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Woller, Jessica L.; Kim, Ki Beom; Behrents, Rolf G.; Buschang, Peter H. (2014)
Publisher: Dental Press International
Journal: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Palatal expansion technique, RK1-715, Orthodontics, Suturas cranianas, Ortodontia, Dentistry, Tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico, Técnica de expansão palatina, Cone beam computed tomography, Articles, Cranial sutures
INTRODUCTION: With the advent of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), it is now possible to quantitatively evaluate the effects of rapid maxillary expansion (RME) on the entire maxillary complex in growing patients. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to use three-dimensional images to evaluate the displacement that occurs at the circummaxillary sutures (frontonasal, zygomaticomaxillary, intermaxillary, midpalatal, and transpalatal sutures) following rapid maxillary expansion in growing children. METHODS: The CBCT scans of 25 consecutively treated RME patients (10 male, 15 female) with mean age of 12.3 ± 2.6 years, were examined before expansion and immediately following the last activation of the expansion appliance. RESULTS: Statistically significant (P < 0.05) amounts of separation were found for the displacement of the bones of the frontonasal suture, the intermaxillary suture, the zygomaticomaxillary sutures, and the midpalatal suture. The change in angulation of the maxillary first molars due to RME was also statistically significant. There was no statistically significant displacement of the transpalatal suture. CONCLUSIONS: Rapid maxillary expansion results in significant displacement of the bones of circummaxillary sutures in growing children. INTRODUÇÃO: com o advento da tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC), hoje é possível avaliar quantitativamente os efeitos da expansão rápida da maxila (ERM) em todo o complexo maxilar em pacientes em crescimento. OBJETIVO: este estudo usou imagens tridimensionais para avaliar o deslocamento das suturas circum-maxilares (frontonasal, intermaxilar, palatina mediana e palatina transversa) após a expansão rápida da maxila em crianças em crescimento. MÉTODOS: imagens de TCFC de 25 pacientes tratados consecutivamente com ERM (10 meninos, 15 meninas) com idade média de 12,3 ± 2,6 anos foram obtidas e examinadas antes da expansão e imediatamente após a última ativação do aparelho expansor. RESULTADOS: houve deslocamento estatisticamente significativo (p < 0,05) dos ossos da sutura frontonasal, intermaxilar, zigomaticomaxilar e palatina mediana. A alteração na angulação dos primeiros molares superiores devido à ERM também foi estatisticamente significativa. Não houve deslocamento estatisticamente significativo da sutura palatina transversa. CONCLUSÕES: a expansão rápida da maxila resultou em deslocamentos significativos dos ossos das suturas circum-maxilares em crianças em crescimento.