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fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Nikitopoulos , Claire (2017)
Publisher: HAL CCSD
Languages: French
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: Digital textbooks, Memorization, Compréhension, Interactive illustration, [ SHS.INFO ] Humanities and Social Sciences/Library and information sciences, Understanding, Appropriation, Mémorisation, Illustration interactive, Manuel numérique
The textbook evolves with the development of digital technology and proposes new resources. The illustrations are no longer static as in printed manuals, but based on interactivity. These animations, diagrams and interactive maps have a positive influence on students' memorization and understanding. Many researchers specializing in multimedia learning have highlighted these positive effects. According to J. Sweller, learning is favored when learning materials reduce the cognitive burden. J. Sweller studied the relationship between information processing processes and the presentation of information in the curriculum document. According to the theory of R.E. Mayer, multimedia has positive effects on student learning when the document combines text and illustrations. These new illustrations also change the role of the student who is no longer spectator of the image but user. The student controls his or her resource by giving it an action. He has the possibility to show the elements he wishes on a map, to make them disappear or to take the time he needs to understand the subject. The first objective of this thesis is to understand how teachers take digital textbooks and interactive illustrations. For this purpose, two surveys will reveal their uses. The second objective is to determine, from experiments, whether the interactive illustrations favor the memorization and understanding of students in relation to a static illustration.; Le manuel scolaire évolue avec le développement du numérique et propose de nouvelles ressources. Les illustrations ne sont plus statiques comme dans les manuels imprimés, mais fondées sur l’interactivité. Ces animations, schémas et cartes interactives ont une influence positive sur la mémorisation et la compréhension des élèves. De nombreux chercheurs spécialistes de l’apprentissage sur document multimédia ont fait ressortir ces effets positifs. D’après J. Sweller, l’apprentissage est favorisé dès lors que les documents pédagogiques permettent d’alléger la charge cognitive. J. Sweller a étudié les relations entre les processus de traitement de l’information et la présentation de l’information dans le document pédagogique. Selon la théorie de R.E. Mayer, le multimédia a des effets positifs sur l’apprentissage des élèves lorsque le document combine du texte et des illustrations. Ces nouvelles illustrations font également changer le rôle de l’élève qui n’est plus spectateur de l’image mais utilisateur. L’élève contrôle sa ressource en lui donnant une action. Il a ainsi la possibilité de faire apparaître les éléments qu’il souhaite sur une carte, les faire disparaître ou encore de prendre le temps dont il a besoin pour comprendre le sujet. Le premier objectif de cette thèse est de comprendre comment les enseignants s’approprient les manuels numériques et les illustrations interactives. Pour cela, deux enquêtes permettront de découvrir leurs usages. Le deuxième objectif est de déterminer, à partir d’expérimentations, si les illustrations interactives favorisent la mémorisation et la compréhension des élèves par rapport à une illustration statique.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

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