods, Pharyngeal Muscles, Dysphagia, Musculoskeletal System, Physiology, Medicine, Pulmonology, Dermatomyositis, Q, R, Dermatology, Clinical Immunology, Science, Biochemistry, Laryngology, Medicine and Health Sciences, Otorhinolaryngology
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Objective Dysphagia develops with low frequency in patients with dermatomyositis. Our objective was to determine the clinical and laboratory features that can estimate the development of dysphagia in dermatomyositis. Methods This study included 92 Japanese patients with adult-onset dermatomyositis. The associations between dysphagia and clinical and laboratory features including disease-specific autoantibodies determined by immunoprecipitation assays were analyzed. Results Videofluoroscopy swallow study (VFSS) was performed for all patients with clinical dysphagia (n = 13, 14.1%) but not for patients without clinical dysphagia. Typical findings of dysphagia (pharyngeal pooling, n = 11 and/or nasal regurgitation, n = 4) was detected by VFSS in all patients with clinical dysphagia. Eleven patients with dysphagia (84.6%) had anti-transcription intermediary factor 1γ (TIF-1γ) antibody. By univariate analysis, the average age and the male to female ratio, internal malignancy, and anti-TIF-1γ antibody were significantly higher and the frequency of interstitial lung diseases and manual muscle testing (MMT) scores of sternomastoid and dertoid muscles were significantly lower in patients with dysphagia than in patients without dysphagia. Among patients with anti-TIF-1γ antibody, the mean age, the ratios of male to female and internal malignancy were significantly higher and mean MMT scores of sternomastoid muscle were significantly lower in patients with dysphagia compared with patients without dysphagia. By multivariable analysis, the risk of dysphagia was strongly associated with the existence of internal malignancy and ant-TIF-1γ antibody and was also associated with reduced scores of manual muscle test of sternomastoid muscle. Dysphagia was markedly improved after the treatment against myositis in all 13 patients. Conclusion These findings indicate that dysphagia can develop frequently in patients with internal malignancy, anti-TIF-1γ antibody, or severe muscle weakness of sternomastoid muscle.