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Mathieu Goudard; Michel Lubrano (2011)
Publisher: HAL CCSD
Types: Preprint
Subjects: [ SHS.ECO ] Humanities and Social Sciences/Economies and finances, social capital, human capital, [SHS.ECO] Humanities and Social Sciences/Economies and finances, hierarchical models, European science,social capital,hierarchical models,Economics of science,human capital, European science, Economics of science
The theory of human capital is one way to explain individual decisions to produce scientific research. However, this theory, even if it reckons the importance of time in science, is too short for explaining the existing diversity of scientific output. The present paper introduces the social capital of Bourdieu (1980), Coleman (1988) and Putnam (1995) as a necessary complement to explain the creation of scientific human capital. This paper connects these two concepts by means of a hierarchical econometric model which makes the distinction between the individual level (human capital) and the cluster level of departments (social capital). The paper shows how a collection of variables can be built from a bibliographic data base indicating both individual behaviour including mobility and collective characteristics of the department housing individual researchers. The two level hierarchical model is estimated on fourteen European countries using bibliometric data in the fields of economics.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1992 1994 1996 1998 Year 2000 2002 2004 2006 The y axis indicates the percentage of authors with a first year of publication indicated on the x axis.
    • 2008 Bauwens, L., Mion, G., and Thisse, J. (2007). The resistible decline of European science. CORE-DP 2007-92, CORE, Universit´e catholique de Louvain.
    • Ben-Porath, Y. (1967). The production of human capital and the life cycle of earnings. The Journal of Political Economy, 75(4):352-365.
    • Bourdieu, P. (1980). Le capital social: Notes provisoires. Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales, 3(2-3).
    • Bourdieu, P. (1986). The forms of social capital. In Richardson, J. G., editor, Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education. Greenwood, New York.
    • Bozeman, B., Dietz, J. S., and Gaughan, M. (2001). Scientific and technical human capital: an alternative model for research evaluation. International Journal of Technology Management, 22(7-8):716-740.
    • Coleman, J. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. American Journal of Sociology, 94:S95-S120.
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