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MELO NETO,BERNARDO; LEITÃO,JOSEANA M.S.R.; OLIVEIRA,LUCIANO G.C.; SANTOS,SÉRGIO E.M.; CARNEIRO,SABRINA M.P.; RODRIGUES,KLINGER A.F.; CHAVES,MARIANA H.; ARCANJO,DANIEL D.R.; CARVALHO,FERNANDO A.A. (2016)
Publisher: Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Óxido Nítrico, Q, Macrófagos, Macrophages, Nitric oxide, Leishmania, Promastigote, Promastigotas, Phagocytic activity, Science, Zanthoxylum, Atividade fagocítica
ABSTRACT Zanthoxylum rhoifolium Lam. (Rutaceae) has been traditionally used in the treatment of microbial infections and parasitic diseases. In the present study, the antileishmanial effect induced by the ethanol extract of stem barks from Z. rhoifolium (ZR-EEtOH) and its n-hexane fraction (ZR-FHEX) on infection and infectivity of murine macrophages by promastigote forms of Leishmania amazonensis were investigated. In different set of experiments, macrophages or promastigotes were pretreated with ZR-EEtOH or ZR-FHEX at non-lethal concentrations for 24 hours, and then macrophages were submitted to infection by promastigotes. Moreover, their effects on activation of macrophages, as well as on the DNA content, size and number of promastigotes by flow cytometry were also evaluated. The infection rate and the number of internalized amastigote forms were markedly decreased after pretreatment of macrophages or promastigotes when compared with non-treated cells. The increase in phagocytic capability and nitrite content was also observed. Furthermore, the decrease of DNA content, size and number of promastigotes was also observed. In conclusion, ZR-EEtOH and ZR-FHEX promoted a markedly significant antileishmanial effect and reduction of infection of macrophages, probably underlying defense mechanisms activation in macrophages. These findings reinforce the potential application of Z. rhoifolium in the treatment of leishmaniasis.