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Butcher, Scott J; Pasiorowski, Michal P; Jones, Richard L (2007)
Publisher: Pulsus Group Inc
Journal: Canadian Respiratory Journal
Languages: English
Types: Unknown
Subjects: Original Article, Diseases of the respiratory system, RC705-779, Article Subject

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: respiratory tract diseases, respiratory system
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of high-frequency chest wall oscillation (HFCWO) in mucolysis and mucous clearance is thought to be dependant on oscillatory flow rate (Fosc). Therefore, increasing Fosc during HFCWO may have a clinical benefit.OBJECTIVES: To examine effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on Fosc at two oscillation frequencies in healthy subjects and patients with airway obstruction.METHODS: Five healthy subjects and six patients with airway obstruction underwent 12 randomized trials of HFCWO (CPAP levels of 0 cm H2O, 2 cm H2O, 4 cm H2O, 6 cm H2O, 8 cm H2O and 10 cm H2O at frequencies of 10 Hz and 15 Hz) within a body plethysmograph, allowing measurements of changes in lung volume. Fosc was measured by reverse plethysmography using a 20 L isothermic chamber near the mouth. At the end of each randomized trial, an inspiratory capacity manoeuvre was used to determine end-expiratory lung volume (EELV).RESULTS: EELV increased significantly (P<0.05) with each level of CPAP regardless of oscillation frequency. Fosc also significantly increased with CPAP (P<0.05) and it was correlated with EELV (r=0.7935, P<0.05) in obstructed patients but not in healthy subjects (r=0.125, P=0.343). There were no significant differences in perceived comfort across the levels of CPAP.CONCLUSIONS: Significant increases in Fosc with CPAP-induced increases in lung volume were observed, suggesting that CPAP may be useful as a therapeutic adjunct in patients who have obstructive airway disease and who require HFCWO.

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