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Smith, Alison; Ntoumanis, N; Duda, J L; Vansteenkiste, M (2011)
Publisher: Human Kinetics
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: PREDICTORS, BF Psychology, motivation, NEED SATISFACTION, ATTAINMENT, self-determination, NEGATIVE AFFECT, GV Recreation Leisure, AUTONOMY, Social Sciences, PROGRESS, goal setting, LIFE SATISFACTION, sport, PERSONAL GOALS, coping
Developing upon cross-sectional research (Smith, Ntoumanis, & Duda, 2007) supporting the self-concordance model (Sheldon & Elliot, 1999) as a framework for contextual goal striving, the current study investigated the assumptions of the model in relation to season-long goal striving in sport. The study additionally examined the role of coping strategies in the persistence of goal-directed effort. Structural equation modeling analysis with a sample of 97 British athletes indicated that start-of-season autonomous goal motives were linked to midseason effort, which subsequently predicted end-of-season goal attainment. Attainment was positively related to changes in psychological need satisfaction, which, in turn, predicted changes in emotional well-being. In a second model, autonomous and controlled motives positively predicted task-and disengagement-oriented coping strategies, respectively. In turn, these strategies were differentially associated with effort. The findings provide support for contextual adaptations of the self-concordance model and demonstrate the role of coping strategies in the goal striving process.
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