Subjects: INSURANCE, EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS, WATER SECTOR, WATER INDUSTRY, PERFORMANCE INCENTIVES, INCOME DISTRIBUTION, ACCESS TO SAFE WATER, ELASTICITIES, ECONOMETRICS, SEWERAGE INDUSTRY, WATER COVERAGE, INPUT USE, NUMBER OF CONNECTIONS, SAVINGS, CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK, SAFE WATER SUPPLY, MICROECONOMICS, SANITATION UTILITIES, EFFICIENCY, ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, PRODUCTIVITY ACCOUNTING, PRIVATE COMPANIES, WATER SERVICES, GOVERNANCE CAPACITY, UTILITY MANAGER, WATER DISTRIBUTION, MUNICIPAL WATER SUPPLY, EXTERNALITIES, WATER PRODUCTION, PERFORMANCE INDICATORS, PRIVATE SECTOR, WATER CONSUMPTION, FARMS, PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY, LARGE UTILITIES, SANITATION SERVICES, PRODUCTION PROCESS, PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH, INCOME, OPERATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS, ECONOMIC REVIEW, SCALE ECONOMIES, URBAN WATER, WATER UTILITIES, Water and Industry,Environmental Economics&Policies,Water Conservation,Decentralization,Health Economics&Finance,Town Water Supply and Sanitation,Environmental Economics&Policies,Water Supply and Sanitation Governance and Institutions,Water and Industry,Health Economics&Finance, PRODUCTIVITY, MUNICIPAL WATER, PRIVATE OPERATORS, PRODUCTION FUNCTIONS, PUBLIC UTILITIES, TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE, RURAL WATER, ECONOMIES OF SCALE, POLICY RESEARCH, ECONOMISTS, WATER ALLOCATION, PRIVATE FINANCING, WATER MANAGEMENT, ACCEPTABLE QUALITY, PRODUCTION CAPACITY, INCOME LEVELS, WATER SUPPLY, EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE, EMPLOYMENT, URBAN AREAS, RETURNS TO SCALE, WATER UTILITY, INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY, AVERAGE PRODUCTIVITY, REGULATORY SUPERVISION, GOOD GOVERNANCE, QUALITY OF WATER, WILLINGNESS TO PAY WATER UTILITIES
The authors analyze the determinants of
the efficiency levels reached by twenty one African water
utilities. They assess efficiency through the estimation of
a production frontier for the sector in Africa. The
efficiency estimates confirm much of the common perceptions
from partial productivity indicators. They point to a great
heterogeneity in the African water utilities'
performances, the predominance of constant returns to scale,
and the great rate of technological progress. And the
authors show that the institutional capacity of the country,
as well as its governance quality, are significant driving
factors in the performance of each firm.