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fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Marisol Ureña Vargas (2009)
Publisher: Asociación Costarricense de Salud Pública
Journal: Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública
Languages: Spanish
Types: Article
Subjects: Urban Population, Student, Fruit, Costa Rica, Medicine, Estudiantes, Vegetales, Población Urbana, Vegetables, DOAJ:Health Sciences, R, RA1-1270, Public aspects of medicine, Frutas, DOAJ:Public Health
Objetivo: Determinar cuáles son las razones del consumo y no consumo de frutas y vegetales por parte de los escolares de una zona urbana. Método: Estudio de tipo descriptivo, transversal y cualitativo. Participaron 72 escolares entre 10 y 12 años de cuarto, quinto y sexto grado de tres escuelas de los cantones de Montes de Oca y Curridabat, de la provincia de San José, Costa Rica, en el año 2004. Se realizaron 6 grupos focales, de los cuales 3 fueron con niñas y 3 con niños. La información obtenida fue categorizada a partir del análisis de contenido y de matrices en las que se consideraron las opiniones más comunes dadas por los escolares, así como los conceptos derivados de las dimensiones establecidas en la literatura y las opiniones de expertos en educación y nutrición. Resultados: Los escolares refieren que la principal razón de consumo de frutas y vegetales, son las características físicas, para el caso de los vegetales estas características son también motivo de rechazo. Entre las razones de no consumo están la poca disponibilidad tanto en el hogar como en las sodas y comedores escolares, los inadecuados hábitos alimentarios familiares, el desconocimiento de la importancia del consumo de estos alimentos y un poder de compra restringido. Los escolares reconocen que las frutas y los vegetales son alimentos que contribuyen a la buena salud porque aportan de manera general vitaminas y minerales, no obstante, no los consumen diariamente porque prefieren la "comida chatarra". Discusión: El consumo de frutas y vegetales está asociado con una serie de factores intrínsecos y extrínsecos que potencian o limitan el consumo de estos alimentos.
Objective: To determine the reasons for consumption and non-consumption of fruits and vegetables in school students of an urban zone. Methods: The present study is descriptive, cross-sectional and qualitative in nature. During 2004, seventy two schoolchildren between ten and twelve years of age, coming from the fifth and sixth grades of three schools in the municipalities of Montes de Oca and Curridabat, province of San José, participated in the study. The purpose of the work was to determine the reasons for fruit and vegetable intake. Six focal groups were organized, three with girls and three with boys. The information was classified on the basis of content and matrices analysis, in which the most common opinions given by the children were considered, in addition to the concepts derived from dimensions established in the literature, and expert opinion on education and nutrition. Results: The schoolchildren mentioned that the main reasons for consumption of both food groups are their physical characteristics. For vegetables, the physical characteristics were also a motive of rejection. Other reasons for non-consumption are reduced availability at home, restaurants and school cafeterias, inadequate family nutritional habits, ignorance of the importance of intake of these foods, and a reduced buying ability. The schoolchildren acknowledge that fruits and vegetables are foods that contribute to good health, because in general they provide vitamins and minerals. However, they do not eat them on a daily basis because they prefer "junk foods". Discussion: Fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with several intrinsic and external factors that can increase or limit their intake.

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