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Queiroz, Marcos de Souza (1986)
Publisher: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Languages: Portuguese
Types: Article
Subjects: Medicine, traditional, Medicina tradicional, RA1-1270, História da medicina, Public aspects of medicine, Antropologia da medicina, Anthropology, medical, History of medicine
Objetivou-se analisar, sob um ponto de vista antropológico, o paradigma "mecanicista" dominante na medicina ocidental moderna. Faz-se comentário crítico sobre o positivismo que sustenta este paradigma. Foi mostrado também como ele desenvolveu-se historicamente a ponto de dominar a percepção médica sobre saúde, doença e terapêutica, e como essa percepção deixou modernamente de compreender um amplo espectro da realidade a que se propõe compreender. Foram analisados alguns sistemas médicos "populares" e "primitivos", mostrando como eles incorporam o social no campo da medicina. Enfatiza-se a necessidade da medicina ocidental moderna recuperar o social e o cultural (como dimensões que moldam inevitavelmente a doença, os tratamentos e a cura) para sair da crise em que se encontra. Nesse sentido, recorrer à história e aos sistemas médicos "populares" e "primitivos" tem o propósito de contribuir para isso.
The dominant "mechanistic" paradigm of modern western medicine was analysed from an anthropological point of view. Some critical comments on the positivistic posture which underlies this paradigm were made, as well as a historical overview of how it has developed (dominating medical perception of health, disease and therapeutics) up to its present crisis. An analysis of some "primitive" and "popular" medical systems showing how they incorporated social elements into strategies of treatment and cure was also made. It was emphasised that modern western medicine needs to recover its social and cultural dimensions in order to overcome its present crisis. In this sense, looking to history as well as to "primitive" and "popular" medical systems has the aim of contributing to this search.
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